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Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Todd Tremlin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book provides an introduction to the cognitive science of religion, a new discipline of study that explains the origins and persistence of religious ideas and behavior on the basis of evolved ... More


What’s Wrong with Their Mice?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the use of animals to explore issues relating to human cognition, emotion, volition, and their pathologies. Researchers who use animal models in their work point to ... More


Language Universals in the Brain: How Linguistic Are They?

Müller Ralph-Axel

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter asks how the kind of language universals discussed in the previous chapters might be instantiated in human brains. It distinguishes between “shallow” and “deep” universals in cognition, ... More


Sex Differences in Brain Aging and Alzheimer’s Disorders

Susan Resnick and Ira Driscoll

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the morphological and physiological sex differences in the human brain. Recent progress in neuroimaging technology holds the promise of elucidating the neuroanatomic and ... More


Broca’s Area in the Human and the Nonhuman Primate Brain

Michael Petrides

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by examining the gross morphology of the inferior frontal region of the human brain within which the Broca's area lies. It then examines the architectonic areas that are occupying ... More


Engineering the brain

Kenneth R. Foster

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ethical issues raised by new technologies that allow investigators to monitor and control the brain, and how they are distinctive from those raised by other medical ... More


A picture is worth 1000 words, but which 1000?

Judy Illes, Eric Racine, and Matthew P. Kirschen

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a brief review of technological capabilities for imaging the brain with an emphasis on functional methods, and explores the range of applications for which they have been used. ... More


Tissue‐Driven Hypothesis of Genomic Evolution

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Understanding the underlying regulatory mechanism is a fundamental step to exploring the emergence of genome complexity. An important issue is the role of tissue-specific factors in genomic ... More


On How Adult Cerebral Plasticity Research Has Decoupled Pathology from Death

Tobias Rees

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first focuses on Alain Prochiantz, professor at the École Normale Supérieure, and his lab’s efforts to think about the adult human brain in embryogenetic terms. It then covers the ... More


The social brain hypothesis: An evolutionary perspective on the neurobiology of social behaviour

Susanne Shultz and R.I.M. Dunbar

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter defends a version of the social brain hypothesis, focusing especially on the cognitive powers involved in the ‘Theory of Mind’ that humans are thought to deploy in order to attribute ... More


Optical Imaging of Brain Function

Gabriele Gratton and Monica Fabiani

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the use of noninvasive optical imaging methods in studying human brain function, with a view toward their possible applications to neuroergonomics. Topics discussed include the ... More


Automaticity, Plasticity, and the Deviant Origins of Artificial Intelligence

David Bates

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to the historical and conceptual foundations of the digital brain itself, arguing that the construction of a plastic computational machine at the dawn of the digital age entailed ... More


The anatomy of the brain

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In general, an animal's brain size is in direct proportion to its body size, hence humans have bigger brains than other primates. The issue, however, is not the relativity of the brain sizes but how ... More


What is special about the human brain?

Richard Passingham

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is plausible that evolution could have created the human skeleton, but it is hard to believe that it created the human mind. Yet, in six or seven million years, evolution came up with Homo ... More


Plastic Diagrams: Circuits in the Brain and How They Got There

Joseph Dumit

in Plasticity and Pathology: On the Formation of the Neural Subject

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823266135
eISBN:
9780823266975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823266135.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Flowcharts have long been used by researchers to represent the circuits that purportedly make up our brain. This chapter presents a genealogy of these diagrams, inquiring into where these practices ... More


Brain glycolipids: insights from genetic modifications of biosynthetic enzymes

Ronald L. Schnaar

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the biosynthesis and roles of the brain glycolipids. It first describes various glycolipids present in the brain. It then describes the phenotype of knockout mice for those ... More


Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Jeffrey Gray

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How does conscious experience arise out of the functioning of the human brain? How is it related to the behaviour that it accompanies? How does the perceived world relate to the real world? Between ... More


Spatial Cognition

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214617
eISBN:
9780191706493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214617.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses spatial cognition in humans. It examines the study by Levinson (2003) which identified diversities in human spatial cognition. It compares the findings on spatial cognition ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music offers a unique opportunity to understand better the organization of the human brain. Like language, music exists in all human societies. Like language, music is a complex, rule-governed ... More


Sensibility and Understanding

Edward M. Hundert

in Philosophy Psychiatry and Neuroscience: A Synthetic Analysis of the Varieties of Human Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248965
eISBN:
9780191681165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248965.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter demonstrates how the evolving ‘model of the mind’ fits comfortably into the human brain. A comfortable fit is all propose, since both the synthetic analysis and the field of neuroscience ... More


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