Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 73 items

  • Keywords: history of medicine x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Neither Donkey nor Horse: Medicine in the Struggle over China's Modernity

Sean Hsiang-lin Lei

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226169880
eISBN:
9780226169910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169910.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book aims to answer one question: How was Chinese medicine transformed from an antithesis of modernity in the early twentieth century into a potent symbol for China’s exploration of its own ... More


The traditional concept of placebo

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The history of medicine is basically the history of placebos, as most early medical interventions were nothing but placebos, i.e., inert. Over the centuries, doctors started using sham treatments to ... More


Coleridge and Thomas Beddoes

NEIL VICKERS

in Coleridge and the Doctors: 1795-1806

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271177
eISBN:
9780191709647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271177.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter considers the impact of Dr Thomas Beddoes (1760–1808) on Coleridge's thinking about medical subjects. It deals especially with the two medical ‘grand narratives’ to which Beddoes devoted ... More


Coleridge and the Doctors: 1795-1806

Neil Vickers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271177
eISBN:
9780191709647
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271177.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This introductory chapter outlines the two central aims of Coleridge and the Doctors. The first is to throw into relief the ideas and influences informing Coleridge's activities in ‘philosophical ... More


: from physician to neurologist

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Why, despite often-alleged origins in antiquity, did neurology in Britain endeavour for so long to become a formally recognised specialty within general medicine? To answer this question, this ... More


Medicine in the 1790s: A Very Brief Introduction

NEIL VICKERS

in Coleridge and the Doctors: 1795-1806

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271177
eISBN:
9780191709647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271177.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter offers a historical sketch of the state of practical and theoretical medicine in the 1790s. It starts by considering the range of practitioners offering medical treatments during the ... More


What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Paul Unschuld

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book is a comparative history of two millennia of Western and Chinese medicine from their beginnings in the centuries bce through present advances in sciences such as molecular biology and in ... More


‘Delta’: The Construction of a Nineteenth-Century Literary Surgeon

Megan Coyer

in Literature and Medicine in the Nineteenth-Century Periodical Press: Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, 1817-1858

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474405607
eISBN:
9781474405621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474405607.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines the construction of David Macbeth Moir (1798–1851), a prolific Blackwoodian author and surgeon, as a medical poet, by himself and others, both within Blackwood’s and beyond, as ... More


The Beginning of Medicine in Greece

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0023
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The origin of medicine is apparent from other ancient texts such as from a document with the ambitious title “The Nature of Man”. One of the texts was dedicated to “falling sickness,” or epilepsy ... More


The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Stephen T. Casper

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Since the 1990s, the English-speaking world has seen the rise of a neuroculture derived from neurology and neuroscience. The Neurologists is a book that asks how did we arrive at this moment? What is ... More


Medicine Made Modern by Medicines

Jeremy A. Greene, Flurin Condrau, and Elizabeth Siegel Watkins

in Therapeutic Revolutions: Pharmaceuticals and Social Change in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390734
eISBN:
9780226390901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390901.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In this introductory chapter to the volume Therapeutic Revolutions: Pharmaceuticals and Social Change in the Twentieth Century, the editors review the utility of "revolution" as an analytic category ... More


Introduction: Locating the Medical

Rohan Deb Roy and Guy N.A. Attewell

in Locating the Medical: Explorations in South Asian History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199486717
eISBN:
9780199092093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199486717.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter defines the intellectual agenda of locating the medical, and explains its significance. It situates the volume as a platform for the traffic of ideas and approaches between ... More


Futures and Their Uses: Antibiotics and Therapeutic Revolutions

Scott H. Podolsky and Anne Kveim Lie

in Therapeutic Revolutions: Pharmaceuticals and Social Change in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390734
eISBN:
9780226390901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390901.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Fears of a post-antibiotic future date back to the very beginning of the antibiotic era. This chapter asks: what can we learn from the history of such expectations? The revolutions claimed in the ... More


Prevention and the Science and Politics of Evidence

Diana B. Petitti

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Evidence and politics intersect in the delineation of policy about prevention. Historically, prevention has played a prominent role in defining the evidence-based medicine movement and creating ... More


Physicians in neurological societies; neurologists in general medical societies

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the emergence of Britain's first Neurological Society by setting it in sharp contrast to its important specialist counterpart, the Ophthalmological Society of the United ... More


The integrative legacy of contemporary specialists in neurology

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Who were the neurologists? Were there any noteworthy developments in their work in the post-1960s? Were they able to maintain their integrative identity with the rise of specialised medicine? Did the ... More


Introduction

Eric J. Cassell

in The Nature of Clinical Medicine: The Return of the Clinician

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199974863
eISBN:
9780190219024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974863.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine and Older People

Twentieth- and 21st-century science has been a brilliant success. The ideal doctor of the 20th century, the physician-scientist, is not a success. Contemporary medical care is disappointing to ... More


Recipes and Everyday Knowledge: Medicine, Science, and the Household in Early Modern England

Elaine Leong

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583495
eISBN:
9780226583525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226583525.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Early modern English men and women were fascinated by recipes. Across the country, people of all ranks enthusiastically collected, exchanged, and experimented with medical and cookery instructions. ... More


Sensations That Pull into the Lower Parts of the Body

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0071
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides detailed information on scientist, Franz Anton Mesmer (1734–1815), who had an extreme aversion to demons and spirits. He clearly denounced exorcism and looked for healing powers ... More


Varieties of Medicine

Alex Broadbent

in Philosophy of Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190612139
eISBN:
9780190612177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612139.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter surveys the origins of medicine and introduces the concept of “Mainstream Medicine,” which is the globalized descendant of Western medicine. Based primarily on Roy Porter’s work, a ... More


View: