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Concluding observations, with steps toward neuroscience

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter emphasizes a level of analysis at which subdivisions are avoided until shown to be fundamental. It helps especially in investigations of short-term memory, selective attention, and the ... More


Mind, Brain, and the Unconscious

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter explores the general nature of mental states such as belief, desire, and intentions, and their relation to brain states It does this through an extended analysis of the Freudian theory of ... More


The Director: Self as The Unifyingcontext of Consciousness

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that the “self” of everyday life can be seen as a context that maintains long-term stability in our experiences and actions. Over many different situations we still manage to ... More


Prelude the Hanging Man

Simon Palfrey

in Poor Tom: Living "King Lear"

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226150642
eISBN:
9780226150789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226150789.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This section introduces the elusive being of King Lear’s Poor Tom through a hidden figure in an El Greco picture. El Greco painted this falling man, but in such a way that it is barely-visible to the ... More


The Case for Zombies

Robert Kirk

in Zombies and Consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The definition of zombies is clarified, and the main arguments for the alleged possibility of zombies are examined. The ‘conceivability argument’ is influential: zombies are conceivable; whatever is ... More


The Catastrophe of the Eye

J. Kevin O’Regan

in Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the feel of consciousness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199775224
eISBN:
9780199919031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775224.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses some apparent design flaws of the eye, which raise the specter of what philosophers call a homunculus—a little man in the brain, looking at the internal screen where the ... More


In the Operating Room: Wilder Penfield’s Stimulation Reports and the Discovery of “Mind”

Katja Guenther

in Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226288208
eISBN:
9780226288345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226288345.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter charts the transformation of Foerster's practice in the work of Wilder Penfield. Penfield came to study with Foerster in Breslau in 1928 and brought Foerster's epilepsy operation back to ... More


Joshua Reynolds’s “Nice Chymistry” in the 1770s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Painting with Fire: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Photography, and the Temporally Evolving Chemical Object

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226390253
eISBN:
9780226390390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390390.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores Joshua Reynolds’s experiments with unstable chemical materials both in his painting practice and in his theory of art. It places the painter in his native environs of Plymouth ... More


Who Is the Controller of Controlled Processes?

Daniel M. Wegner

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Controlled processes are viewed as conscious, effortful, and intentional, and as drawing on more sources of information than automatic processes. With this power of conscious will, controlled ... More


Understanding Yourself: All About Self-Concept

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

in The Education of Selves: How Psychology Transformed Students

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199913671
eISBN:
9780199315949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a historical and critical examination of self-concept in psychological and educational inquiry and practice. Self-concept researchers (e.g. Pajares, Schunk, Shavelson) have ... More


Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature

William R. Newman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577128
eISBN:
9780226577135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577135.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this book, the author uses alchemy to investigate the thinning boundary between the natural and the artificial. Focusing primarily on the period between 1200 and 1700, he examines the labors of ... More


Halal and the Moral Construction of Quality: How Religious Norms Turn a Mass Product into a Singularity

Frans van Waarden and Robin van Dalen

in Constructing Quality: The Classification of Goods in Markets

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677573
eISBN:
9780191757037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677573.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The value of goods is not only based on utility, aesthetics, or social status, but may also involve moral values. Such is the case with religious food standards, which are intended to guard the ... More


Comments

Walter A. Rosenblith

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The commentary suggests a psychoneural system in which the homunculus has more nearly the character of a complex organism-within-an-organism and is still neither ghostly nor regressive. It argues ... More


Artificial Life and the Homunculus

in Promethean Ambitions: Alchemy and the Quest to Perfect Nature

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226577128
eISBN:
9780226577135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226577135.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses artificial life and the homunculus. The vast literature focusing on alchemy in the debate on art and nature often draws on the spontaneous generation of animals for examples ... More


The Homunculus and the Mandrake: Art Aiding Nature versus Art Faking Nature

William R. Newman

in Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720807
eISBN:
9780226720838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720838.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores a tradition of chemical rather than mechanical attempts to create life artificially. It determines a more general objection on the part of alchemists to the procedures of visual ... More


Homunculus and Robot

Laurence A. Rickels

in I Think I Am: Philip K. Dick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816666652
eISBN:
9781452946566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816666652.003.0028
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the distinction between homunculus and robot by reading science fiction writer Philip K. Dick’s first android novel We Can Build You. The creation of the homunculus inside a ... More


Artificial Slaves in the Renaissance and the Dangers of Independent Innovation

Kevin Lagrandeur

in AI Narratives: A History of Imaginative Thinking about Intelligent Machines

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198846666
eISBN:
9780191881817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846666.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses how Renaissance stories of the golem of Prague, of Paracelsus’s homunculus, and of a talking brass head built by a natural philosopher in Robert Greene’s play Friar Bacon and ... More


Brain Basics from a Computational Perspective

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a crude overview of current knowledge in neuroscience about the human nervous system and its functionality. The distinction between the peripheral and central nervous systems is ... More


Technical Issues in Naive Sense-Datum Theory

John M. Nicholas

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the way in which the familiar arguments against Sense-Datum Theory (SDT) are indeed wrong-headed. What kinds of real difficulties and new questions do we face if we adopt SDT, ... More


The Soul’s Order

Mattia Riccardi

in Nietzsche's Philosophical Psychology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198803287
eISBN:
9780191841507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803287.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with Nietzsche’s conception of the soul (human psychology) as constituted by the hierarchical order or structure among drives and affects. After a demonstration that that ... More


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