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Network Boundaries: This chapter was co-authored with Kevin Lewis

Andreas Wimmer

in Ethnic Boundary Making: Institutions, Power, Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199927371
eISBN:
9780199980536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927371.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity, Social Theory

The most often noticed feature of social networks in U.S. society is their high degree of racial homogeneity, which has been attributed to the preference for individuals of the same racial background ... More


Relevance and Empathy: Why They Approached Weak Ties

Mario Luis Small

in Someone To Talk To

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190661427
eISBN:
9780190661458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190661427.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter suggests that the graduate students approached weak ties because of a desire to confide in someone who would understand their predicament as they themselves saw it. In other words, they ... More


The Political Consequences of Black Social Networks

Ismail K. White and Chryl N. Laird

in Steadfast Democrats: How Social Forces Shape Black Political Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691199511
eISBN:
9780691201962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199511.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter offers an empirical assessment of the connection between racial homophily in black social networks and homogeneity in black party support. It shows a strong link between racially ... More


Like Me: A Homophily-Based Account of Human Culture

Daniel B. M. Haun and Harriet Over

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a homophily-based account of human social structure and cultural transmission, wherein a tendency to favor similar others (homophily) is a key driving force in creating ... More


Regime Diffusion

Hans-Joachim Lauth

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0069
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While, initially, transformation research looked more closely at the endogenous causes, additional exogenous explanatory factors were introduced later, with a distinction drawn between intended and ... More


Disequilibrium Adjustment and Economic Outcomes

Alan Kirman and Rajiv Sethi

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

A central organizing principle in contemporary economic theory is the notion of equilibrium: all individuals make plans that are optimal, given beliefs that are mutually consistent. The equilibrium ... More


Paradise Paradox: Constructing a Digital Nomad Community

Rachael A. Woldoff and Robert C. Litchfield

in Digital Nomads: In Search of Meaningful Work in the New Economy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190931780
eISBN:
9780190931810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190931780.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter addresses the paradox of self-initiated “location-independent” nomads in search of a face-to-face community but also a community with minimal obligations. Research has examined how ... More


Conclusion: In Search of Freedom, Community, and Meaningful Work

Rachael A. Woldoff and Robert C. Litchfield

in Digital Nomads: In Search of Meaningful Work in the New Economy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190931780
eISBN:
9780190931810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190931780.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Urban and Rural Studies

Disillusioned knowledge workers move around the world to get away from places they find toxic. However, they find that place matters. Even these digital nomads, who value freedom and mobility above ... More


Public Space

Erich Goode

in The Taming of New York's Washington Square: A Wild Civility

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781479878574
eISBN:
9781479872718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878574.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The aggregation and dispersal of people in a public space potentiate and may facilitate certain types of behaviour, deviant as well as conventional. Moreover, multiple factors potentiate aggregation ... More


Sex and Gender in Public

Erich Goode

in The Taming of New York's Washington Square: A Wild Civility

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781479878574
eISBN:
9781479872718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878574.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Gender is linked to deviance, both with regard to women as victims, that is, the recipient of the unwanted actions of others, and as perpetrators, as the actors of behaviour others consider wrongful. ... More


The Personalities

Janet Vertesi

in Shaping Science: Organizations, Decisions, and Culture on NASA's Teams

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226691084
eISBN:
9780226691114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226691114.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter posits that scientists' biographical outcomes are shaped by mission organization and participation. It reveals the robust friendship groups that knit planetary scientists together across ... More


Structure and responsiveness

Peter Grindrod CBE

in Mathematical Underpinnings of Analytics: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198725091
eISBN:
9780191792526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198725091.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Probability / Statistics

This chapter considers what dynamical models might tell about what has and has not been observed. This includes dynamics of opinions and social contacts which are time dependent and fully coupled. It ... More


Discrimination and Homophily

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The goal of this chapter is to use the framework developed thus far in the book to address the question: how do discriminatory conventions and norms influence patterns of interaction? In particular, ... More


Heterogenizing and Enriching the Self

Hubert J. M Hermans

in Society in the Self: A Theory of Identity in Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190687793
eISBN:
9780190687823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687793.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A central feature of a democratic self is its heterogeneity, expressed in its diversity of positions and richness of experience. Heterogeneity is explored by examining three phenomena: the ... More


The structure of real-world networks

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter brings together the ideas and techniques developed in previous chapters, applying them to a range of real-world networks to describe and understand the structure of those networks. ... More


Friendship in Childhood and Adolescence

Cynthia A. Erdley and Helen J. Day

in The Psychology of Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190222024
eISBN:
9780190645380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222024.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the ways interactions with friends are distinct from interactions with nonfriends. It discusses processes that contribute to the development and maintenance of friendships and ... More


Measures and metrics

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter describes the measures and metrics that are used to quantify network structure. The chapter starts with a discussion of centrality measures, which are used to identify central or ... More


Introduction

Brian Greenhill

in Transmitting Rights: International Organizations and the Diffusion of Human Rights Practices

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190271633
eISBN:
9780190299316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190271633.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the international relations (IR) literature on IGOs and then introduces the idea of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) serving as conduits for the ... More


Cause or Effect?

Brian Greenhill

in Transmitting Rights: International Organizations and the Diffusion of Human Rights Practices

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190271633
eISBN:
9780190299316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190271633.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses the “homophily” argument by asking whether a causal relationship exists between membership in IGOs and convergence among their member states’ human rights practices. It does so ... More


Making Invisible Work Visible : Using Social Network Analysis to Support Strategic Collaboration

Rob Cross and Stephen P. Borgatti,

in Networks in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159509
eISBN:
9780197562017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159509.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Over the past decade, significant restructuring efforts have resulted in organizations with fewer hierarchical levels and more permeable internal and external boundaries. A byproduct of these ... More


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