Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 24 items

  • Keywords: human genetics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Genetics, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to research on human genetics and embryonic stem cells. It covers such topics as genetic engineering of animals and ... More


Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing and Regulating Disruptive Technology

Andelka M Phillips

in Buying your Self on the Internet: Wrap Contracts and Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474422598
eISBN:
9781474476485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474422598.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

How many contracts have you read today? This chapter provides an introduction to the work. It sets out the aims of the book and seeks to highlight the reality of contracting online that we all face, ... More


Genetics and public health: historical perspectives and current challenges and opportunities

Gilbert S. Omenn

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the historical paths that have led to the emergence of public health genetics. The importance of anticipating and addressing the social, ethical, and legal ramifications of ... More


Reforming Human Heredity in the 1930s

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1930s, a community of influential British biologists seized on blood groups in their attempts to reform the study of human heredity. This community included R. A. Fisher, Lancelot Hogben, J. ... More


Immobile Mutations: Nowhere to Go in the 1960s and 1970s (and the Exception That Proves the Rule)

Daniel Navon

in Mobilizing Mutations: Human Genetics in the Age of Patient Advocacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226638096
eISBN:
9780226638126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226638126.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 charts the early history of genomic designation, setting up a comparative-historical contrast with recent years. Almost as soon as it became possible to see, count, and label chromosomes in ... More


“Before It’s Too Late”: Life from the Past

Joanna Radin

in Life on Ice: A History of New Uses for Cold Blood

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226417318
eISBN:
9780226448244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226448244.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter complements the previous one by considering how the project of collecting blood was articulated by human geneticists, who looked as much to the past as to the future. They believed that ... More


Human History as Brownian Motion, or How Genetic Trees and Gene Maps Draw Things Together

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with Cavalli-Sforza’s early work in the development of statistical and computer techniques to create human population trees on the basis of the genetics of blood groups. The ... More


The International Human Genetics Community Faces Nazi Germany

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the reaction of the international human genetics community to the use of its science by Nazi Germany. It analyzes the critical position of the so-called reform eugenicist in the ... More


A New Molecular Science of Sex

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A direct intellectual and institutional context for the development of the sex chromosome concept during the period from 1915 through 1930 was the concurrent and spectacular development of sex ... More


Politicized Pedagogy

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the way human heredity was taught in the college-preparatory schools in Germany prior to and during the Third Reich, revealing that eugenics was taught even before the Nazi ... More


Research in an Imperfect World

Philip Kitcher

in Science, Truth, and Democracy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Concludes by considering the responsibilities of scientific researchers in societies in which the ideal of well‐ordered science does not hold. It looks, in particular, at the case of the Human Genome ... More


Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Jenny Bangham

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Blood Relations explores the relationships between mid-century blood transfusion and the development of human genetics. It focuses on Britain, which established its first national transfusion service ... More


Introduction: An Old Legend and a New Legacy

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is the “Faustian bargain” made by biomedical professionals in Germany with the officials of the Nazi state. The book examines why and how this ... More


Conclusion The Road Not Taken Elsewhere: Was There Something Unique about Human Heredity During the Third Reich?

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which sums up the key findings of this study about the “Faustian bargain” made by German geneticists with Nazi officials, suggests that the main factor in this deal is the way human ... More


Missing Heritability: Hidden Environment in Genetic Studies of Human Behavior

Jonathan Beckwith and Corey A. Morris-Singer

in Evolution and Morality: NOMOS LII

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814771228
eISBN:
9780814737828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814771228.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the search for biological explanations of variation in human behavior and aptitudes, focusing on the field of human behavioral genetics. Today, the two main efforts to correlate ... More


A Short History of the Race Concept

Michael Yudell

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the role played by scientific thought, from the late eighteenth century through to the twentieth century, in developing a language to measure the meaning of human difference in ... More


Conclusion: Blood and Promise

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From 1920 to nearly 1960, transfusion services created the conditions for blood to flow and yield copious genetic data. Blood groups provided a model for what human genetics could be: they were ... More


The Origins of the World's Mythologies

E.J. Michael Witzel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195367461
eISBN:
9780199932047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367461.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book is an ambitious work on mythology. Focusing on the oldest available texts, buttressed by data from archeology, comparative linguistics, and human population genetics, this book reconstructs ... More


Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Quantitative traits—be they morphological or physiological characters, aspects of behavior, or genome-level features such as the amount of RNA or protein expression for a specific gene—usually show ... More


Epilogue The Eugenic Impulse

Nathaniel Comfort

in The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169911
eISBN:
9780300188875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169911.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explains that the completion of a reference sequence for the human genome in 2000 marked a threshold for the development of the Garrodian approach to human heredity. This biochemical, ... More


View: