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The Monsters and the Critics: Theodicyand Horrendous Evils

Philip Tallon

in The Poetics of Evil: Toward an Aesthetic Theodicy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778935
eISBN:
9780199919109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778935.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Finally, this chapter looks at horrendous evils, an aesthetic theme in theodicy that has often been used as an attack on the existence of God, but has recently been used in the work of Marilyn McCord ... More


Four Important Objections

Michael J. Almeida

in Freedom, God, and Worlds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199640027
eISBN:
9780191741937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640027.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is the aim of this chapter to observe and note additional implications of the impossibility arguments. The arguments provide the resources to resolve several other atheological problems. The ... More


Applying the Analogies: Causing for Pure Benefits

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using an ethical framework constructed out of the two variables of whether an agent causes, permits, or risks horrendous evils, and whether she does so in order to bestow pure benefit or in order to ... More


Arguments from Evil

Tim Mulgan

in Purpose in the Universe: The moral and metaphysical case for Ananthropocentric Purposivism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199646142
eISBN:
9780191813993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646142.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops two arguments from evil that Ananthropocentric Purposivism can borrow. These are based on animal suffering and the horrendous evils that humans inflict on one another. The ... More


Understanding Evil

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

We should think with both ‘the heart’ (that is, passionately) and ‘the head’ (that is, with care). If we think passionately and consider particular cases, we have an enormously powerful urge to ... More


Applying the Analogies: Permission and Risk; Benefit Production and Harm Avoidance

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using an ethical framework constructed out of the two variables of whether an agent causes, permits, or risks horrendous evils, and whether she does so in order to bestow pure benefit or in order to ... More


Introduction: The Problem of Horrendous Evils

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter introduces the problem of evil and then the more specific problem of horrendous evil (that is, the argument that the existence of horrendous evils makes the existence of God impossible ... More


High Fall Theodicy

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter assesses the theodicies identified in the previous chapter as structurally promising (i.e. as depicting God as ethically in the clear on the assumption that the explanatory story told by ... More


The Local Argument from Evil

Peter van Inwagen

in The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Local arguments from evil proceed not from a premise about ‘all the evils of the world’, but from a premise about a single horrible event. They take the form, ‘If there were a God, that would not ... More


God Changes

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

The Primordial God is an agent whose power is unlimited of its kind. This chapter argues that if creation was part of the act of the Primordial God, then God has subsequently no power to overrule the ... More


The Ethics of Horror Inducement

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter analyzes the concepts of harm and benefit. There is a tendency in the literature on the metaphysics of harm to assume symmetric accounts of harm and benefit. But there are deep ... More


Non-Identity Theodicy

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter develops Non-Identity Theodicy—that is, theodicy primarily claiming that our existence as the individuals we are depends on God’s policy of evil and suffering allowance. Non-Identity ... More


Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Vince R. Vitale

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book develops Non-Identity Theodicy as an original response to the problem of evil. It begins by recognizing that horrendous evils pose distinctive challenges for belief in God. To home in on ... More


Conclusion: Distinctive Features of Non-Identity Theodicy

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This concluding chapter takes a step back to consider the place of Non-Identity Theodicy in the contemporary theodicy literature. It recaps the key areas of overemphasis and underemphasis in ... More


Two New Versions of Skeptical Theism

Andrew Cullison

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends two new versions of skeptical theism that avoid the “Reasoning About God Problem.” Traditional skeptical theists appeal to an epistemic principle to argue that one cannot infer ... More


The Good of Life: How Much Moral Difference Does Non-Identity Make?

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter considers the implications of Non-Identity Theodicy for divine morality. This requires assessing the extent to which the moral status of a harm inducing action can be affected by the ... More


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