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Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Ethics Without Principles

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270026
eISBN:
9780191601729
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is in three parts. The first part discusses the nature of contributory reasons, set in the more general context of normative theory. It introduces and defends a distinction between reasons ... More


The Indispensability of Mathematics

Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Looks at the Quine–Putnam indispensability argument in the philosophy of mathematics. This argument urges us to place mathematical entities on the same ontological footing as other theoretical ... More


Recapitulation and Conclusion

Torben Grodal

in Moving Pictures: A New Theory of Film Genres, Feelings, and Cognition

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159834
eISBN:
9780191673719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159834.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter summarizes the main findings of the book. The aim of this book has been to show the way in which cognitions and emotions in the experience of viewing visual fiction are part of a ... More


Mathematics as a Science of Patterns

Michael D. Resnik

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250142
eISBN:
9780191598296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250142.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Mathematics is regarded as our most developed science, and yet philosophical troubles surface as soon as we inquire about its subject matter partly because mathematics itself says nothing about the ... More


Donald Davidson on Truth, Meaning, and the Mental

Gerhard Preyer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697519
eISBN:
9780191742316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697519.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

In recent decades the analysis of the connection of truth, meaning, and the mental has been a major philosophical question, and Donald Davidson has brought together these subjects in a unified theory ... More


Public Policy and Administration: An Overview

Barbara J. Nelson

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an overview of the progression of public policy research, from its origins in American assumptions of stability to contemporary concerns regarding the potential for ethical policy‐making. ... More


Many Moral Particularisms

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies moral particularism as a family of theses all of which involve some sort of negative assessment of moral principles. Family members are distinguished by the different negative ... More


Holism about Reasons

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Particularists often try to draw support for their view from the alleged context sensitivity of reasons, and more specifically holism. According to holism about reasons, a consideration that is a ... More


From Moral Knowledge to Default Principles

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the bare possibility of moral knowledge in particular cases is already enough to ensure the availability of a certain sort of ‘hedged’ moral principle called a ‘default ... More


Rawls and Utilitarianism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

After reviewing John Rawls's arguments against utilitarianism in A Theory of Justice and then examining Michael Sandel's and Robert Nozick's criticisms of those arguments, Scheffler points to three ... More


Justice and Desert in Liberal Theory *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler identifies and interprets the core ideas in John Rawls's discussion of desert in A Theory of Justice. The conjunction of these ideas, which Scheffler terms the ‘Liberal Theory’ of desert, ... More


Development and the Structured Self

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter charts links between the Stoic and Epicurean conception of self that is discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 (the structured self), and their ideas about ethical development. Human beings, ... More


A Use Theory of Meaning

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

How should we go about trying to identify which particular underlying property of a given word is responsible for its meaning? And what sort of property will that turn out to be? The answers ... More


Participatory Democracy: All Together Now

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In participatory democracy, preferences are not quasi‐mechanically aggregated, as in voter democracy, but interactively ‘transformed’ into something that is ‘more than the sum of the original ... More


Return to Nature?: An Ecological Counterhistory

Fred Dallmayr

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813134338
eISBN:
9780813135953
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134338.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Sustainability has become a compelling topic of domestic and international debate as the world searches for effective solutions to accumulating ecological problems. This book demonstrates how nature ... More


Holism

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

One way for an object to be metaphysically simple is to lack parts, in the manner of a geometrical point. But more complex objects and systems can be simple too, in one sense at least, provided their ... More


“Other” Texts, Our Contexts: Western Problems and Non-Western Solutions

Farah Godrej

in Cosmopolitan Political Thought: Method, Practice, Discipline

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782062
eISBN:
9780199919123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782062.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 turns to the question of “self-relocation,” which refers to the relocation of the site of experience and understanding within the Western academy, using the knowledges, methods and ... More


Discursive and Non‐Discursive Thought

Eyjólfur Kjalar Emilsson

in Plotinus on Intellect

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199281701
eISBN:
9780191713088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281701.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter the relationship between non‐discursive and discursive thought is addressed. It is argued that non‐discursive thought has a multiple object and is nevertheless not propositional. The ... More


Naturalism and Scientific Practice

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a tension between Quine's naturalism and his confirmational holism that has been pointed out by Penelope Maddy, amongst others. Naturalism requires us to look to science to ... More


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