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Markov Processes

M. Vidyasagar

in Hidden Markov Processes: Theory and Applications to Biology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133157
eISBN:
9781400850518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133157.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter deals with Markov processes. It first defines the “Markov property” and shows that all the relevant information about a Markov process assuming values in a finite set of cardinality n ... More


Proximal-to-Distal Sequencing Behavior and Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Leonel Olmedo, and Kazutaka Takahashi

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Proximal-to-distal sequencing of limb segments is characteristic of a number of motor behaviors, including throwing, hitting, jumping, and perhaps even reach-to-grasp. Moreover, shoulder- and ... More


DATA REDUCTION AND PROBLEM KERNELS

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents one of the most basic and most important techniques for developing fixed-parameter algorithms: data reduction and problem kernelization. It starts with some basic definitions ... More


DEPTH-BOUNDED SEARCH TREES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter presents the second very basic design technique for fixed-parameter algorithms: depth-bounded search trees. It starts with simple observations and some basic definitions and facts, ... More


Conversational Strategies Used to Create Crimes

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The single agenda of undercover police work is to capture crime on tape. Conversational strategies are usually considered unconscious behavior, but there is reason to suspect that undercover taping ... More


Overlapping, Ambiguity, and the Hit and Run in a Solicitation to Murder Case: Texas v. T. Cullen Davis

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This much-publicized trial took place in 1979 in Fort Worth, Texas. A millionaire oil equipment producer was accused of soliciting the murder of his ex-wife and the judge in his divorce proceedings. ... More


An Undercover Policeman Uses Ambiguity, Hit and Run, Interrupting, Scripting, and Refusing to Take “No” for an Answer in a Solicitation to Murder Case: The Crown v. Mohammed Arshad

Roger W. Shuy

in Creating Language Crimes: How Law Enforcement Uses (and Misuses) Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195181661
eISBN:
9780199788477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181661.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This case is set in the cross-culture milieu of Scotland, where many Muslim families now live. Fearing that his daughter would disgrace the family by marrying outside of the Muslim cultural ... More


The Embedding of Causation in Legal Liability Doctrines

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines the actus reus requirements in tort and criminal law. The essential thesis of the chapter is that our liability scheme in both areas of law is causation-drenched, and that this ... More


Sex and Sexual Relationships

BONNIE S. McDOUGALL

in Love-Letters and Privacy in Modern China: The Intimate Lives of Lu Xun and Xu Guangping

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256792
eISBN:
9780191698378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256792.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the love affair between Lu Xun and Xu Guangping, and their sexual relationships with others. The salient issue on which Lu Xun and Xu Guangping were most reticent was sex. Even ... More


The signal-detection model

Thomas D. Wickens

in Elementary Signal Detection Theory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195092509
eISBN:
9780199893812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092509.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the basic detection task: an observer receives a stimulus (in any sensory domain) that may or may not contain a weak signal and must decide whether the signal is present or ... More


Homogeneous, Isotropic Turbulence: Phenomenology, Renormalization and Statistical Closures

W. David McComb

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689385
eISBN:
9780191768255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689385.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The aim of this book is to elucidate, and help resolve, some of the outstanding issues in fundamental turbulence theory. Accordingly, it is restricted to homogeneous, isotropic turbulence (HIT). It ... More


A Renewed Flow of Memories: The Depression and the Struggle over “Hit Records”

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0008
Subject:
Music, History, American

The economic depression of the 1930s decimated the recording industry in the United States: hard times so undermined the phonograph companies that many never recovered. Victor and Columbia survived ... More


My Fair Lady

Ethan Mordden

in Coming up Roses: The Broadway Musical in the 1950s

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140583
eISBN:
9780199848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140583.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Popular

My Fair Lady was a phenomenon, running for almost seven years on Broadway, with 2,717 performances. It held the long-run record for musicals, had spun off more foreign productions ... More


Genealogy in evolution

Asher D. Cutter

in A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838944
eISBN:
9780191874826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838944.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 5, “Genealogy in evolution,” introduces branching tree diagrams as an intuitive way to visualize the evolutionary relationships between alleles, haplotypes, individuals, and species. It ... More


The Starday Story: The House That Country Music Built

Nathan D. Gibson and Don Pierce

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604738308
eISBN:
9781621037620
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604738308.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

This book is entirely dedicated to one of the most influential music labels of the twentieth century. In addition to creating the largest bluegrass catalog throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Starday was ... More


Change of Front

William L. Shea

in Fields of Blood: The Prairie Grove Campaign

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833155
eISBN:
9781469605098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898680_shea.17
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter illustrates how Hindman had watched and waited for some sign of Blunt's approach on Fayetteville Road, but the road remained empty except for occasional sightings of Union cavalry. The ... More


There Will Be No End of Work

Paul Osterman and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0029
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Paul Osterman, Professor of Human Resources and Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management, starts the dialogue by explaining why offshoring is not a new phenomenon and then argues that a ... More


Prosperity and Religious Fundamentalism

Khushwant Singh

in A History of the Sikhs: Volume 2: 1839-2004

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673098
eISBN:
9780199080595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter discusses resurgence of religious fundamentalism, which brought about the renaissance of Hinduism. The Sikhs exodus in the partition had made them more vulnerable and thus ground was ... More


Analyzing a Hit

Ken Stephenson

in What to Listen For in Rock: A Stylistic Analysis

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092394
eISBN:
9780300128239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092394.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter provides a critical analysis of specific rock pieces in order to determine what contributes to the success of a rock song. It aims to show the possibility of critical analysis of rock ... More


A Song Remembered: Frédéric Chopin Goes to War

John C. Tibbetts

in Composers in the Movies: Studies in Musical Biography

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106749
eISBN:
9780300128031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106749.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses A Song to Remember, a “life” of the celebrated Polish composer Frederic Chopin that was released in the waning months of World War II. Despite its highbrow profile, it became a ... More


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