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Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Geoffrey Lloyd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a study of the problems posed by the unity and diversity of the human mind. On the one hand, as humans we all share broadly the same anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and certain ... More


Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


A World for Us: The Case for Phenomenalistic Idealism

John Foster

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199297139
eISBN:
9780191711398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297139.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of the book is to refute physical realism and establish in its place a form of phenomenalistic idealism. Physical realism, in the relevant sense, takes the physical world to be something ... More


T. H. Green and the Eternal Consciousness

T.L.S. Sprigge

in The God of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199283040
eISBN:
9780191603662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283044.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the philosophy of T. H. Green, the initial leading figure among the absolute idealists who dominated British philosophy in the late 19th century. Green sought to establish that ... More


Conclusions: Mind as Mashup

Andy Clark

in Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333213
eISBN:
9780199868858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333213.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It argues that work on embodiment, action, and cognitive extension likewise invites us to view mind and cognition in a new and illuminating manner. The ... More


Avoiding Cartesian Materialism

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the legacy of Descartes in attempting to understand the human mind, a legacy often referred to as Cartesian materialism. An account is given of the many ways in which Cartesian ... More


Form

Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter seeks to recover the medieval understanding of the fundamental relations that link the human mind, the world, and God, relations that make the pilgrim's journey possible. The first ... More


Excavating the Prehistoric Mind: The Brain as a Cultural Artefact and Material Culture as Biological Extension

Steven Mithen

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The adoption of an explicitly cognitive approach has become prominent in archaeological research during the last decade, helping to place Palaeolithic archaeology into a driving role in the ... More


Distinctively Human Thinking: Modular Precursors and Components *

Peter Carruthers

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the main challenge facing massively modular theories of the architecture of the human mind. This is to account for the distinctively flexible, non-domain-specific character of ... More


The Challenge of Nihilism

John Foster

in A World for Us: The Case for Phenomenalistic Idealism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199297139
eISBN:
9780191711398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297139.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If there is a physical world, its existence must be understood in accordance with canonical idealism, which takes the world to be constitutively created by more fundamental factors and assigns the ... More


Language and the Development of Spatial Reasoning *

Anna Shusterman and Elizabeth Spelke

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that human and animal minds indeed depend on a collection of domain-specific, task-specific, and encapsulated cognitive systems: on a set of cognitive ‘modules’ in Fodor's sense. ... More


A Cognitive View of Synonymy

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

The chapter provides a concept of synonymy which all my historical and book-orientated research has as its basis. Synonymy is not merely an anomaly in the semiotic system because it disregards the ... More


How Can the Human Mind Occur?

John R. Anderson

in How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195324259
eISBN:
9780199786671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter tries to summarize the progress the book has made in answering the question in the title. It uses a set of twelve criteria suggested by Allen Newell for measuring progress in cognitive ... More


Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Kevin N. Laland

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans possess an extraordinary capacity for cultural production, from the arts and language to science and technology. How did the human mind—and the uniquely human ability to devise and transmit ... More


The Creative Aspect of Language Use and Nonbiological Nativism

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on one particular component of the human capacity for language, which Chomsky calls the ‘creative aspect of language use’ (CALU). It argues that the CALU is a distinct module of ... More


Introduction

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Introduction argues that cognition is influenced first by neurophysiological and biochemical factors, secondly by cultural, social, political and ideological ones and thirdly by the subject ... More


What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Fiona Cowie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book reconsiders the influential nativist position toward the mind. Nativists assert that some concepts, beliefs, or capacities are innate or inborn: “native” to the mind rather than acquired. ... More


General Introduction

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This part of the book reveals how two widespread assumptions have powerfully shaped philosophy for a long time. The first assumption is called “the truthmaker assumption.” It means that if a belief, ... More


Conclusion

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter reviews some of the topics discussed in the preceding chapters. It argues that evidence serves to refute the idea that what is common in human cognitive faculties falls to the side of ... More


Descartes' Myth

Anthony Kenny

in The Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192830708
eISBN:
9780191670527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192830708.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter regards the inheritance of Descartes as being the single most substantial obstacle to a correct philosophical understanding of the nature of the human mind. The heredity of Descartes ... More


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