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The Use of Animals in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the use of animals in research. It provides a brief history of animal research and examines the ethical arguments for and against animal experimentation. The chapter discusses ... More


Bestia Sacer and Agamben's Anthropological Machine: Biomedical/Legal Taxonomies as Somatechnologies of Human and Nonhuman Animals’ Ethico-Political Relations

Robin Mackenzie

in Law and Anthropology: Current Legal Issues Volume 12

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199580910
eISBN:
9780191723025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580910.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter shows how Giorgio Agamben's anthropological machine not only deploys ascriptions of animality in order to include or exclude humans, but also assigns apparent similarities with, and ... More


Befriending Man's Best Friends: Does Altruism Toward Animals Promote Psychological and Physical Health?

Marivic Dizon, Lisa D. Butler, and Cheryl Koopman

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In recent decades, researchers in the health and social science fields have begun investigating the psychological and physical health benefits of the human-animal bond, which can be described as a ... More


Relationship and Reciprocity: A Metaphysics of Nature

Joseph Epes Brown and Emily Cousins

in Teaching Spirits: Understanding Native American Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195138757
eISBN:
9780199871759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138757.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter focuses on Native Americans' belief about nature. It shows that Native Americans do not dichotomize human and animal, natural and supernatural. Typical Western distinctions between ... More


Embodiment

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is the relationship between an embodied human subject and the human animal which sustains the subject's mental capacities? After distinguishing the main ingredients of phenomenal embodiment ... More


You Sexy Beast: Animals and Sexuality in Western Discourse

Tok Thompson

in Posthuman Folklore

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496825087
eISBN:
9781496825131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496825087.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Why do we use animals to talk about our own human sexuality? Sexual desires, thoughts, and actions are said to reflect our “animal nature”, revealing strongly held cultural ideas about humans, ... More


Agricultural animals

Susanne Waiblinger

in Anthrozoology: Human-Animal Interactions in Domesticated and Wild Animals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198753629
eISBN:
9780191815225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753629.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Farm animals have had a crucial role in human development and have been of high importance until now in many diverse farming systems. For the future, animal production poses substantial opportunities ... More


 The Festival of the Goddess Vatsalā

Axel Michaels

in Siva in Trouble: Festivals and Rituals at the Pasupatinatha Temple of Deopatan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195343021
eISBN:
9780199866984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343021.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter explores the main festival of Deopatan, the Vatsalājātrā, i.e. the rituals and processions that celebrate the goddess Vatsalā who is regarded as both an independent deity and the consort ... More


Animal Relatives, Difficult Relations

Barbara Herrnstein Smith

in Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth and the Human

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620234
eISBN:
9780748671670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620234.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers two sets of difficulties involving humans' relations to animals: first, those arising chronically from our complex and ambivalent psychological relations to the animals we ... More


Anthrozoology: Human-Animal Interactions in Domesticated and Wild Animals

Geoff Hosey and Vicky Melfi (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198753629
eISBN:
9780191815225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753629.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Anthrozoology, the study of human–animal interactions (HAIs), has experienced substantial growth during the past twenty years and it is now timely to synthesise what we know from empirical evidence ... More


Zoo animals

Samantha Ward and Sally Sherwen

in Anthrozoology: Human-Animal Interactions in Domesticated and Wild Animals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198753629
eISBN:
9780191815225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753629.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

With the number of zoos increasing worldwide, there are now growing opportunities for human–animal interactions (HAIs) in zoos. HAIs occur throughout the day, every day, with variations in their ... More


Animal Kin

Louise Westling

in The Logos of the Living World: Merleau-Ponty, Animals, and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823255658
eISBN:
9780823261208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823255658.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Beginning with attention to the anxious exploration of human relations with other animals and wildness in The Epic of Gilgamesh and Euripides’s Bacchae, this chapter engages the question of the ... More


‘I'll see their trial first’: Law and Disorder in Lear's Animal Kingdom

Andreas Höfele

in Stage, Stake, and Scaffold: Humans and Animals in Shakespeare's Theatre

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199567645
eISBN:
9780191731075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567645.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Shakespeare’s arguably most searching investigation into the nature of the human, King Lear, also offers his most varied and polysemous zoology. Older interpretations that see in the play a telos of ... More


The Evolution of Consciousness

Euan Macphail

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Are non-human animals conscious? When do babies begin to feel pain? What function is served by consciousness? What evidence could resolve these issues? These questions are tackled by exploring ... More


Animality, Language, and Truth

Vanessa Lemm

in Nietzsche's Animal Philosophy: Culture, Politics, and the Animality of the Human Being

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230273
eISBN:
9780823235469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230273.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that Friedrich Nietzsche's criticism on metaphysics aims at a renewal of the meaning of philosophy as the pursuit of truth. It contends that throughout his ... More


Animal Skins

Constance Classen

in The Deepest Sense: A Cultural History of Touch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252034930
eISBN:
9780252094408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252034930.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses how humans dealt with animals through the sense of touch. After all, intimate contact with animals was part of daily life in the premodern world. They were everywhere; and ... More


Introduction: Animal Alterity: Science Fiction and Human–Animal Studies

in Animal Alterity: Science Fiction and the Question of the Animal

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312342
eISBN:
9781846316135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846312342.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book explores the many ways in which animals are present in science fiction literature. It reviews a variety of science fiction texts with animal themes, comparing and contrasting ways in which ... More


What Is Conceptual Understanding?

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with an overview and a taxonomy of philosophical accounts of intentionality and conceptual understanding. Differences among these views often cause confusion: debates between John ... More


Order, Karma, and Kinship: Animals in Japanese History and Culture

Barbara R. Ambros

in Bones of Contention: Animals and Religion in Contemporary Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836269
eISBN:
9780824871512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836269.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter provides a historical overview and discourse analysis of animals in premodern Japanese myth, folklore, and religion. It first considers the conflicting views on human–animal ... More


Creatures and Cosmopolitans: Before “the Animal”

Laurie Shannon

in The Accommodated Animal: Cosmopolity in Shakespearean Locales

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226924168
eISBN:
9780226924182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924182.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

Charles Darwin’s work laid out his case for a “community of descent” between humans and animals in 1871. For years, there were two major resources that converged to shape the notion of “the ... More


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