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Race and Its Discontents in the Enlightenment

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the more important developments in the history of the concept of race in eighteenth-century Germany. It reveals an inconsistency between the desire to make taxonomic ... More


Introduction

Galen Strawson

in Selves: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198250067
eISBN:
9780191712593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250067.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins by describing the eight parts of the book. It then explores the meaning of ‘I’ and the ‘self’. It argues for the transience view of the self — that there are many ... More


Trouble Defining the Human

C. John Sommerville

in The Decline of the Secular University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306958
eISBN:
9780199850853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306958.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

It is noted that scientists clearly accept human differences. Scientists become easily confused on defining what it means to be human. The current cultural struggle in the academic world is between ... More


Natural Religion and the Sons of Noah: The Society, Human Difference, and Slavery

Travis Glasson

in Mastering Christianity: Missionary Anglicanism and Slavery in the Atlantic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199773961
eISBN:
9780199919017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773961.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter considers how SPG supporters engaged in British and circum-Atlantic debates about the nature of human difference and slavery in the eighteenth century. Building on scholarship stressing ... More


The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Ann Morning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

What do Americans think “race” means? What determines one's race — appearance, ancestry, genes, or culture? How do education, government, and business influence our views on race? To unravel these ... More


Human Population Genomics and the Dilemma of Difference

Jenny Reardon

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0114
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter introduces the theme of bottom-up agency with an account of struggles for authority between socially and scientifically constituted groups of genetic research subjects. It addresses how ... More


Bestiarium Judaicum: Unnatural Histories of the Jews

Jay Geller

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780823275595
eISBN:
9780823277148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823275595.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

Given the vast inventory of verbal and visual images of nonhuman animals (pigs, dogs, vermin, rodents, apes, etc.) disseminated for millennia to debase and bestialize Jews (the Bestiarium Judaicum), ... More


Geographies of Human Difference

in Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226904054
eISBN:
9780226904078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904078.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter considers in particular the part played by knowledge in geography, formulating the central questions posed in the Enlightenment to do with human society, human difference, and human ... More


A Short History of the Race Concept

Michael Yudell

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter describes the role played by scientific thought, from the late eighteenth century through to the twentieth century, in developing a language to measure the meaning of human difference in ... More


Contemporary Muslim Women Interpreters of the Qurʾān: Hermeneutical Approach and Conception of Difference

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

in Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199362783
eISBN:
9780199362806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the hermeneutical and conceptual contributions of three Muslim women interpreters of the Qurʾān: Amina Wadud, Asma Barlas, and Riffat Hassan. It explores their Qurʾān-centered ... More


Introduction

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book recounts the historical development and preservation of the concept of race and examines the role of science, specifically genetics and biological courses, in the making of America's ... More


The Arabic Freud: Psychoanalysis and Islam in Modern Egypt

Omnia El Shakry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174792
eISBN:
9781400888030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174792.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

In 1945, psychologist Yusuf Murad introduced an Arabic term borrowed from the medieval Sufi philosopher and mystic Ibn ʿArabi—al-la-shuʿur—as a translation for Sigmund Freud's concept of the ... More


Conclusion

Silvia Tomášková

in Wayward Shamans: The Prehistory of an Idea

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520275317
eISBN:
9780520955318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275317.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

The conclusion brings the story of shamans into the present by the way of South Africa, where the ethnographic record surrounding San rock art offers a direct connection for prehistory. With the ... More


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