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Human impacts on marine ecosystems

Keith Brander, Louis W. Botsford, Lorenzo Ciannelli, Michael J. Fogarty, Michael Heath, Benjamin Planque, Lynne J. Shannon, and Kai Wieland

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Humans have used and had an impact on marine ecosystems throughout history. As human populations and their economic activity increased the impact intensified, but our awareness of the long‐term, ... More


Three Case Studies

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


Introduction

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to present a new archaeological case for prehistoric human impact on the environment: a study of ecological and cultural change ... More


The Balance of Nature: What Is It and Why Care?

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book explores how interaction strength affects the dynamics of food webs. It aims to conceptually synthesize our current understanding of one of the big questions in ecology and evolution: What ... More


High-latitude paleolimnology

Dominic A. Hodgson and John P. Smol

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the role that paleolimnological studies have played in reconstructing the geomorphological origin and development of high latitude lakes. A description is provided on how both ... More


The South Coast Desert

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes the area of interest — the basins of the lower Ica Valley on the Peruvian south coast — which lies within one of the world's oldest and driest deserts. It starts by examining ... More


Food Webs (MPB-50)

Kevin S. McCann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Human impacts are dramatically altering our natural ecosystems but the exact repercussions on ecological sustainability and function remain unclear. As a result, food web theory has experienced a ... More


Introduction

Hilary Marlow

in Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199569052
eISBN:
9780191723230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569052.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the human impact on the planet. It then considers the relationship between religious tradition and environmental issues. It then outlines the ... More


Eating Stardust: Population, Food, and Agriculture on Planet Earth

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

There is an inherent tension between human impact (the product of the size of the human population, people's level of food consumption, and the technology used to produce food) and the ability of the ... More


Guiding Principles to Assess the Human Rights Impact of Economic Reforms? Yes

Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky

in Sovereign Debt and Human Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198810445
eISBN:
9780191847783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810445.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the structural elements of the Guiding Principles for human rights impact assessments of economic reform policies, proposed by the UN Independent Expert on foreign debt and ... More


How Humans Influence Evolution on Adaptive Landscapes

Andrew P. Hendry, Virginie Millien, Andrew Gonzalez, and Hans C. E. Larsson

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines three basic ways in which humans can alter evolution on adaptive landscapes: through changes in topography, changes in dimensionality, and phenotypic excursions. Changes in ... More


Environmental history

Richard T. Corlett

in The Ecology of Tropical East Asia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198817017
eISBN:
9780191858703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817017.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter covers the environmental history of Tropical East Asia, starting with its assembly from Gondwanan fragments during the Mesozoic. Changes in sea level, climate, and vegetation are covered ... More


Perspectives from the Past: Archaeology, Historical Ecology, and Northeastern Pacific Pinnipeds and Sea Otters

Todd J. Braje and Torben C. Rick

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Overfishing, pollution, climate change, mismanagement, and other factors have resulted in severely depleted marine ecosystems and anthropogenic seascapes. Steps have been taken to reverse trends, ... More


People, Pinnipeds, and Sea Otters of the Northeast Pacific

Torben C. Rick, Todd J. Braje, and Robert L. DeLong

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Often highly intelligent with sophisticated communication systems, marine mammals are a fundamental component of marine ecosystems around the world. Archaeological data demonstrate that human impacts ... More


Transformation

Karen J. Esler, Anna L. Jacobsen, and R. Brandon Pratt

in The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198739135
eISBN:
9780191802218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739135.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Extensive habitat loss and habitat conversion has occurred across all mediterranean-type climate (MTC) regions, driven by increasing human populations who have converted large tracts of land to ... More


Socioecological Dynamics and Feedbacks in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Ricardo M. Holdo and Robert D. Holt

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Complex ecological systems are practically defined by the wide array of direct and indirect links among species, functional groups, and abiotic factors in ecosystems. This is captured, for example, ... More


Our Common Responsibility to Nature

Peter H. Raven

in Without Nature?: A New Condition for Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230693
eISBN:
9780823237227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230693.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the growing intensity of our impacts on the natural systems that support us, emphasizing especially the critical importance of biological extinction ... More


Prospects for Sustenance

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter assesses the Earth's prospects for long-term sustainability. It begins by surveying the general state of the planet as well as its human impact. The key challenges of the twenty-first ... More


Links between Environmental Change and Human Evolution and Society

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter studies the relationship between environmental changes, human evolution, and societies. Environmental changes have affected human evolution and dispersion; and certain key developments ... More


Climate Change, Human Impacts on the Landscape, and Subsistence Specialization: Historical Ecology and Changes in Jomon Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways

Junko Habu and Mark E. Hall

in The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Small Scale Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042428
eISBN:
9780813043074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042428.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Data from the Jomon period (ca. 16,000–2,500 cal. B.P.) of the Japanese archipelago offer a unique opportunity to examine both short- and long-term changes in human-environment interaction. ... More


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