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Teleology, Rational Faith, and Context Dependence

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If a society is to realize a rightful civil condition, the metaphysical principles of right specified in the Rechtslehre must be embodied in positive legislation. Kant's account of teleological ... More


The Highest Good

Jacqueline Mariña

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with an analysis of Schleiermacher's Notes on Ethics from 1805/06, examining his understanding of the highest good. In the Notes, Schleiermacher describes the highest good as the ... More


Grounds for Hope

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Being evil by nature we ought nevertheless to become good; and so we can. Kant's philosophy is supposed to give us grounds for hope in an “afterlife”, when we can be good, or at least better, and ... More


The Consolation: The Argument of Books I–V.2

John Marenbon

in Boethius

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134070
eISBN:
9780199868094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134079.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Addresses the argument of Boethius's masterpiece, the Consolation of Philosophy. It shows that Boethius, the author, juxtaposes a complex view of happiness in which it is vulnerable to fortune, with ... More


Political Judgment

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Kant's argument for ‘man under moral laws’ as the ‘final purpose of creation’, to which all subjective purposiveness in experience must be subordinated, provides the basis for subordinating the ... More


How Great a Good Is Virtue?

Thomas Hurka

in Virtue, Vice, and Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137163
eISBN:
9780199833283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137167.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If virtue is an intrinsic good, how does its value compare with those of other goods such as pleasure, knowledge, and achievement? Whereas many philosophers hold that virtue is the greatest good, ... More


From Nature to Morality: Kant's New Argument in the ‘Critique of Teleological Judgment’

Paul Guyer

in Kant's System of Nature and Freedom: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273461
eISBN:
9780191706196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273461.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the ‘Critique of Teleological Judgment’ in the Critique of the Power of Judgment complements Kant's earlier argument, on practical grounds, that the possibility of the ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


The Good Life and the Good Economy *: the humanist perspective of aristotle, the pragmatists and the vitalists, and the economic justice of john rawls

Edmund S. Phelps

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The humanist thinkers from ancient Greece onward asked what sort of life gives the deepest satisfaction and arrived at arresting insights. Aristotle started it off with his thesis that the highest ... More


: The Gulf between Nature and Freedom and Nature's Guarantee of Perpetual Peace

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay examines the relation between Kant's Toward Perpetual Peace and the nature–freedom problem posed in the third Critique. The problem concerns the “immense gulf,” which separates the ... More


: Teleology and History in Kant: The Critical Foundations of Kant's Philosophy of History

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essay examines Kant's thesis that “All natural predispositions of a creature are determined sometime to develop themselves completely and purposively” which is the initial proposition of “The ... More


Inquiry and Justification in the Search for the Highest Good in Plato and Aristotle

Mariana Anagnostopoulos

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Aristotle was convinced that there is a singular highest good. He provides, in the Nicomachean Ethics, formal features of the good, a complex analysis of its nature, and an explanation of the ways in ... More


Natural Evil and the Scope for Response

Richard Swinburne

in Providence and the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237983
eISBN:
9780191598548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237987.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The ‘higher‐order goods’ defence claims that natural evils (bad states caused by processes over which humans have no control) give humans the opportunity to react to them in the right way by actions, ... More


Psychological Eudaimonism: A Reading of Aristotle

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Aristotle's eudaimonism as a case study and argues that when eudaimonia in the Nicomachean Ethics is understood as holistically including all other ... More


Dispute with Kant

Frederick Beiser

in Schiller as Philosopher: A Re-Examination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282821
eISBN:
9780191603068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928282X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter reexamines Schiller’s dispute with Kant in Anmut und Würde and the Ästhetische Briefe. It contends that its Kantian expositors, who have neglected crucial texts, have completely ... More


Beyond the Bounds of Sense:Kant and the Highest Good

Martin Shuster

in Autonomy After Auschwitz: Adorno, German Idealism, and Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226155487
eISBN:
9780226155517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226155517.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that Kant critical philosophy anticipates a powerful rejoinder to the critique of the dialectic of enlightenment. Specifically, it shown that Kant’s notion of the highest good is ... More


Economic Development Is No Longer Optional

Holden Thorp and Buck Goldstein

in Our Higher Calling: Rebuilding the Partnership between America and Its Colleges and Universities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646862
eISBN:
9781469646886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646862.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

The prosperity of regional economies is inescapably linked to the health of their colleges and universities. Economic development has evolved from a by-product of higher education to a public ... More


Nimble Fingers: The Story of the Transistor Radio

Simon Partner

in Assembled in Japan: Electrical Goods and the Making of the Japanese Consumer

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520217928
eISBN:
9780520923171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217928.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on the final key to prosperity: the cheap labor of the underprivileged classes, particularly young women. It explains that cheap labor was Japan's traditional advantage in the ... More


Kant’s Theory of the Highest Good

Ralf M. Bader

in The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198714019
eISBN:
9780191782244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714019.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides an interpretation of the account of the highest good that Kant puts forward in the Critique of Practical Reason. The chapter addresses in particular the questions (i) why ... More


The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant

Joachim Aufderheide and Ralf M. Bader (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198714019
eISBN:
9780191782244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714019.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The notion of the highest good used to occupy a primary role in ethical theorizing, but has largely disappeared from the contemporary landscape. A prima facie surprising fact is that this notion was ... More


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