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Exogenous Hormones

JAMES V. LACEY, GRAHAM A. COLDITZ, and DAVID SCHOTTENFELD

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between exogenous hormones and cancer. It focuses on estrogen and progesterone effects on tissues of the breast, endometrium, uterine cervix, ovary, and colon. All ... More


 Nonreproductive Health Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables that arise in the health care of women who are HIV positive or have AIDS, women with breast or gynecological cancer, and the use of hormone replacement therapy for ... More


Systemic therapy: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the different methods of systematic therapy, with stress on the importance of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biological therapy in palliative care. Systemic therapy is ... More


Endometrial Cancer

Immaculata Devivo, Ingemar Persson, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endometrial cancer occurs mostly after the menopause and has an excellent prognosis. The age-standardized incidence varies at least ten-fold across countries, suggesting the strong influence of ... More


Epidemiologic Theory Counts: Harm, Knowledge, Action, and the People’s Health

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 8 analyzes how people's health has been harmed—or helped—depending on epidemiologic theory employed. For “harm,” case examples are: (1) hormone therapy, cardiovascular disease, and breast ... More


In Praise of Randomisation: The Importance of Causality in Medicine and its Subversion by Philosophers of Science

DAVID COLQUHOUN

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

The job of scientists is to try to distinguish what is true from what is false by means of observation and experiment. That job has been made difficult by some philosophers of science who appear to ... More


Sex Hormonal Effects on Hemispheric Asymmetry and Interhemispheric Interaction

Markus Hausmann and Ulrike Bayer

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0176
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter explains the influence of sex hormones on hemispheric asymmetry and interhemispheric integration. It shows that sex hormones are important modulators of performance asymmetries and that ... More


Menopause and gynaecological disorders: a life course perspective

Rebecca Hardy and Diana Kuh

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the factors at each stage of life that affect timing of the menopause, common urogenital disorders and the decision to have a hysterectomy, and the level of symptomatology ... More


Estrogenic Regulation of Synaptic Health and Cognition in Aging Rhesus Monkeys

Johanna L. Crimins, Yuko Hara, and John H. Morrison

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A compelling case can be made for estrogen’s role in maintaining synaptic health in the context of cognitive aging. This chapter first reviews clinical literature pertinent to estrogenic actions on ... More


Estrogen Treatment in Alzheimer’s Disease: Translational Implications of Estrogenic Regulation of Memory for Aging and Disease

Kelly N. Morgan and Carey E. Gleason

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

An effort to mitigate the cumbersome physiological, cognitive, and psychological changes that naturally occur during the menopausal transition has been ongoing for decades. Discrepant findings of ... More


Hormone Therapy in Postmenopausal Women: The Women’s Health Initiative and Its Continuing Impact on Research and Practice

Ira Driscoll, Stephen R. Rapp, Karen C. Johnson, and Mark A. Espeland

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Before 2002, hormone therapy (HT) was commonly prescribed to restore naturally diminishing hormonal levels during and after menopause. HT was also thought to prevent many health conditions faced by ... More


The pain clinic and palliative oncology

R.J. DUNLOP and J.M. HOCKLEY

in Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

There are three services that a palliative care team may be specifically involved with: the pain clinic, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. This chapter reviews the contribution of these services to ... More


Hormones and Disease: contested knowledge of exogenous hormones in the evaluation of oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy

Klim McPherson

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes a half-century of research and debate over the synthesis of exogenous hormones for oral contraception and replacement therapy, together with associated risks of heart disease ... More


Estrogen and Other Cognition-Enhancing Drugs

Pamela M. Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman

in Nurturing the Older Brain and Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017145
eISBN:
9780262301336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017145.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the pros and cons of using estrogen and cognition-enhancing drugs in treating neuropsychiatric conditions, and presents health risks related to a decrease in estrogen levels in ... More


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