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Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Nicholas Agar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The transformative potential of genetic and cybernetic technologies to enhance human capabilities is most often either rejected on moral and prudential grounds or hailed as the future salvation of ... More


Nature in Us: Humanism and Transhumanism

Gregory E. Kaebnick

in Humans in Nature: The World As We Find It and the World As We Create It

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199347216
eISBN:
9780199347247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347216.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Can it make sense to say that biomedical enhancements to human beings are morally unappealing? This chapter begins by considering what “human nature” must mean in the context of the debate about ... More


Primary Topic Article: Ethics, Eugenics, and Politics

Robert Sparrow

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sketches a political critique of recent arguments for human enhancement. While on paper it may be possible to imagine a world in which the pursuit of genetic enhancement of human beings ... More


Challenging Human Enhancement

Alberto Giubilini and Sagar Sanyal

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter presents an overview of the major lines of debate in the ethics of human enhancement. While permissive and restrictive positions on enhancement can be contrasted, the conservative camp ... More


The Ethics of Human Enhancement: An Overview and Framework

Janice H. Laurence and Joshua A. Carlisle

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter raises some ethical considerations and highlights the debate regarding the burgeoning field of human enhancement (HE) and performance optimization. The topic of human enhancement is ... More


What Is and Is Not Wrong with Enhancement?: Evaluating Sandel’s Views

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Michael Sandel's arguments against certain types of human enhancement in order to determine what is and is not morally wrong with the pursuit of enhancement of the human ... More


Human Enhancement: Conceptual Clarity and Moral Significance

Chris Gyngell and Michael J. Selgelid

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Debates about human enhancement and capacity-altering biotechnologies are often impeded by a lack of clarity about the concept of enhancement. This chapter identifies seven different accounts of ... More


Engineering better humans?

Olle Häggström

in Here Be Dragons: Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198723547
eISBN:
9780191790331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723547.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Engineering better humans through enhancement of our physical, cognitive and perhaps also moral abilities, as well as our longevity, is a possible future development that can be accomplished by ... More


Exclusions in Patent Law as an Indirect Form of Regulation for New Health Technologies in Europe

Amanda Odell‐West

in European Law and New Health Technologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199659210
eISBN:
9780191748165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659210.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Medical Law

This chapter considers the effects of the ‘medical’ and ‘morality’ exclusions in patent law on new health technologies. It begins by outlining the legal framework for patents in Europe and describing ... More


Knowing What to Wish For: Technomoral Wisdom and Human Enhancement Technology

Shannon Vallor

in Technology and the Virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190498511
eISBN:
9780190498542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498511.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the ethical challenges presented by emerging technologies for biomedical human enhancement. Drawing upon the early humanist vision of Pico della Mirandola, I expose the weakness ... More


Moral Enhancement, Enhancement, and Sentiment

Gregory E. Kaebnick

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the case for moral enhancement need not stand or fall depending on how one thinks about human enhancement in general. Indeed, one who is otherwise inclined to leave human ... More


The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Steve Clarke, Julian Savulescu, Tony Coady, Alberto Giubilini, and Sagar Sanyal (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We humans can enhance some of our mental and physical abilities above the normal upper limits for our species with the use of particular drug therapies and medical procedures. We will be able to ... More


Humans in Nature: The World As We Find It and the World As We Create It

Gregory E. Kaebnick

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199347216
eISBN:
9780199347247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347216.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

A growing number of social debates about the environment and about emerging biotechnologies turn partly on claims about the morally desirable level of human intervention into the natural world. Yet ... More


Buchanan and the Conservative Argument against Human Enhancement from Biological and Social Harmony

Steve Clarke

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his recent Beyond Humanity? (2011), Allen Buchanan takes issue with a slew of arguments against human enhancement put forward by prominent conservatives. This chapter discusses his treatment of ... More


Human Enhancement for Whom?

Robert Sparrow

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Whose interests matter when making decisions about what sort of children to have? This question is at the heart of the ethics of reproductive decision-making. If we wish to have a sensible debate ... More


Response to Commentaries: The Real Force of ‘Procreative Beneficence’

Robert Sparrow

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this paper the author responds to criticism of the article “Ethics, Eugenics and Politics” by Yasutaka Iachinokawa, Michelle McGowan, Gareth Jones, and Julian Savulescu. The author argues that ... More


Creaturehood and Deification as Anchors for an Ethics of Gene Editing

Michael Burdett

in Human Flourishing in an Age of Gene Editing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190940362
eISBN:
9780190940379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940362.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers what it means to be human in an era of gene editing technologies, using ideas from philosophical and religious scholarship. I call these ideas “visions of the human being.” ... More


Will cognitive enhancement lead to more well-being? The case of people with disabilities

Heather Bradshaw

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that we can’t know whether a particular morphological change will be an enhancement until we analyze its impact on the well-being of the specific individual undergoing it and ... More


The Geneticization of Achievement

Helga Nowotny and Giuseppe Testa

in Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262014939
eISBN:
9780262295802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014939.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The striving for the improvement of human capabilities is ancient, yet in the overarching continuity of this striving, the possibility of human genetic enhancement is bringing forth new ... More


Classifying Military Personnel as a Vulnerable Population

Efthimios Parasidis

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The U.S. military has a long and checkered history of research involving human subjects. Although federal guidelines and military directives provide service members with procedural safeguards, the ... More


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