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The Coral Holobiont: Hope and the Genomic Turn

Irus Braverman

in Coral Whisperers: Scientists on the Brink

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520298842
eISBN:
9780520970830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520298842.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The fifth and final chapter in the book, “The Coral Holobiont: Hope and the Genomic Turn,” explores the hope encapsulated within coral life in the flesh. Holobionts, hologenomes, chimeras, and ... More


Big Dreams for Small Creatures: Ilana and Eugene Rosenberg’s Path to the Hologenome Theory

Ehud Lamm

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents the origins of the hologenome theory developed by Eugene Rosenberg and Ilana Zilber-Rosenberg. This theory takes holobionts, which consist of a multi-cellular organism together ... More


The Work of Biological Individuality: Concepts and Contexts

Scott Lidgard and Lynn K. Nyhart

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Why are there so many concepts of biological individuality? This chapter shows that a wide range of definitional criteria of individuality has been integral to biological studies for at least 170 ... More


Distrust That Particular Intuition: Resilient Essentialisms and Empirical Challenges in the History of Biological Individuality

James Elwick

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There seem to be three intuitions about biological individuality that are held in western culture. This paper calls these intuitions about essences anatomical essentialism, physiological ... More


Biological Individuality: A Relational Reading

Scott F. Gilbert

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Biology is a study of relationships between parts and wholes. An individual at one level is a part at another. In the late nineteenth century, embryologist E. B. Wilson wrote, “There is at present no ... More


Host-associated microbiota

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

DNA-based approaches have enabled the multifaceted role of microbes for the fitness and performance of their host to be revealed. The increasing recognition of the crucial role of microorganisms for ... More


Exploiting symbiotic interactions for vector/disease control

Patrick Mavingui, Claire Valiente Mor, and Pablo Tortosa

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Arthropods transmit a variety of diseases to humans and animals, including arboviruses, bacteria and parasites. No efficient treatments or control methods are available for many vector-borne ... More


Ask Not “What Is an Individual?”

C. Kenneth Waters

in Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190636814
eISBN:
9780190636845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636814.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers of biology typically pose questions about individuation by asking “what is an individual?” For example, we ask: what is a species, what is an organism, and what is a gene? In this ... More


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