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Ecology

Thomas T. Struhsaker

in The Red Colobus Monkeys: Variation in Demography, Behavior, and Ecology of Endangered Species

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780198529583
eISBN:
9780191712746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529583.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

An understanding of ecology is fundamental to the development of conservation management plans and theories that relate behaviour and social organization to the environment. This chapter deals with ... More


Ranging behavior of orangutan females and social organization

Ian Singleton, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Serge A. Wich, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Adult female orangutans have large but stable home ranges, varying from as little as 150 ha in some forests up to 850 or more in others. Spatial variation in availability of fruit of key tree species ... More


Adjustable Living Spaces

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasels are constantly in danger of energy exhaustion, so when prey are abundant they keep their home ranges small (<20 ha) and hunting expeditions short. The rest of the time they save energy by ... More


Male–male relationships in orangutans

Sri Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, Maria A. van Noordwijk, Carel P. van Schaik, and Tatang Mitra Setia

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Sexually mature male orangutans live in home ranges that are 3–5 times that of adult females and show very high overlap. Encounters among flanged males, while rare, are invariably antagonistic and ... More


Radio-tagging

Robert Kenward

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Following wild birds marked with radio tags is a technique that can be used to obtain data on movements, survival, and habitat selection. This chapter considers the choice of type of tag and ... More


Groups and loners: social organization

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Otter societies vary between species, from solitary, to organized groups and ‘rafts’ of hundreds of individuals. They are variations on a theme of female territoriality, with independent and larger ... More


Social organization and male–female relationships

Tatang Mitra Setia, Roberto A. Delgado, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Despite their semi-solitary nature, associations among orangutans are more common than expected by chance for most combinations of age-sex classes. Variation in party size is due to variation in food ... More


Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews

Louise Emmons

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222915
eISBN:
9780520925045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222915.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Treeshrews suffer from chronic mistaken identity: they are not shrews, and most are not found in trees. These squirrel-sized, brownish mammals with large, dark, lashless eyes were at one time thought ... More


Use of Space

Louise H. Emmons

in Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222915
eISBN:
9780520925045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222915.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter investigates the treeshrews' use of space. The analysis of daily activities of treeshrews indicates that the home ranges of treeshrews are often highly irregular in outline, with odd ... More


Movements, home ranges, activity, and dispersal

Roger A. Powell

in Carnivore Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199558520
eISBN:
9780191774546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558520.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Mammalian carnivores move in order to obtain food, avoid competitors and predators, find mates, and communicate with conspecifics. They confine their movements in space and develop home ranges. ... More


Socio-spatial organization and spatial ecology

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Home ranges of males (1204 km2) and females (1510 km2) were similar. Female home range size was positively related to the dispersion of prey and generally, but not exclusively, they displayed home ... More


Landscape Effects on Individual Movement and Dispersal: Behavioral Landscape Ecology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Movement is a fundamental process that enables individuals to find food or mates, locate suitable habitat, and colonize new areas. The effect of environmental heterogeneity on individual movement ... More


Social Organization

Louise H. Emmons

in Tupai: A Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520222915
eISBN:
9780520925045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222915.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the social organization of treeshrews. It describes their social relationships from the deployment of their home ranges, and the relative movements of radio-tagged and trapped ... More


Families as Social Units

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the family as the basic social unit of beaver society. A beaver family consists of the parents, the young of the year, and yearlings. Two-year-olds may or may not ... More


Design and Statistical Issues Related to Habitat Analysis

Joseph A. Veech

in Habitat Ecology and Analysis

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198829287
eISBN:
9780191868078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829287.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

There are many different design and statistical issues that a researcher should consider when developing the data collection protocol or when interpreting results from a habitat analysis. One of the ... More


Musteloid sociality: the grass-roots of society

David W. Macdonald and Chris Newman

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Excluded from the pursuit predator niche by better-adapted early felids and canids, the musteloids exploited other hunting strategies as grasslands proliferated in the Oligocene. Unconstrained by ... More


Movement patterns and telemetry

Bruce A. Kingsbury and Nathan J. Robinson

in Reptile Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198726135
eISBN:
9780191825934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter offers a methodological ‘road-map’ to assist researchers contemplating telemetry projects. Telemetry devices are often used in these studies to track the animals’ movements and this ... More


Observational and Experimental Methods to Estimate Natality, Mortality, Movement, and Dispersal

Peter A. Henderson

in Southwood's Ecological Methods

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198862277
eISBN:
9780191895067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862277.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes the methods of directly quantifying the various processes that produce population change, natality, fertility, mortality, and dispersal. Natality is the number of births, ... More


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