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‘Irreversibility’ and Social Justice

Andrew Dobson

in Justice and the Environment: Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Theories of Distributive Justice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294955
eISBN:
9780191599071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294956.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Considers the second conception of environmental sustainability, in which ‘irreversible nature’ (such as species) is the thing to be sustained into the future. In Ch. 5, it was pointed out that ... More


Structural Adjustment and Sustainable Development

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Empirical studies show extraordinarily high rates of return to investments in human and environmental public goods. This chapter demonstrates empirically, however, that the majority of governments in ... More


Common Projects

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempts to understand the widespread and plausible treatment of loyal caring for good common projects — for their own sake and not just for their contribution to the well-being of ... More


Socrates, Pleasure, and Value

George Rudebusch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195159615
eISBN:
9780199869367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159616.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book argues that the Socrates of the Apology, Crito, Protagoras, Gorgias, and Republic 1 can consistently and compellingly speak of pleasure and virtue as the good for human beings by ... More


Nicomachean Ethics

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this English translation of Nicomachean Ethics, the discussion begins with the statement that all human activities aim at some good: some goods are subordinate to others. The text then considers ... More


Marriage, Sex, and Morals

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines three of the most influential defenses of marriage; each holds that marriage is the sole permissible context for sex and the unique context for achieving certain goods. Kant ... More


Socrates' Speech: Concern for Others?

Frisbee C. C. Sheffield

in Plato's Symposium: The Ethics of Desire

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286775
eISBN:
9780191713194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286775.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter addresses a controversial issue that arises from Socrates' speech. If the human good — the highest virtue — is contemplative activity, then is there room in this account for other ... More


Naturalism

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtues are those character traits that make a human being a good human being— those traits that human beings need to live well as human beings, to live a characteristically human life. Ethical ... More


Extending the Approach

Michael Slote

in Morals from Motives

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138375
eISBN:
9780199833696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138376.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Views that understand both morality and human well‐being in agent‐based terms can be called ”hyper‐agent‐based.” The present such approach treats each of the agent‐based elements of practical ... More


On Basic Human Goods, Interests, and Motivations

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter attempts to answer the following questions: Among the innumerable real motivations that cause humans to engage in actions, are there any that can rightly be said to be basic? Are some ... More


The Platonic Idea of the Good

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How does the transcendent self-subsistent good, the good which makes other goods good, come into this list of ways of life all claiming to be the best and the happiest? Perhaps Aristotle expected his ... More


The Righteous Are Happy

George Rudebusch

in Socrates, Pleasure, and Value

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195159615
eISBN:
9780199869367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159616.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

At the end of Republic Book 1, Socrates leads Thrasymachus to the conclusion that unrighteousness is never more profitable than righteousness, by showing that the righteous are happy and the ... More


Psychological Eudaimonism: A Reading of Aristotle

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Aristotle's eudaimonism as a case study and argues that when eudaimonia in the Nicomachean Ethics is understood as holistically including all other ... More


The Importance of Caring and Caring about What Is Important

Jeffrey Blustein

in Care and Commitment: Taking the Personal Point of View

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067996
eISBN:
9780199852895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067996.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the value of caring and what we ought to care about. It considers whether there are some things that people ought to care about, whether or not the “ought” is translatable into ... More


Introduction

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

In the introduction, the author presents the motivations behind the book’s inquiry: the need to make good sense of life and the world, the need to find a correct approach to human beings that will ... More


The State

Terence Irwin

in Aristotle's First Principles

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242901
eISBN:
9780191597770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242905.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle’s account of how the political community promotes the human good supports an account of the ideal state, and why actual states fall short of it. Aristotle attributes much of what is wrong ... More


Toward a Theory of Flourishing

Christian Smith

in To Flourish or Destruct: A Personalist Theory of Human Goods, Motivations, Failure, and Evil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226231952
eISBN:
9780226232003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226232003.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter develops personalism on the question of the purpose of human life, which the author argues is human flourishing. The six basic goods mentioned in chapter 5 are here said to serve this ... More


Friendship

Janet Martin Soskice

in The Kindness of God: Metaphor, Gender, and Religious Language

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269502
eISBN:
9780191683657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269502.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Literature

This chapter examines the different Christian views on friendship. According to Cicero, the one thing in human experience about whose advantage all men agree, is friendship. He implies that without ... More


How Socrates Can Make Both Pleasure and Virtue the Chief Good

George Rudebusch

in Socrates, Pleasure, and Value

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195159615
eISBN:
9780199869367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159616.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Socrates of early Platonic dialogs defends both the following claims about human good: (i) Pleasure is the good (in the Protagoras); (ii) Virtue is the good (in the Apology and Crito). I ... More


The Final End and the Way to It

in Aristotle's Dialogue with Socrates: On the "Nicomachean Ethics"

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226080505
eISBN:
9780226080543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080543.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics begins with a seemingly preposterous contention: “Every art (technē) and every way of proceeding (methodos), and likewise action (praxis) and choice (prohairesis), are ... More


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