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Constraints on Social Networks

Sam G. B. Roberts

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In both modern humans and non-human primates, time and cognitive constraints place an upper bound on the number of social relationships an individual can maintain at a given level of intensity. ... More


Why only humans have language

Robin Dunbar

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter has three main objectives. First, it briefly summarizes the reasons why language might have evolved, and what we are to make of these. It then considers what this has to tell us about ... More


Culture and the Course of Human Evolution

Gary Tomlinson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226548494
eISBN:
9780226548661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226548661.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The story of the emergence of modern humanity needs to take account of cultural and biological evolution, as well as the interaction of the two; it must describe a biocultural evolution. Culture and ... More


Hominin Postcranial Remains from Sterkfontein, South Africa, 1936-1995

Bernhard Zipfel, Brian G. Richmond, and Carol V. Ward (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780197507667
eISBN:
9780197507698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197507667.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The excavations at Sterkfontein Cave, Gauteng Province, South Africa, have yielded one of the largest collections of postcranial fossils of any hominin site. These fossils remain relatively ... More


Hominini

Laura M. Maclatchy, Jeremy Desilva, William J. Sanders, and Bernard Wood

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The late Miocene-Pliocene emergence of the Hominini coincides with considerable mammalian faunal turnover in Africa, including the endemic radiation of groups such as ruminants, suids, and ... More


Human Origins

Kai Erikson

in The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter discusses the origins of the human species on earth, in part to emphasize the fact that we are social animals. The story of human evolution spans millions of years, although it is not ... More


Homo Habilis: A Smarter Self

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes Homo habilis and its lifestyle. It clearly was smarter that the hominins that had preceded it, and also had a larger brain. The brain of Homo habilis is then described in ... More


Signal and Functional Flexibility in the Emergence of Communication System: The Editors’ Introduction

D. Kimbrough Oller and Ulrike Griebel

in Evolution of Communicative Flexibility: Complexity, Creativity, and Adaptability in Human and Animal Communication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151214
eISBN:
9780262281027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book asks how some species, and particularly ancient hominins, broke free of the stereotypy and fixedness that are so widespread in communicative systems. It considers communicative flexibility ... More


Talking about apes, birds, bees, and other living creatures: language evolution in light of comparative animal behaviour

Kathleen R. Gibson

in The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Evidence and Inference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654840
eISBN:
9780191759000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654840.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter suggests that great apes remain the most appropriate study subjects for the reconstruction of the cognitive and communicative capacities of basal hominins, but that studies of other ... More


Music as an Emergent Exaptation

Ian Cross

in Music, Language, and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199227341
eISBN:
9780191804274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199227341.003.0010
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of music as an emergent exaptation of the later hominin lineage. It describes a model that provides a basis for considering music and language to be analogous systems ... More


The Social Brain and the Shape of the Palaeolithic1

Clive Gamble, J.A.J. Gowlett, and R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the debate over the shape of the Palaeolithic as stages, which contain long periods of stasis interspersed with revolutions, and gradients, where incremental advances add up to ... More


Hominin Cognitive Evolution: Identifying Patterns and Processes in the Fossil and Archaeological Record1

Susanne Shultz, Emma Nelson, and R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines cognitive evolution in hominins by identifying patterns and processes based on fossils and archaeological evidence. It first reviews the arguments for the pressures driving ... More


The Identity Model: A Theory to Access Visual Display and Hominin Cognition within the Palaeolithic1

James Cole

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes a new theoretical construct known as the Identity Model to access visual display and hominin cognition within the Palaeolithic. The Identity Model posits how the increasing ... More


Fireside Chat: The Impact of Fire on Hominin Socioecology

R.I.M. Dunbar and J.A.J. Gowlett

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the impact of fire on the socioecology of hominins, with particular emphasis on the budgetary costs of extending the day. It first provides an overview of the archaeology of ... More


Evolution of Primate Social Systems: Implications for Hominin Social Evolution

Susanne Shultz, Christopher Opie, Emma Nelson, Q.D. Atkinson, and R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0014
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the evolution of social systems in primates and its implications for the social evolution of hominins. To explain primate social evolution, the chapter uses general models ... More


The Road to Modern Humans: Time Budgets, Fission-fusion Sociality, Kinship and the Division of Labour in Hominin Evolution

R.I.M. Dunbar, Julia Lehmann, Amanda H. Korstjens, and J.A.J. Gowlett

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0015
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explores the role of time budgets, fission-fusion sociality, kinship, and division of labour in the evolution of hominins. More specifically, it considers whether human anatomical and ... More


The Costs of Being a High-latitude Hominin

Eiluned Pearce, Andrew Shuttleworth, Matt Grove, and R.H. Layton

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0016
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the challenges that hominins occupying higher latitudes have had to deal with. More specifically, it analyses how hominins were able to maintain social networks over the larger ... More


Why Only Humans Have Language1

R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0019
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines why language is exclusive to humans. It first outlines the reasons when and why language might have evolved and how it may explain the fact that only hominins evolved the ... More


Big Brains, Small Worlds: Material Culture and the Evolution of the Mind1

Fiona Coward and Clive Gamble

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0021
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the material aspect of social interaction and the evolution of the mind, with emphasis on the neural capacities for the relationships that humans have with other animate and ... More


Tarsals

Tea Jashashvili, Matthew W. Tocheri, Kristian J. Carlson, and Ronald J. Clarke

in Hominin Postcranial Remains from Sterkfontein, South Africa, 1936-1995

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780197507667
eISBN:
9780197507698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197507667.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes 12 tarsal bones from Sterkfontein, and compares them to those of extant hominoids and other fossil hominins, adding new analyses for some of the bones which have been studied ... More


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