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Procreating Women and Religion: The Politics of Spirituality, Healing, and Childbirth in America

Pamela Klassen

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The contemporary home birth movement is rooted in a countercultural critique of biomedicine that, like many other alternative healing movements in America, draws from religious and spiritual ... More


Saving Babies and Mothers: Pioneering Efforts to Decrease Infant and Maternal Mortality

Jacqueline H. Wolf

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the efforts of late-19th and early-20th century reformers to lower infant and maternal mortality in the United States. Earlier fatalistic attitudes toward infant and maternal ... More


The American Midwife

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0019
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of American midwives during the early 20th century. American midwives were so diverse socially and professionally that they are difficult to define and impossible ... More


Puerperal Fever

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses puerperal fever, one of the main causes of maternal mortality in history. This illness results from infection of the uterus during or after delivery. It was first discovered by ... More


Back to Bed: From Hospital to Home Obstetrics in the City of Chicago

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

Chapter 1, “Back to Bed: From Hospital to Home Obstetrics in the City of Chicago” analyzes the home obstetrics training practiced at the Chicago Maternity Center alongside the emergence of what would ... More


Artisanal Workers

Barbara Katz Rothman

in A Bun in the Oven: How the Food and Birth Movements Resist Industrialization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479855308
eISBN:
9781479846023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479855308.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses expertise and craft, the skills that are involved in both birth and food work. The issue of safety is addressed through historical and contemporary analyses of home birth.


Phase Three: The Counterculture

Barbara Katz Rothman

in A Bun in the Oven: How the Food and Birth Movements Resist Industrialization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479855308
eISBN:
9781479846023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479855308.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter looks at how the 1960s counterculture movement affected both food and birth. The rise of “countercuisine” on the one hand, and the home birth and midwifery movement on the other, were ... More


Middle-Class Midwifery: Transforming Birth Practices in Suburban Washington, D.C.

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

Chapter 2, “Middle-Class Midwifery: Transforming Birth Practices in Suburban Washington, D.C.,” investigates the individuals and organizations that began to promote home birth in the 1970s. Many of ... More


The Bowland Bust: Medicine and the Law in Santa Cruz, California

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

Chapter 4 traces the role of the hippie midwife from the perspective of a legal case. In 1974, three women were arrested in an undercover sting operation in Santa Cruz and charged with practicing ... More


From Professionalization to Education: The Creation of the Seattle Midwifery School

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

One of the biggest hurdles to professionalizing non-nurse midwifery was the lack of any standardized training opportunities in the United States. Historically, midwives had learned their trade by ... More


Introduction: From Hospital to Home

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

On December 8, 2009, Brazilian supermodel Giselle Bundchen and Patriots quarterback Tom Brady welcomed their son Rein into the world. Unlike the majority of babies born in the United States, Rein’s ... More


Psychedelic Birth: The Emergence of the Hippie Midwife

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

Chapter 3, “Psychedelic Birth: The Emergence of the Hippie Midwife,” explores the home birth experience from the perspective of the counterculture. In this context, childbirth became a catalyst to ... More


Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Wendy Kline

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

By the mid-twentieth century, two things appeared destined for extinction in the United States: the practice of home birth and the profession of midwifery. In 1940, close to half of all U.S. births ... More


Epilogue: In Search of Common Ground

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

In September 2014, 93 delegates participated in the third Home Birth Summit at the “discreet, quintessentially Northwest hideaway” Cedarbrook Lodge outside of Seattle, Washington. Nurse-midwives, ... More


Joy and Kenny

Lisa Yarger

in Lovie: The Story of a Southern Midwife and an Unlikely Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630052
eISBN:
9781469630076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630052.003.0014
Subject:
History, Family History

Narrator Lisa Yarger asks Lovie about the possibility of accompanying her to a birth. Lovie tries and fails to get one of her Mennonite clients to meet Yarger. Yarger gives Lovie Chris Bojalian’s ... More


The “Dignity of Motherhood” Demands Something Different: A Catholic Experiment in Reproductive Care in New Mexico

Kathleen Holscher

in Working Alternatives: American and Catholic Experiments in Work and Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780823288359
eISBN:
9780823290512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823288359.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers the work of the Catholic Medical Mission Sisters as midwives in New Mexico during the middle of the twentieth century. The sisters’ experimental initiative to provide midwifery ... More


From El Paso to Lexington: The Formation of the Midwives Alliance of North America

Wendy Kline

in Coming Home: How Midwives Changed Birth

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190232511
eISBN:
9780190232542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232511.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Family History

Chapter 5, “From El Paso to Lexington: The Formation of the Midwives Alliance of North America,” closely tracks the push to organize direct-entry midwives, beginning with the first international ... More


God Dealt Well with the Midwives

Lisa Yarger

in Lovie: The Story of a Southern Midwife and an Unlikely Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630052
eISBN:
9781469630076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630052.003.0034
Subject:
History, Family History

While pregnant, the narrator visits Lovie (who is still living with her daughter Nancy while her house is being repaired post-fire) and ponders how Lovie’s life looks like a stretched out version of ... More


Up to My Neck in Deliveries

Lisa Yarger

in Lovie: The Story of a Southern Midwife and an Unlikely Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630052
eISBN:
9781469630076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630052.003.0017
Subject:
History, Family History

Lovie’s marriage takes her to the North Carolina town of Washington, where she takes a job with the Beaufort County Health Department and starts attending home births on the side. Lovie describes ... More


Being Born and Being Born Again: On Having or Not Having a Child of One’s Own

Michael Banner

in The Ethics of Everyday Life: Moral Theology, Social Anthropology, and the Imagination of the Human

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198722069
eISBN:
9780191788994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722069.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

If Christianity cannot accept certain forms of pronatalism (such as the pronatalism that holds up the having of ‘a child of one's own’ as a natural, overriding, and incorrigible desire, and an answer ... More


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