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Philosophical approaches to habitat management

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the various philosophical approaches to habitat management. The fundamental differences between approaches concerns how management aims to create and maintain cultural habitats ... More


Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Cass R. Sunstein and Martha C. Nussbaum (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This book explores the legal and political issues that underlie the campaign for animal rights and the opposition to it. Addressing ethical questions about ownership, protection against unjustified ... More


Neural Bases of Actions and Habits

John P. O’Doherty and Bernard W. Balleine

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Considerable evidence suggests that the behavioral mechanisms for instrumental action selection are mediated by two distinct learning processes: a goal-directed process whereby actions are selected ... More


Effective decisions and their verbal justification

D. E. Broadbent F.R.S.

in Human Factors in Hazardous Situations: Proceedings of a Royal Society Discussion Meeting held on 28 and 29 June 1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521914
eISBN:
9780191688454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521914.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Recent experimental work on the human control of complex systems has drawn attention to the discrepancy that may exist between the person's reported knowledge of the system and their ability to ... More


Handling Real Forms in Real Life

R. M. Steinman, W. Menezes, and A. N. Herst

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is possible to measure human gaze control, especially under restricted conditions. This chapter provides a PowerPoint presentation and propriety eye movement visualization to elaborate on human ... More


Human Trafficking and Border Control in the Global South

Maggy Lee

in The Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669394
eISBN:
9780191748752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669394.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the dominant human trafficking discourse, norms, logics, and forms of border control that have been extended from countries of destination in the North to countries of origin in ... More


Artificial Intelligence and the Ethics of Self-Learning Robots

Shannon Vallor and George A. Bekey

in Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190652951
eISBN:
9780190652982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The convergence of robotics technology with the science of artificial intelligence is rapidly enabling the development of robots that emulate a wide range of intelligent human behaviors. Recent ... More


Information Power: The Information Society from an Antihumanist Perspective

Jack M. Balkin

in The Global Flow of Information: Legal, Social, and Cultural Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814748114
eISBN:
9780814749470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814748114.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter argues that information creates forms of power that may transcend anyone's grasp or use. It asks how the development of increasingly interconnected global networks of power entangle ... More


Autonomous Weapons and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Peter Asaro

in Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190905033
eISBN:
9780190905071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905033.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As the militaries of technologically advanced nations seek to apply increasingly sophisticated AI and automation to weapons technologies, a host of ethical, legal, social, and political questions ... More


Toward the Special Computer Law of Targeting: “Fully Autonomous” Weapons Systems and the Proportionality Test

Masahiro Kurosaki

in Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780197537374
eISBN:
9780197537404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197537374.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

One of the implications of fully autonomous weapons systems (AWS) as an independent decision maker in the targeting process is that a human-centered paradigm should never be taken for granted. ... More


Playing God: What is the Problem?

John Weckert

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To play God is supposedly to do something morally wrong and is a charge levelled at research and development in new technologies that enable, among other things, human enhancement. An attempt will be ... More


Understanding AI and Autonomy: Problematizing the Meaningful Human Control Argument against Killer Robots

Tim McFarland and Jai Galliott

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The physical and temporal removal of the human from the decision to use lethal force underpins many of the arguments against the development of autonomous weapons systems. In response to these ... More


The Human Role in Autonomous Weapon Design and Deployment

M.L. Cummings

in Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Re-Examining the Law and Ethics of Robotic Warfare

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197546048
eISBN:
9780197546079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546048.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

There has been increasing debate in the international community as to whether it is morally and ethically permissible to use autonomous weapons, which are weapon systems that select and fire upon a ... More


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