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Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Stephen Hetherington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247349
eISBN:
9780191697654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have long inquired into the nature and even the possibility of human knowledge. This book identifies two mistaken assumptions that have fundamentally shaped that tradition of ... More


I THINK: The Rise of Epistemic Phrases in Modern English

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

One of the most striking features of English from a cross-cultural perspective is the proliferation of various linguistic tools for qualifying one's statements, hedging one's assertions, and ... More


PROBABLY: English Epistemic Adverbs and Their Cultural Significance

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

English has a much larger repertoire of epistemic (sentential) adverbs than other European languages, possibly indeed without parallel in other languages of the world. The set of these adverbs ... More


Divine and Human Knowledge: Knowing by Doing

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter talks about how the difference between divine and human knowledge became quantitative rather than qualitative. God may possess infinite knowledge, humans have finite; God knows all at ... More


Human Knowledge and Reflection

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some have argued that knowledge, or human knowledge, requires some sort of reflection, usually on the reasonableness of one's beliefs. It is argued that there is no such requirement, either for ... More


Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment

Michael A Bishop and J. D. Trout

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162295
eISBN:
9780199835539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162293.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents a new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Its approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic ... More


Three Views of Human Knowledge

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a traditional account of knowledge along with its indirect realist view of perception. On a traditional approach, perceptual knowledge is a special case of “justified true ... More


Natural Evil and the Possibility of Knowledge

Richard Swinburne

in Providence and the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237983
eISBN:
9780191598548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237987.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The opportunity to study natural processes that produce good and bad effects gives humans the opportunity to acquire knowledge of how to produce good and bad effects themselves, and thus to make the ... More


Direct Awareness and God's Experience of a Temporal Now

Gregory E. Ganssle

in God and Time: Essays on the Divine Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195129656
eISBN:
9780199849130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129656.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the implications of William Alston's claim that God knows what he knows without having any beliefs. Most discussions of God's knowledge assume that we ought to understand God's ... More


Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Scott Johnson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Arguments over the developmental origins of human knowledge are ancient, founded in the writings of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, and Kant. They have also persisted long enough to become a core ... More


The Priority of the Perfect in the Philosophical Theology of the Continental Rationalists

ROBERT MERRIHEW ADAMS

in Rationalism, Platonism and God: A Symposium on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264201
eISBN:
9780191734670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264201.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the concept of the priority of the perfect in continental rationalists’ philosophical theology. It suggests that the less perfect or complete needs to be understood in terms of ... More


Perception and Language

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the evidence that almost everything relating to human knowledge is more problematical that we normally admit. It starts with a review of recent work in experimental psychology, ... More


Believing Animals

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter tries to explain that all human persons, no matter how well educated, how scientific, how knowledgeable, are, at bottom, believers. We are all necessarily trusting, believing animals, ... More


Human Knowledge, Animal and Reflective

Ernest Sosa

in Reflective Knowledge: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199217250
eISBN:
9780191696053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217250.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the two varieties of human knowledge: the animal and the reflective. Animal knowledge does not require that the knower have an epistemic perspective on his belief, a ... More


God, Flux, and the Epistemology of Agape Struggle

Paul K. Moser

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What, if anything, is the bearing of flux, or impermanence, as found in this world on the case for the Jewish-Christian God? This chapter argues that the bearing is positive rather than negative, ... More


Intuitions about Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the intuitions elicited from knowledge stories. It remarks that intuitions can be useful but only as starting points, not rigid constraints. The chapter thus provides a ... More


The Analytic of Concepts

J. N. Findlay

in Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermeneutic Study

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246381
eISBN:
9780191680960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246381.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the following: (i) Complementarity of thought and intuition in human knowledge, relation of concepts to rules and the judgements and inferences. The judgement given too central ... More


Apollinaris Redux? Augustine and the Psychology of Christ

Dominic Keech

in The Anti-Pelagian Christology of Augustine of Hippo, 396-430

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662234
eISBN:
9780191746314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662234.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 5 examines Julian of Eclanum’s accusation that Augustine’s definition of inherited sin must deny his Christ a fully human soul. First surveying Augustine’s understanding of Apollinarianism, ... More


The Finite Planet

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter examines the Earth's finitude of space and resources, noting that land areas cannot so much be changed or expanded upon as it can be reused or replaced. Although there are the ... More


The Two Humes

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Hume's Treatise has two distinct goals: first, to reveal the limitations of human knowledge by developing an empirical psychology, and second, to decide metaphysical questions. Many commentators take ... More


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