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Chemical communication in societies of rodents

Jane L. Hurst and Robert J. Beynon

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Scents play a central role in rodent societies, communicating information about identity (species, sex, individual, kinship) and status (social, reproductive, health, age). This requires the ... More


Organ Transplantation

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

T cells are the major barrier to the transplantation of organs between other than genetically identical twins. The basis for immune rejection lies in the incredible heterogeneity among humans in ... More


Extreme diversity in the major histocompatibility complex

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The Major Histocompatibility Complex on chromosome 6 encodes a diverse array of genes involved in the immune and inflammatory response. The region is remarkably polymorphic and has been associated ... More


Genes under selection: Mhc and others

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on genes under selection. Much of what is known about ‘ecologically relevant’ genetic variation at the level of DNA sequences comes from studies of genes of the major ... More


Antigen Processing, Presentation, and T Cell Interaction

Harald Neumann

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses antigen processing, presentation, and T cell interaction. The central nervous system (CNS) is protected by a blood-brain barrier (BBB) designed to minimize the passage of ... More


The Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter aims at clarifying the notions of self and nonself through a historical analysis. I show that the relationship between immunity and the identity of the organism, as well as the idea that ... More


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