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Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In this book, Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd make the case that hot spots policing is an effective approach to crime prevention that should be engaged by police departments in the United ... More


Introduction

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This introductory chapter introduces the idea of hot spots policing by tracing its origins to two key studies in the development of modern police strategies. In 1974, the Kansas City Preventive ... More


Conclusion: Improving Policing by Focusing on Problem Places

Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

in Policing Problem Places: Crime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195341966
eISBN:
9780199866847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Research suggests that it is time for police to shift from person‐based policing to hot spots policing. While such a shift is largely an evolution in trends that have begun over the last few decades, ... More


Ignition and burn

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter analyses ignition and thermonuclear burn in some detail. It first considers the simplest case of a preassembled, spherically symmetric configuration with high average density and a ... More


Energy gain

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Energy gain of ICF targets is modelled for different ignition configurations, such as isobaric ignition from a hot spot leading to propagating burn into cold fuel. Gain curves are presented, ... More


The Criminology of Place: Street Segments and Our Understanding of the Crime Problem

David Weisburd, Elizabeth R. Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195369083
eISBN:
9780199979110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369083.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The study of crime has focused primarily on why particular people commit crime or why specific communities have higher crime levels than others. This book presents a new and different way of looking ... More


Phonon interactions with magnetically quantized two-dimensional carrier systems: the integer and fractional quantum Hall states

C.J. Mellor, W. Dietsche, and L.J. Challis

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes investigations of the interaction of phonons with magnetically quantized two-dimensional (2-D) electron systems including the quantum Hall states, with particular attention to ... More


Fast ignition

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The concept of fast ignition of inertial fusion targets is to separate fuel compression from fuel ignition and to ignite precompressed fuel by a separate external beam acting as an injected trigger. ... More


Spatial Scaling III: Understanding Place Criminology and Hot Spots

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter uses the modified boat metamodel from Chapter 4 as a lens for examining the assumptions behind the “criminology of place.” The view here is that place criminology is useful for tertiary ... More


Understanding Developmental Patterns of Crime at Street Segments

David Weisburd, Elizabeth R. Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang

in The Criminology of Place: Street Segments and Our Understanding of the Crime Problem

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195369083
eISBN:
9780199979110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369083.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores the basic relationships between the developmental patterns of crime described in Chapter 3 and social disorganization and opportunity variables identified in Chapters 5 and 6. ... More


Are Processes of Social Disorganization Relevant to the Criminology of Place?

David Weisburd, Elizabeth R. Groff, and Sue-Ming Yang

in The Criminology of Place: Street Segments and Our Understanding of the Crime Problem

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195369083
eISBN:
9780199979110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369083.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines whether social disorganization theory is relevant to the criminology of place. Do characteristics of social disorganization cluster at a very local level of geography? Are there ... More


Island Hot Spots: The Challenge of Climate Change

David Bramwell

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

More than 50 percent of the world's plant species and 42 percent of all terrestrial vertebrate species are endemic to the thirty-four biodiversity hot spots. Islands are of particular importance in a ... More


“Own the Place, Own the Crime” Prevention: How Evidence about Place-Based Crime Shifts the Burden of Prevention

John E. Eck and Rob T. Guerette

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

When police focus on small high-crime areas—hot spots—they can reduce crime, at least in the short term. But what about interventions that alter the physical and social environment of the place and ... More


Urban Biodiversity

Gail Hansen and Joseli Macedo

in Urban Ecology for Citizens and Planners

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781683402527
eISBN:
9781683403371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683402527.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Biodiversity concepts have been challenged recently by a more complex view that diversity of species traits, and not just their abundance, is important for ecological function. The concept of ... More


Telling Moments: Narrative Hot Spots in Accounts of Criminal Acts

Patricia E. O’Connor

in Narrative Criminology: Understanding Stories of Crime

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479876778
eISBN:
9781479895731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876778.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explains that most of the prisoners’ autobiographical narratives have hot spots—speakers’ choices of words, scenes and the like. Speakers construct a showcasing of their previous events, ... More


Environmental Justice: The Mercury Connection

Jerome Nriagu, Niladri Basu, and Simone Charles

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For many communities, exposure to mercury through fish consumption is an exemplary case of environmental injustice. Groups that rely on fishing for food, cultural identity, spiritual wellbeing, or ... More


Biogeography of the Hawaiian Islands: The Global Context

Michael Heads

in Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271968
eISBN:
9780520951808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271968.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Hawaiian biota is often explained as the result of dispersal from Asian and American mainlands, either direct or by island hopping. Models of intraplate volcanism include the mantle plume/hot ... More


“Hot Spots” and Dynamic Coordination in Gestalt Perception

Ilona Kovács

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter examines dynamic coordination in Gestalt perception by focusing on the problem of accumulating local errors and the trade-off between spatial and temporal resolution in pictorial ... More


The “Secret Recipe” of Galápagos

William H. Durham

in Exuberant Life: An Evolutionary Approach to Conservation in Galápagos

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197531518
eISBN:
9780197531549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197531518.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Galápagos tortoises demonstrate the special “creative force” of evolution in the archipelago, having radiated into 15 species—each with a characteristic shell shape—within the last 3.2 million years. ... More


Observations

Ron Astor and Rami Benbenishty

in Mapping and Monitoring Bullying and Violence: Building a Safe School Climate

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190847067
eISBN:
9780197559840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847067.003.0014
Subject:
Education, Care and Counseling of Students

Observations occur in school every day but are often not planned, systematic, or recorded for the purpose of improving school climate. Observations, however, can be a valuable source of information ... More


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