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What’s Wrong with Their Mice?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the use of animals to explore issues relating to human cognition, emotion, volition, and their pathologies. Researchers who use animal models in their work point to ... More


Strong versus Weak Adaptationism in Cognition and Language

Scott Atran

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the issue of methodological usefulness of a strong versus weak adaptationist position in attempting to gain significant insight and to make scientifically important advances ... More


Different kinds of concepts and different kinds of words: What words do for human cognition

Sandra R. Waxman and Susan A. Gelman

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.06
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that words and concepts are intricately intertwined throughout human development, and that the link between them has important conceptual consequences, motivating us to move ... More


religion is perfectly natural, not naturally perfect

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The cognitive approach to religion is a “naturalness” thesis because cognitive scientists believe that religion is a by-product of the process of ordinary human cognition. Thus, cognition operates in ... More


The Architecture of the Modern Mind

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents an overview of the development and architecture of the human brain, and shows what evolutionary history has to do with the nature of cognition today. Drawing on the perspectives ... More


Constructing the Subject: Cognitive Modeling

Alex Kirlik

in Human-Tech: Ethical and Scientific Foundations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199765140
eISBN:
9780199863358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765140.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter presents the reprinted article “Operator monitoring in a complex, dynamic work environment: a qualitative cognitive model based on field observations” by Kim J. Vicente, Randall J. ... More


Prefrontal Cortex: The Present and the Future

Robert T. Knight and Donald T. Stuss

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0034
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews the current neuropsychological and physiological evidence linking lateral and orbital prefrontal cortex (PFC) to human cognition and social interchange in an attempt to provide a ... More


Organic Unity as the “True Unity” of the Intuitive Intellect

Sally Sedgwick

in Hegel's Critique of Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698363
eISBN:
9780191738692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698363.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hegel describes the ‘true unity’ of the intuitive intellect as ‘organic unity.’ Kant’s idea of organic unity, he says, offers us a model of the ‘identity of the universal and the particular.’ The ... More


Explicit and Implicit Strategies in Decision Making

Christian Keysers, Robert Boyd, Jonathan Cohen, Merlin Donald, Werner Güth, Eric Johnson, Robert Kurzban, Lael J. Schooler, Jonathan Schooler, Elizabeth Spelke, and Julia Trommershäuser

in Better Than Conscious?: Decision Making, the Human Mind, and Implications For Institutions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262195805
eISBN:
9780262272353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195805.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human decision making may be best understood as a triad involving culture, explicit as well as implicit processes. At the level of a single human individual, decision making depends on a variety of ... More


An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This study examines the tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. The book seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the ... More


Conceptual structure

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter is concerned with outlining the nature of conceptual structure as assumed by LCCM Theory. It also addresses the way in which language interfaces with the conceptual system in service of ... More


Networks and the Evolution of Socio-material Differentiation

Carl Knappett

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Ideas of ‘distributed mind’ are invaluable to archaeology in explaining the intimate involvement of artefacts in human cognition. Much of the work in this domain, however, focuses on proximate ... More


Some Observations about Evaluative Cognition

John L. Pollock

in Thinking about Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304817
eISBN:
9780199850907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304817.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter consists of some miscellaneous observations about evaluative cognition. They are of some interest, but they are inessential to the rest of the theory. By and large, they deal with highly ... More


Human Cognitive Capabilities, Representativeness, and Ground Rules for Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the rejection of human capability to perform probabilistic tasks is extremely premature. Studies which are often cited as showing that people perform such tasks poorly can be ... More


Reasoning in the real world: how much deduction is there?

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that a deductive competence theory is central to human cognition both has a long pedigree and is widely held by many leading figures in the psychology of reasoning. This chapter argues ... More


Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Patrick Haggard

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is dedicated to exploring how much of higher cognitive function can be explained by reduction to simpler sensorimotor processes. It uses a series of specific cognitive domains to examine ... More


A comparative approach to understanding human numerical cognition

Kerry E. Jordan and Elizabeth M. Brannon

in The Origins of Object Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216895
eISBN:
9780191696039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216895.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Language does not necessarily support all human cognition. Comparative research continues to uncover the links between the cognitive abilities of humans and other animal species that lack language. ... More


All Is in Order

John Sweller

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapters in this book provide an extensive survey of the viewpoints and methodologies that have been and can be used to study order effects in learning. Either implicitly or explicitly, each ... More


Comparative Neuropsychology

A. David Milner (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book has been prepared as a tribute to the late George Ettlinger, one of the leading figures in comparative neuropsychology research over the last forty years, and reflects research in the many ... More


Painting, Planning, and Perceiving

Andy Clark

in Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333213
eISBN:
9780199868858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333213.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

‘Strongly sensorimotor’ models of perception state that perceptual experience gains its content and character courtesy of an agent's implicit knowledge of the ways sensory stimulation will vary as a ... More


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