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The Sociobiology of Human Cooperation

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the sociobiology of human cooperation. Given the tendency of people to copy the successful and the fact that natural selection favors the more fit, the chapter asks how our ... More


The Evolution of Strong Reciprocity

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the evolution of strong reciprocity. A predisposition to cooperate and a willingness to punish defectors is known as strong reciprocity, and it is the combination of the two ... More


Conclusion: Human Cooperation and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter reviews the book's main findings about human cooperation, beginning with a discussion of its origins. It shows that humans became a cooperative species because the nature of our ... More


A Cooperative Species

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This book examines the cultural, biological and other processes that explain how humans evolved into an exceptionally cooperative species. It advances two propositions, the first of which deals with ... More


Social Preferences

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines how social preferences contribute to human cooperation. It considers experimental and other evidence showing that even in one-shot interactions many individuals, most in some ... More


The Evolution of Altruism in Humans

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the evolution of altruism in humans. Following William Hamilton, it uses the term “helping” to describe behaviors that confer benefits on others and reserves the term ... More


A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded ... More


Cooperative Homo economicus

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines whether recent advances in the theory of repeated games, as exemplified by the so-called folk theorem and related models, address the shortcomings of the self-interest based ... More


Social Emotions

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the role of social emotions such as guilt and shame in supporting human cooperation, and how these could have evolved. It first models the process by which an emotion such as ... More


The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Kim Sterelny

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book develops a novel account of the speed and extent of human evolutionary divergence from the great ape stock. It does not explain human uniqueness by positing a critical adaptive breakthrough ... More


The Human Cooperation Syndrome

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the interactions between ecological cooperation (especially, but not only, cooperative hunting); informational cooperation/social learning; and reproductive cooperation. It ... More


Human Cooperation among Kin and Close Associates May Require Enforcement of Norms by Third Parties

Sarah Mathew, Robert Boyd, and Matthijs Van Veelen

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

While our capacity for large-scale cooperation is striking, humans also cooperate with kin and close associates much more than most other vertebrates. Existing theories do not satisfactorily explain ... More


Dictators and Ultimatums in an Egalitarian Society of Hunter–Gatherers: The Hadza of Tanzani a

Frank Marlowe

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has often been suggested that the foundation for much human cooperation is the widespread food sharing observed among hunter–gatherers. To investigate this proposition, the study reported here ... More


Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Paul A.M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Reward and punishment is a classic theme in research on social dilemmas. More recently, it has received considerable attention from scientists working in various disciplines such as economics, ... More


Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas: An Introduction

Paul A. M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

While the social dilemma literature has addressed reward and punishment (or sanctioning) for several decades, we have witnessed an enormous growth in research on reward and punishment in social ... More


A Catholic Conversation with Hannah Arendt

James Bernauer, S.J.

in Friends on the Way: Jesuits Encounter Contemporary Judaism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228119
eISBN:
9780823236985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228119.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the theological belief and philosophy of German Jewish theorist Hannah Arendt from a Catholic perspective. It delineates the common ground that Arendt puts forward for human ... More


The Behavioural Economics of Climate Change

Kjell Arne Brekke and Olof Johansson-Stenman

in The Economics and Politics of Climate Change

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199573288
eISBN:
9780191808616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573288.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the economics of climate change from the perspective of behavioural economics: as market data simply reflect the aggregate of human behaviour of participants, understanding this ... More


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