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Religion and Politics: The West, Islam, Byzantium

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Early Christianity saw church and state as separate. Early Islam conceived a single 'umma under a single caliphate. It prescribed an all-embracing Shari'a. But after Constantine Christianity brought ... More


Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Reuven Firestone

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

While there is no evidence to date that the indigenous inhabitants of Arabia knew of holy war prior to Islam, holy war ideas and behaviors appear already among Muslims during the first generation. ... More


Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Reuven Firestone

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Holy war, defined for this study as war authorized or even commanded by God, is a fundamental part of biblical religion and a core institution of the Hebrew Bible. Jews of antiquity engaged in wars ... More


First Among Sequels: John Bunyan's Other Allegories

Michael Davies

in Graceful Reading: Theology and Narrative in the Works of John Bunyan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199242405
eISBN:
9780191602405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242402.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Like Thomas Sherman’s Part 2, which rewrites The Pilgrim’s Progress to rid it of romantic ‘froth’, Bunyan’s Badman and The Holy War too could in no way be mistaken as mere ‘romances’. Despite being ... More


Introduction

Sohail H. Hashmi and James Turner Johnson

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter defines “just war,” “holy war,” and “jihad.” It traces the evolution of the just war tradition in the West and of the jihad tradition in Islam. It considers how both just war and jihad ... More


Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Sohail H. Hashmi (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book explores the development of ideas of morally justified or legitimate war in Western and Islamic civilizations. Historically, these ideas have been grouped under three labels: just war, holy ... More


Martyrdom and Modernity: The Discourse of Holy War in the Works of John Foxe and Francis Bacon

Brinda Charry

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes the rhetorical and discursive strategies deployed by early modern English writers in their texts on holy war and what paying attention to these strategies will tell us about how ... More


The Holy Manner of Warfare

Tomaž Mastnak

in Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520226357
eISBN:
9780520925991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226357.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explains the difference between holy war and crusade. A key feature of the great social transformation of the eleventh century has been termed as entry into the new world. The reformed ... More


Introduction

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book is a study of the origins of the concept and application of warring defined now as “holy war” in the earliest period of Islamic history. It examines questions such as when and under what ... More


Conquest and Its Justifications: Jihad, Crusade,

John Tolan, Gilles Veinstein, and Henry Laurens

in Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147055
eISBN:
9781400844753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147055.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter is devoted to the development of the concepts of jihad, Crusade, and reconquista. It shows that, in both Christian and Muslim territories, ideologies of holy war were often used to ... More


Islam and Holy War

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the preconceived notions about the various topics and subtopics to be studied and establishes the approach employed. From the conquest of Spain in the early 8th century to the ... More


Musical Metaphysics in War and Revolution

Rebecca Mitchell

in Nietzsche's Orphans: Music, Metaphysics, and the Twilight of the Russian Empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300208894
eISBN:
9780300216493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300208894.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter explores how questions of national identity and patriotism took center stage with the outbreak of war in 1914. For Nietzsche’s orphans, the cultural heritage upon which musical ... More


Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order

Tomaz Mastnak

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520226357
eISBN:
9780520925991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226357.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This book's provocative analysis of the roots of peacemaking in the Western world elucidates struggles for peace that took place in the high and late Middle Ages. The author traces the ways that ... More


The Pre-Islamic World

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines sources used in this study and provides an outline of pre-Islamic thinking about issues related to warring in order to establish paradigms against which developing Islamic views ... More


God’s War and His Warriors: The First Hundred Years of Syriac Accounts of the Islamic Conquests

Michael Philip Penn

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As the first Christians to encounter Islam, Syriac authors preserve the earliest Christian depictions of Muslims, Islam, and the conquests. Syriac writers also present the unusual circumstance of a ... More


Heraclius, Persia, and Holy War

Peter Sarris

in Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199261260
eISBN:
9780191730962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261260.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter returns to the East and details the growing social, economic and military destabilisation of the Near East in the late sixth and seventh centuries. Warfare between Byzantium and Persia ... More


Conclusion: A Look Back and a Look Forward

James Turner Johnson

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter surveys earlier contributions to the comparative ethics of war in Western and Islamic civilizations and places the current book in the context of this literature. It considers ... More


From Holy Peace to Holy War

Tomaž Mastnak

in Crusading Peace: Christendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520226357
eISBN:
9780520925991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226357.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter provides an introduction to the concept of holy war, beginning by highlighting the fact that peace is the central issue of power, and that holy peace was no different. At the close of ... More


The Resurrection of Holy War

Reuven Firestone

in Holy War in Judaism: The Fall and Rise of a Controversial Idea

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860302
eISBN:
9780199950621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860302.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This section summarizes the research of the previous chapters and brings the historical analysis to a close. The Religious Zionist community remains tightly knit and self-reinforcing, so despite its ... More


Conclusion: From Mundane War to Holy War

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter summarizes earlier findings and situates them in the historical context by linking the development of the Islamic holy war idea with changes in the social structure and the worldview of ... More


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