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Human Rights

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The purpose of this chapter is to articulate an understanding of basic human rights that is sufficiently clear and cogent to serve as the core of a justice‐based moral theory of international law. To ... More


In Body

Tilo Schabert

in The Second Birth: On the Political Beginnings of Human Existence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226038056
eISBN:
9780226185156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185156.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The very fact that human beings share a space, in which their bodies, as physical masses, cannot occupy the same place, raises the need for political existence. This is because bodily existence is ... More


Genesis's Central Concern: Human Existence Under God

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Genesis has two levels or focal points – history of Israel (the patriarchs) and human life (or human existence). Both are important and indispensable, but for Genesis, human life is the more ... More


Social and Domestic Remedies

Frederick Neuhouser

in Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542673
eISBN:
9780191715402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542673.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter seeks to determine what solutions might exist to the numerous problems that amour-propre imposes on human existence. The first section discusses Rousseau's account of how good social and ... More


Is the new natural law theory a substantive form of moral realism?

Rufus Black

in Christian Moral Realism: Natural Law, Narrative, Virtue, and the Gospel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270201
eISBN:
9780191683947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270201.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter probes whether the Grisez School is able to find a new means to secure the moorings of ethics to the givenness of reality. It explores the relationship between practical reason and the ... More


Original Sin

Keith Ward

in Religion and Human Nature

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269618
eISBN:
9780191683718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269618.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter examines the Christian doctrine of original sin. It suggests that the contrast between the biblical narrative of human genesis and the evolutionary account of human origin is no longer ... More


In Law

Tilo Schabert

in The Second Birth: On the Political Beginnings of Human Existence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226038056
eISBN:
9780226185156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226185156.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The rule of law is necessary in every human society. Human beings come together driven by the natural predicament of their bodily existence, which makes them dependent on mutual help. But the ... More


Henri Bouillard: The Freedom of Faith 1

James Hanvey

in Ressourcement: A Movement for Renewal in Twentieth-Century Catholic Theology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199552870
eISBN:
9780191731037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552870.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the thought of Henri Bouillard and its significance for Catholic theology before and after Vatican II. It examines Bouillard's understanding of the historical situatedness of ... More


God and the Moral Order

Joseph Blenkinsopp

in Wisdom and Law in the Old Testament: The Ordering of Life in Israel and Early Judaism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198755036
eISBN:
9780191695131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755036.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Judaism

This chapter begins with a discussion of how the sages of Israel, and of the ancient world in general, attempted to make sense of human existence by postulating an intrinsic connection between act ... More


Anthropogony: Creature and God

Ray L. Hart

in God Being Nothing: Toward a Theogony

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226359625
eISBN:
9780226359762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226359762.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Anthropogony addresses how human existence manifests the unfinished God as a creative and redemptive process. If there is an essential connection between the inner differentiation of the divine life ... More


Between One and One Another

Michael Jackson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520272330
eISBN:
9780520951914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272330.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

The author extends his path-breaking work in existential anthropology by focusing on the interplay between two modes of human existence: that of participating in other peoples' lives and that of ... More


What Is Talmud?: The Art of Disagreement

Sergey Dolgopolski

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229345
eISBN:
9780823236725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

True disagreements are hard to achieve, and even harder to maintain, for the ghost of final agreement constantly haunts them. The Babylonian Talmud, however, escapes from that ghost of agreement, and ... More


God and Time

Keith Ward

in Religion and Creation

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263937
eISBN:
9780191682681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263937.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter considers the contentions of some major 20th-century theologians from four religious traditions—all seem to agree in the general reconstruction of the concept of God in a more dynamic ... More


Hermeneutic Understanding

Gurpreet Mahajan

in Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses hermeneutic understanding, which is primarily a way of recovering the meaning of utterances and performances of historical agents. However, what distinguishes it from other ... More


Meaning and Growth within Positive Psychology: Toward a More Complete Understanding

Crystal L. Park

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter assesses the present state of integration within positive psychology regarding one particular aspect of human experience—meaning—which is central to human existence, regardless of the ... More


Empathy, Evolution, and Altruism

William B. Hurlbut

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The Cartesian dualism of mind and body is an unsatisfactory sidestepping of the central issues under discussion here. The beginnings of sociality are seen even in the most primordial configurations ... More


. Time and the Constitution

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows that an awareness of human mortality is evident throughout the Constitution of 1787 and in its Amendments. It notes that such an awareness is implicit in the traditional civic ... More


The Crescent and the City of the Sun: Islam and the Renaissance Utopia of Tommaso Campanella: Elie Kedourie Memorial Lecture

Noel Malcolm

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 125, 2003 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263242
eISBN:
9780191734014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263242.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses a new interpretation of Tommaso Campanella's most famous work, the Città del sole, as well as the motivation for the anti-Spanish rebellion in 1599. Campanella, along with a ... More


Human Existence in the Talmud: Thinking as Multiplicity and Heterogeneity

Sergey Dolgopolski

in The Open Past: Subjectivity and Remembering in the Talmud

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823244928
eISBN:
9780823252497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244928.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter justifies disconnecting thinking in the Talmud from a person, either named or anonymous, either historically really, or literary-fictional. More broadly, the chapter disconnects thinking ... More


In Search of the Good Life: A Pedogogy for Troubled Times

Fred Dallmayr

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124575
eISBN:
9780813134994
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124575.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

To whom should we look for moral guidance during times of global violence, scarcity, and corruption? For two millennia, Aristotle's writings have taught that the ethically “good life” is the highest ... More


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