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Climate change and human Health: issues for teacher and classroom

Anthony J McMichael and Ulisses Confalonieri

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Global climate change, caused by human actions, is a recent, remarkable and distinctive source of risks to human health. Because of its newness, complexity and scale, it poses important challenges to ... More


Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Frank Kessel, Patricia Rosenfield, and Norman Anderson (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Interdisciplinary research now receives a great deal of attention because of the rich, creative contributions it often generates. But a host of factors — institutional, interpersonal, and ... More


Baroque Design: Gratuitous Genomic Complexity

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses various gratuitous complexities—inherent in the human genome—that routinely compromise personal health. These range from problems associated with split genes (wherein introns ... More


From nonhuman primates to human health and evolution

Charles L. Nunn and Sonia Altizer

in Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565857
eISBN:
9780191728235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565857.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers how understanding infectious disease in nonhuman primates provides insights to human health. In particular, it examines the origins of human infectious diseases and their ... More


The Risks from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation

Roger H. Clarke

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses human health risk resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Since the book is concerned with environmental risk assessment, which does not normally involve deterministic ... More


Social Epidemiologic Alternatives: Sociopolitical and Psychosocial Frameworks

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 6 traces the historical development and explicates the key constructs of the major theoretical alternatives to biomedical and lifestyle approaches: the sociopolitical and psychosocial ... More


Metals in the Environment as Risk Factors for Infectious Diseases: Gaps and Opportunities

M. Leigh Ackland, Julia Bornhorst, George V. Dedoussis, Rodney R. Dietert, Jerome O. Nriagu, Jozef M. Pacyna, and John M. Pettifor

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

By reducing immune function, trace metal deficiencies may substantially contribute to the global burden of diarrhea, pneumonia, and malaria. Human activities may be contributing to trace metal ... More


Bioinvasions and Globalization: Ecology, Economics, Management, and Policy

Charles Perrings, Harold Mooney, and Mark Williamson (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199560158
eISBN:
9780191721557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560158.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Bioinvasions and Globalization synthesises our current knowledge of the ecology and economics of biological invasions, providing an in-depth evaluation of the science and its ... More


Health Equity in a Globalizing World

LINCOLN C. CHEN and GIOVANNI BERLINGUER

in Challenging Inequities in Health: From Ethics to Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195137408
eISBN:
9780199863983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the concept of globalization and makes an assessment of its potential influence on health and equity. It considers growing concerns about the impact of globalization on ... More


Nutrition and Darwin’s Entangled Bank

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter expands on three important themes that form the backdrop of this book's study: nutrition touches and links all living things; nutrition is complex; and there have been ... More


Metal Homeostasis during Development, Maturation, and Aging: Impact on Infectious Diseases

Inga Wessels

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a summary of the functions of essential metallic elements in human metabolism and during infectious diseases as well as their homeostasis during development, maturation, and ... More


The right to health: from concept to practice

Helena Nygren-Krug

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Exploring how we take human rights from concept to reality, this chapter provides insights from the head of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) portfolio on the right to health. It describes the ... More


Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Flawed Science and Accident Cover-Up

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 argues that atomic energy is also costly in terms of human health, scientific data, and practical reliability. Because of industry cover-ups, ... More


A new cattle disease

Patrick van Zwanenberg and Erik Millstone

in BSE: risk, science and governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525813
eISBN:
9780191723902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525813.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the initial emergence of BSE as a novel veterinary disease in the UK, and the process by which it came to be acknowledged officially. The initial response from MAFF to the ... More


Impact of Lifestyle on Metal Exposure, Homeostasis, and Associated Diseases

George V. Dedoussis

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Unhealthy lifestyle factors (e.g., cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, long working hours, reduced sleep, physical inactivity, obesogenic diets) and psychological stress contribute to ... More


New Technologies Using Trace Metals of Concern

Jozef M. Pacyna, Kyrre Sundseth, and Elisabeth G. Pacyna

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the occurrence, material flows, technical applications of and pollution by platinum, palladium), thallium, rare earth elements, gold, silver, and antimony, all of which are ... More


Introduction: The History, Policies, and Structures That Shape Health Care Regulation

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents background on the nature of health policy and the role of regulation in translating policy into action. It describes the fundamental policy goals of improving quality, enhancing ... More


HIA: the German perspective

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The basic idea of health impact assessment (HIA) as a task for public health professionals and for the public health service in Germany was introduced in the late 1980s. Since then, the idea was ... More


Medical Migration Between the Human Right to Health and Freedom of Movement1

Kollar Eszter

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Medical migration, the mass movement of medical professionals from the developing to the developed world, is widely seen as one of the most profound problems facing health systems in the poorest ... More


A Better Remedy

Fran Quigley

in Prescription for the People: An Activist's Guide to Making Medicine Affordable for All

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501713750
eISBN:
9781501713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501713750.003.0021
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Current law, along with limited changes to existing law, both provide many opportunities for access to affordable generic medicines. There are far better ways to develop medicines and to ensure ... More


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