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Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Günter P. Wagner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird's wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


Fins and Limbs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the evolutionary processes underlying fins and limbs. Some of the most momentous periods in the history of the human lineage involved evolutionary changes to the paired ... More


Introduction

Quentin Cronk

in The Molecular Organography of Plants

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550357
eISBN:
9780191720154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550357.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Developmental Biology

This introductory chapter chronicles in general the enormous increase in complexity in plants since plants colonized the land, and the consequences of this for terrestrial ecosystems. The principles ... More


The Influence of Eastern Orthodox Christian Theology on Mircea Eliade’s Understanding of Religion

Bryan Rennie

in Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions: The Contested Legacies of Joachim Wach and Mircea Eliade

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394337
eISBN:
9780199777358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394337.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the influence of Eliade’s Romanian Orthodox theological background on his understanding of religion. It particularly considers Eliade’s early (pre-India) writings, the possible ... More


Traces

Simon Scott

in Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198568360
eISBN:
9780191594748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

In this Chapter examples of trace structures are given along with some elements of trace theory in general. These facts and examples are called upon and, in the specific case of pseudodifferential ... More


Introduction: What This Book Aims to Do and What It Is Not

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book examines homology, the correspondence of characters from different species or even within the same organism, from a mechanistic perspective. Homology is explained by derivation from a ... More


Probabilistic ancestral sequences based on the Markovian model of evolution: algorithms and applications

Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider, and Gaston H. Gonnet

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A probabilistic sequence (PS) is a sequence in which each position instead of having a single character (amino acid, nucleotide, or codon), has a vector describing the probability of each symbol ... More


Computational reconstruction of ancestral genomic regions from evolutionarily conserved gene clusters

Etienne G.J. Danchin, Eric A. Gaucher, and Pierre Pontarotti

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Gene clusters that are evolutionarily conserved between different species can result from a common ancestral genomic region. By identifying and comparing conserved gene clusters between different ... More


A Conceptual Roadmap to Homology

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter proposes a conceptual roadmap to homology, with the goal of supporting the research program of developmental evolution that seeks to explain the patterns of phenotypic diversity. It ... More


A Genetic Theory of Homology

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a genetic theory of homology that addresses the most challenging problem when attempting to explain character identity; namely, unquestionable homologies (that is, character ... More


The Long Shadow of Metaphysics on Research Programs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the implications of homology as a scientifically credible concept for the metaphysics of evolutionary biology, that is, the question of whether such words as “characters” can ... More


Lessons and Challenges

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book has argued for the reality of a class of biological entities that have a hard time finding their place in a theory of evolution based on genetics and population biology. These entities, or ... More


What is the rationale for ‘Ockham's razor’ (a.k.a. parsimony) in phylogenetic inference?

Arnold G. Kluge

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Philosophers continue to debate the meaning and rationale behind ‘Ockham's razor’. Two formally distinct justifications for parsimony can be distinguished: one that recommends positing as few ... More


Country as Global Market: Netherlands, Calvinism, and the Joint-Stock Company

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that certain Dutch organizational innovations were all interlinked through their common genesis mechanism of “migration and homology.” Migration refers to two tidal waves of ... More


Prosodic Hierarchy-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a critical evaluation of Generalized Template Theory (GTT), developed within Optimality Theory, to explain canonical morpheme shape. The central proposal of GTT is that prosodic ... More


The Rhetoric of Innuendo: Opposition, Equivalence, and Indirect Accusation

Paul B. Duff

in Who Rides the Beast?: Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138351
eISBN:
9780199834150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513835X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Focuses on John's rhetoric. It begins with a discussion of indirect accusation and gives examples of its use in the ancient world. The chapter next demonstrates how John constructs a dualistic ... More


Phylogeny and evolution

Nicola S. Clayton, Randolf Menzel, Stanley B. Klein, and Sara J. Shettleworth

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concepts of phylogeny and evolution. The first focuses on three key evolutionary concepts which have important implications for memory research: homology and ... More


On True Homologues

Sergio Balari and Guillermo Lorenzo

in Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665464
eISBN:
9780191746116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665464.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

A problematic stance pervading biological theory consists of establishing homological relations using behavioral and ultimately functional criteria. The communicative approach discussed in the ... More


A Primer on Mapping Class Groups (PMS-49)

Benson Farb and Dan Margalit

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147949
eISBN:
9781400839049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147949.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

The study of the mapping class group Mod(S) is a classical topic that is experiencing a renaissance. It lies at the juncture of geometry, topology, and group theory. This book explains as many ... More


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