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Occupying Armies and Civilian Populations in Nineteenth‐Century Europe

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the second of three chapters that set out the differing contexts through which the dilemma in the laws of war over the distinction between lawful and unlawful combatants can be viewed: ... More


Polybius among the Romans: Life in the Cyclops' Cave

Andrew Erskine

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter treats Polybius' sixteen-year detention in Rome following the Third Macedonian War and asks what it meant to be a detainee in Rome. Consequently, although the chapter focuses on ... More


First Measures

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

Historical precedents and international agreements provided scant protect to the inhabitants of an occupied territory during World War II. Although noble in design, the Hague Convention used vague ... More


Resistance and Reprisals

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

On the morning of 21 August 1941, French Communist Party activists launched a wave of symbolic assassinations by shooting Alfons Moser, a young German naval cadet. Although preoccupied by events on ... More


The End of Ambiguity

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

Assassinations in Nantes and Bordeaux on 20 and 21 October 1941 placed General von Stülpnagel and the military administration in the center of a political firestorm. Using assassinations as a pretext ... More


Frankenstein, Texaco, Nicaro, and a Toughened Attitude

Thomas G. Paterson

in Contesting Castro: The United States and the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195101201
eISBN:
9780199854189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101201.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As long as the Americans remained abducted in the mountains, Batista's forces and planes were down. “One American is worth an anti-aircraft battery,” a rebel lieutenant stated. The Batista ... More


Citizens of the Nation

Haimanti Roy

in Partitioned Lives: Migrants, Refugees, Citizens in India and Pakistan, 1947-65

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081777
eISBN:
9780199081875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081777.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines the processes and legislations in India that sought to clear up such confusions. Although the laws defining citizenship came to be established by the Citizenship Act of 1955, ... More


Introduction

Paul J. E. Kershaw

in Peaceful Kings: Peace, Power and the Early Medieval Political Imagination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780198208709
eISBN:
9780191594731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208709.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The preface sets out the historical questions pursued through the rest of the book: what did it mean to talk about peace in the centuries following the end of the Roman Empire in the West? What role ... More


The 1980s: Developing Hostility and the Origins of the Islamic Republic’s Nuclear Programme

Steven Hurst

in The United States and the Iranian Nuclear Programme: A Critical History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780748682638
eISBN:
9781474453912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748682638.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chronologically, Chapter Two focuses on the 1980s, but the main theme of the chapter is the development of mutual antipathy between Iran and the United States. This development is traced through an ... More


The Culture of Hostage-Taking

Valery Tishkov

in Chechnya: Life in a War-Torn Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520238879
eISBN:
9780520930209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238879.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter highlights the culture of hostage-taking in Chechnya. The lucrative business of holding hostages for ransom developed among Chechens during the first war, and after the peace agreement, ... More


The Myth and Reality of the “great Victory”

Valery Tishkov

in Chechnya: Life in a War-Torn Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520238879
eISBN:
9780520930209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238879.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter analyzes postwar Chechen society. Certain aspects of this period are self-evident, including the devastated infrastructure, a thorough economic collapse, a mass exodus from the republic, ... More


Love at breaking point: ‘What have I got to do to make you love me?’

Aaron Ben-Zéev and Ruhama Goussinsky

in In The Name of Love: Romantic ideology and its victims

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566496
eISBN:
9780191693595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566496.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The essential role of love in our life and our profound personal involvement in love makes breakup of intimate relations and divorce very painful — particularly so when this separation involves ... More


An Archaeology of Media Spectacle, 1974–2008

Alexander L. Fattal

in Guerrilla Marketing: Counterinsurgency and Capitalism in Colombia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226590509
eISBN:
9780226590783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226590783.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the question: how did the state come to believe that branding could help defeat the FARC? It goes back in history to trace mediatization of the Colombian conflict, that is the ... More


Kidnap: Inside the Ransom Business

Anja Shortland

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198815471
eISBN:
9780191853159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815471.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems, Public and Welfare

Every year thousands of people are kidnapped for ransom. Their families, friends, or employers are forced into a fiendishly complex and harrowing transaction with violent criminals to retrieve them. ... More


“Strong Measures, Deemed Indispensable but Harsh at Best”: Retaliation and Guerrilla Warfare

Burrus M. Carnahan

in Lincoln on Trial: Southern Civilians and the Law of War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125695
eISBN:
9780813135380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125695.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines President Lincoln's attitude toward counter-guerrilla tactics, which could include the execution of civilian hostages in retaliation for unlawful enemy actions. Most of the ... More


After the Invasion: A Reading of Jeremiah 40-44

Keith Bodner

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198743002
eISBN:
9780191802904
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743002.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The last act of Jeremiah’s eventful career takes place in the wake of Babylonian destruction, as he is part of a contingent left behind in the land of Judah after the invasion. Jer 40–44 is not among ... More


Rookie

Jennifer C. Hunt

in Seven Shots: An NYPD Raid on a Terrorist Cell and Its Aftermath

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226360904
eISBN:
9780226360911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226360911.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Despite being a fast, fluid, tactic police officer, Keith Ryan never expected he would be a cop until in 1986 he decided to take the test to become a New York police officer. It did not take long for ... More


The Journalist & Memoirist

Gene H. Bell-Villada

in García Márquez: The Man and His Work

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833513
eISBN:
9781469604473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895382_bell-villada.20
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

In this chapter, García Márquez's foray into investigative journalism through his writing of News of a Kidnapping is the main focus. News is considered to be the most “Colombian” of all of García ... More


The Marches

Brendan Smith

in Crisis and Survival in Late Medieval Ireland: The English of Louth and Their Neighbours, 1330-1450

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199594757
eISBN:
9780191756313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594757.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The towns of Louth used the marches to gain concessions from the crown and tried to control trade with the Irish there. The Irish suffered discrimination in the towns and efforts were made in town ... More


Hostage to the News

Joel Simon

in The New Censorship: Inside the Global Battle for Media Freedom

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160643
eISBN:
9780231538336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160643.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter talks about the emergence of the risk of institutionalized and currently ritualized kidnapping. These involve the use hostage videos to exert political pressure and secure ransoms, and ... More


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