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Nutrition and Darwin’s Entangled Bank

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter expands on three important themes that form the backdrop of this book's study: nutrition touches and links all living things; nutrition is complex; and there have been ... More


Feelings from the Body Viewed as Emotions: Ideas from the lamina I projection map that add to the textbooks

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter discusses the fundamental significance of homeostasis and the autonomic nervous system. The goal of homeostasis is the balanced, energy-efficient maintenance of the integrity and health ... More


Interoception and Homeostasis: Lamina I Terminations at Cardiorespiratory Sites in the Brainstem

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter examines the regions in the brainstem where the ascending lamina I axons terminate. These projection targets are all involved in homeostasis, and thus, these terminations confirm that ... More


Role of Dopamine Transporters in Neuronal Homeostasis

Marc G. Caron and Raul R. Gainetdinov

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Dopamine (DA) neurotransmission is controlled by several critical processes. A complex homeostatic balance between the amount of DA synthesized, packaged into vesicles, released, reuptaken via plasma ... More


Thermoregulation

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Many organisms use behaviour, physiology, and morphology to keep their body temperatures within narrow limits. This thermoregulation enhances performance, but potentially imposes costs such as energy ... More


Anoxic/ischemic injury in axons

PETER K. STYS, BRUCE R. RANSOM, JOEL A. BLACK, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Nerve fibers in both the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system must maintain adequate membrane polarization and transmembrane ion gradients to sustain action potential propagation and ... More


The Central Role of Astrocytes in Neuroenergetics

Luc Pellerin and Pierre J. Magistretti

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews astrocyte function in the maintenance metabolic homeostasis. Astrocytes play essential roles in coupling neuronal activity to energy metabolism, both through their participation ... More


The Neurology of Emotions and Feelings, and Their Role in Behavioral Decisions

Antoine Bechara

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a neuroscientific perspective in support of the view that the process of decision making is influenced in many important ways by neural substrates that regulate homeostasis, ... More


Hormones and the Mutable Brain

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a discussion of the concepts of homeostasis, allostasis, homeodynamics, brain plasticity, and endocrine glands. It then discusses cellular plasticity, cellular replacement, ... More


Drinking

Neil E. Rowland

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter is organized around a construct of hydromineral homeostasis and focuses on water and mineral consumption in rats. It provides a brief overview of the main body fluid compartments, of how ... More


Adaptation to Undernourishment

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Adaptation to undernourishment is discussed in eight sections: (1) the international incidence of calorie deficiency; (2) genetic, physiological, and behavioural adaptation to undernourishment; (3) ... More


Is Metal Uptake Related to Ecological Niche in the Vertebrate Host?

Joseph Lemire, Trevor F. Moraes, Vahid Fa Andisi, and Anthony B. Schryvers

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

There is a complex interplay between the vertebrate host and the microbes that inhabit its mucosal surfaces in their competition for essential metal ions. Mucosal surfaces in the host constitute an ... More


Intervention Strategies for Metal Deficiency and Overload

Fudi Wang and Lihong Zhang

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An increasing amount of evidence shows the linkage between metal ion homeostasis and human disease. Deficiency or overload of metal ions play vital roles in many human diseases, including infectious ... More


Trace Metals in Host–Microbe Interactions: The Microbe Perspective

Jennifer S. Cavet, Robert D. Perry, Sascha Brunke, K. Heran Darwin, Carol A. Fierke, James A. Imlay, Michael E. P. Murphy, Anthony B. Schryvers, Dennis J. Thiele, and Jeffrey N. Weiser

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Microbes must acquire metals for metabolic processes, with nearly a half of all enzymes requiring a metal cofactor for function, yet microbes can be poisoned by metals. The host innate immune ... More


Metal Homeostasis during Development, Maturation, and Aging: Impact on Infectious Diseases

Inga Wessels

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a summary of the functions of essential metallic elements in human metabolism and during infectious diseases as well as their homeostasis during development, maturation, and ... More


Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Ida J. Llewellyn-Smith and Anthony J. M. Verberne (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Central autonomic circuits in the brain and spinal cord are essential to vertebrate life. They control all basic bodily functions, including blood pressure, body temperature regulation, digestion, ... More


Volume and osmotic regulation Volume and osmotic regulation

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The first step in maintaining homeostasis involves sensing any changes in the environment and in the internal physiological condition. All cells are able to sense changes in cytoplasmic volume. ... More


Oral infections - an introduction

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The oral cavity supports the growth of several and different microflora. There are more than 500 different taxa found within the mouth and the role of most of these taxa in health and disease has not ... More


Autonomic and Neuroendocrine Roles of the Paraventricular Nucleus

Javier E. Stern

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Maintenance of bodily homeostasis by the central nervous system involves complex interactions between the neuroendocrine and the autonomic nervous systems. Concerted actions between these systems ... More


Central Nervous System Regulation of Body Temperature

Shaun F. Morrison and William W. Blessing

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The maintenance of body temperature is an essential behavior in the homeostatic repertoire orchestrated by central neural circuits. Thermoregulatory pathways optimize cellular and organ function at ... More


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