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Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions ... More


Measuring and Analyzing Employment Performance

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes a way to conceptualize and measure employment performance. It argues that to assess employment performance since the late 1970s, the most useful measure is employment change. ... More


Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court: An Empirical Approach

Lawrence Wrightsman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195368628
eISBN:
9780199867554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368628.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Of all the activities done by the Supreme Court justices as they form their decisions on important cases, the oral arguments are the only step in the process visible to the public. Despite this ... More


A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Nancy Woloch

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book explores the historical role and influence of protective legislation for American women workers, both as a step toward modern labor standards and as a barrier to equal rights. Spanning the ... More


Chapter Chapter Developments in Phased Retirement

Robert Hutchens and Kerry L. Papps

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explores why employers might permit phased retirement only after employees officially retire. This issue is addressed based on interviews with close to 1,000 establishments regarding ... More


 Northern Panels of the Northern Path: Transforming Power

D. Dennis Hudson

in The Body of God: An Emperor's Palace for Krishna in Eighth Century Kanchipuram

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369229
eISBN:
9780199871162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369229.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The six panels facing north in the middle‐floor sanctum document the different stages of purification of consciousness within the devotee during the predawn “Brahma's hour.” This chapter examines ... More


The Uses and Abuses of Time

Shehzad Nadeem

in Dead Ringers: How Outsourcing Is Changing the Way Indians Understand Themselves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147871
eISBN:
9781400836697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147871.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how transnational companies make use of what it calls time arbitrage—the exploitation of time discrepancies between geographical labor markets to make a profit. The extension of ... More


Ethical considerations for the scheduling of work in continuous operations: physicians in training as a case study

C.A. Czeisler

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the barriers that has repeatedly derailed attempts to address the issue of work-hour restrictions is the long hours worked by resident physicians during training. It is very difficult for ... More


Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Tito Boeri, Michael Burda, and Francis Kramarz (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In the last fifty years, the gap in labour productivity between Europe and the US has narrowed considerably with estimates in 2005 suggesting a EU-US labour productivity gap of about 5%. Yet, average ... More


Second Report on Work on the Fragments of the Stundenritual (Ritual of the Hours of the Day) in TT 223

Erhart Graefe

in Tombs of the South Asasif Necropolis: New Discoveries and Research 2012-2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789774167249
eISBN:
9781617976780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167249.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter discusses the reconstruction work on the fragments of the Stundenritual (Ritual of the Hours of the Day) in the tomb of Karakhamun. Research was carried out in August 2013 and continued ... More


Changes to the Employment and Treatment of Regular Employees

Marcus Rebick

in The Japanese Employment System: Adapting to a New Economic Environment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199247240
eISBN:
9780191602566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247242.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Examines changes that have been taking place in the treatment of regular full-time workers in Japan. Among the developments examined are the introduction of performance-related pay, flattening of the ... More


Chapter Chapter Work and Retirement Plans Among Older Americans

Katharine G. Abraham and Susan N. Houseman

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on older individuals' plans for retirement and the realization of those plans. Using HRS data, the widespread interest among workers approaching retirement age in cutting back on ... More


The Impact of Time Spent Working and Job Fit on Well-Being Around the World

James K. Harter and Raksha Arora

in International Differences in Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199732739
eISBN:
9780199776887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732739.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Based on Gallup World Poll data collected in seven regions of the world, this chapter studies the relationship between hours worked, perceived job fit, and well-being. Workers who are in more ... More


A Class by Herself: Muller v. Oregon (1908)

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter assesses Muller v. Oregon (1908), its significance, and the law it upheld: Oregon's ten-hour law of 1903. Convicted of violating Oregon's law of 1903 that barred the employment of women ... More


“I’m Michael Jackson, You Tito”: Kung-Fu Fighters and Hip-Hop Buddies in Martial Arts Buddy Films

Chong Chon-Smith

in East Meets Black: Asian and Black Masculinities in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628462050
eISBN:
9781626745292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462050.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter argues that the rise of martial arts genre has wide appeal for racialized communities and young audiences because it is the genre of the underdog. The martial arts film had its ... More


Understanding Transatlantic Differences in Working Hours

Tito Boeri

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the reasons behind the major gap in labour productivity between the US and Europe. In Europe, there are both relatively fewer people at work (a lower employment to population ... More


Time Use and Work Timing Inside and Outside the Market

Michael C. Burda, Daniel S. Hamermesh, and Philippe Weil

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines data describing the time that people spend in each of the many activities that make up their day. It focuses on data from the late 1980s and early 1990s, and from the early ... More


Working Time Developments in Germany

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The length of the standard workweek has been a contentious topic in Germany over the past thirty years. In the 1980s and 1990s, trade unions reached agreements to reduce normal hours, in order to ... More


The Two French Work‐Sharing Experiments: Employment and Productivity Effects

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines workweek reductions experiments in France. Using the 1982 workweek reduction, it is shown that work-sharing policies, per se, do not work. Put differently, they are not apt to ... More


Work‐Sharing, Part‐Time Employment, and Childcare

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel, and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA: Are Europeans Lazy? Or Americans Crazy?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231027
eISBN:
9780191710834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231027.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter gives an overview of how work-sharing was implemented in the Netherlands. It shows that its employment effects were limited. However, work-sharing in the early 1980s was responsible for ... More


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