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Christian Moevs

in The Metaphysics of Dante's Comedy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174618
eISBN:
9780199835430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174615.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter seeks to recover the medieval understanding of the fundamental relations that link the human mind, the world, and God, relations that make the pilgrim's journey possible. The first ... More


More than concepts: How multiple integrations make human intelligence

Linda B. Smith

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that human intelligence emerges in the accrued effects of many different integrations of heterogeneous processes, each integration occurring as the consequence of doing some task. ... More


Spies in Uniform: British Service Attachés as Intelligence-Gatherers

Matthew S. Seligmann

in Spies in Uniform: British Military and Naval Intelligence on the Eve of the First World War

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261505
eISBN:
9780191718618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261505.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter explores the different ways in which service attachés obtained the information they needed. British attachés were not allowed to undertake covert operations themselves and therefore had ... More


HUMAN INTELLIGENCE

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the basics of human intelligence, particularly its recent explanation by Hawkins. The basic idea of his formalism is as follows: the cortical part of the brain uses vast ... More


If

Jonathan Evans and David Over

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

‘IF’ is one of the most important and interesting words in the English language, being used to express hypothetical thought. The use of conditionals such as ‘if’ also distinguishes human intelligence ... More


Intelligences and Brains: An Evolutionary Bird's Eye View

Juan D. Delius and Julia A. Delius

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Whenever reporting on the cognitive abilities of animals to lay audiences, one is regularly confronted with the question of whether one is ... More


Genes and Human Psychological Traits

Thomas J. Jr. Bouchard

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows that genetic variation is an important feature of virtually every human psychological trait and must be taken into account in any comprehensive explanation (theory) of human ... More


The Basic Symbolic Systems

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The following problems are examined in this chapter: human intelligence, human memory, inferences, choice system, and empathy.


Varieties of Intelligence

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines scholarly research that probes the nature of intelligence and widens the scope of how the mind underpins effective thought and action. More specifically, it considers a variety ... More


The Intelligibility of Nature

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines issues concerning the intelligibility of nature. It explains that the characterization of the intelligibility of nature as a great mystery is questionable because nature and its ... More


Hal, R2D2, and Number 5: Artificial intelligence

Iwo Białynicki-Birula and Iwona Białynicka-Birula

in Modeling Reality: How Computers Mirror Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198531005
eISBN:
9780191713033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198531005.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Artificial intelligence is a model of the mental capabilities of human beings. The main aim of artificial intelligence — to build intelligent entities — is still far from being achieved. Artificial ... More


Incorporating Cultural Intelligence into Joint Intelligence: Cultural Intelligence and Ethnographic Intelligence Theory

Alexei J. D. Gavriel

in Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785952
eISBN:
9780804789219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785952.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter endeavors to demystify the practices of anthropology by integrating its unique concepts and collection methodologies. Two formal intelligence disciplines, Cultural intelligence (CULINT) ... More


The background to hominid intelligence

Stephen E. G. Lea

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Among the animal species that share some kind of common ancestor with humans there are many, in addition to the four species of great ape that apparently also share some kind of intelligence. Such ... More


Human Rights, National Regulation, and Armed Conflict

Shane Darcy

in To Serve the Enemy: Informers, Collaborators, and the Laws of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198788898
eISBN:
9780191830921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198788898.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The role of international human rights law and national regulatory regimes regarding the use of informers is considered in Chapter 5. The chapter begins by outlining human rights standards of ... More


The Creative Imagination: Unique Expression of Our Soul-Body Unity

W. Norris Clarke, SJ

in The Creative Retrieval of Saint Thomas Aquinas: Essays in Thomistic Philosophy, New and Old

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229284
eISBN:
9780823236671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229284.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter engages in a philosophical exploration of the creative imagination in human beings, seeking to discern its basic structure and its significance for the understanding of what it means to ... More


Man’s intelligence as seen through palaeolithic art

Henri Delporte

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The concept of intelligence is examined first in this chapter. The chapter argues that in the case of the prehistoric man, intelligence is defined in accordance to its relational function. It is a ... More


The Superstructure of Effectiveness

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores three personal factors that together predict effectiveness in complex and dynamic environments: fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence, and effective character. It first ... More


Intelligence

Andrew Goffey

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the concept of computing intelligence by taking the Turing machine into consideration. It also discusses the Turing test in the research of machine intelligence and states that ... More


9/11 and the Global War on Terrorism

David P. Oakley

in Subordinating Intelligence: The DoD/CIA Post-Cold War Relationship

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813176703
eISBN:
9780813176727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176703.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

After 9/11, the DoD sought to sever its perceived reliance on national intelligence. These changes were in part motivated by previous reviews of intelligence and in part by Secretary of Defense ... More


Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Michael E. Martinez

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Ever since Alfred Binet invented the first IQ test more than a century ago, we have thought of intelligence as fixed from birth and unalterable—as genetically programmed and immutable as eye color. ... More


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