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Authentic Self-Expression: Gender, Ethnicity, and Culture

Anjoo Sikka, Linda (Gratch) Vaden-Goad, and Lisa K. Waldner

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the portability of the self-silencing construct across a range of contexts and cultures. The authors present findings from their studies investigating correlations between ... More


Prevention for individuals and the ‘high-risk’ strategy

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of prevention and clinical care and the high-risk preventive strategy. It then presents policy guidelines for screening to assess risk. The strengths and ... More


Who Will Catch Me If I Fall? Health and the Infrastructure of Risk for Urban Young Iranians

Pards Mahdavi

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter provides an anthropological survey of high-risk behavior among the contemporary Iranian youth, focusing on high-risk sexual activity and opiate use. It argues that while preliminary ... More


The Curious Case of the “Alpha Patient Population”

Khiara M. Bridges

in Reproducing Race: An Ethnography of Pregnancy as a Site of Racialization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520268944
eISBN:
9780520949447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268944.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the use of the term “Alpha patient population” to refer to the individuals who received Medicaid-subsidized prenatal care from the clinic. It considers how it is that the vastly ... More


Of Demography and Drugs:: Testing Two 1990s Theories of Crime Causation

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the two predominant theories of crime risk in the 1990s: the expansion of high-risk youth and the high rates of drug sales and use. These pessimistic indicators did not change ... More


Open Questions

Franklin E. Zimring

in The City that Became Safe: New York’s Lessons for Urban Crime and Its Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844425
eISBN:
9780199943357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844425.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter identifies a series of important unanswered questions that are priorities for future research. It organizes the “need to know” list around five main areas: the unsolved mystery of ... More


Parental Investment in Caregiving Relationships

Daphne B. Bugental, David A. Beaulieu, and Randy Corpuz

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0046
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

We address some of the issues involved in parental provision of care to at-risk children. Applying a bio-economic model, we discuss the ways that caregiving varies as an interactive function of (1) ... More


Childhood Sexual Abuse and HIV among Latino Gay Men: The Price of Sexual Silence during the AIDS Epidemic

Sonya Grant Arreola

in Sexual Inequalities and Social Justice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520246140
eISBN:
9780520939141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246140.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Empirical data proves that Latino gay men comprise one of the most vulnerable groups in the United States for transmission of HIV. As a category, they are more likely to contract HIV than white gay ... More


Young people and 'risk'

Maggie Blyth, Enver Solomon, and Kerry Baker (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420008
eISBN:
9781447304364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420008.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Alongside the current media public preoccupation with high-risk offenders, there has been a shift towards a greater focus on risk and public protection in UK criminal justice policy. Much of the ... More


Summing It Up

Joy G. Dryfoos and Carol Barkin

in Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179613
eISBN:
9780199847358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179613.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

What is it like growing up in the 21st century? Young people live in very different circumstances because of their families' social and economic status, their race, and their luck. Those who are ... More


Safe Sex among Men: Condoms, Promiscuity, and HIV

Tiantian Zheng

in Tongzhi Living: Men Attracted to Men in Postsocialist China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816691999
eISBN:
9781452952499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691999.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 7 explores popular sexual practices among tongzhi, including group sex, threesomes, and one-night stands, and the ways in which political, social, and cultural factors play a critical role in ... More


Concluding remarks: Putting reconstruction on track

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The book concludes that because post-conflict economic reconstruction takes place amid the political, security, and social transitions it is fundamentally different from “development as usual”; that ... More


MAPPA: learning the lessons for young offenders

Hazel Kemshall and Jason Wood

in Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements and Youth Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422156
eISBN:
9781447302841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422156.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The 1990s saw a growing preoccupation with high-risk offenders in the United Kingdom, particularly their accurate identification, reliable risk assessment and effective risk management. By the turn ... More


What needs to be prevented?

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that the clinical or high-risk approach to prevention has tended to concentrate attention on the conspicuous segment of disease and risk, seeking to understand and control it as ... More


Reducing Cases of HIV: Implementation of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

Jennifer N. Sayles, Mario J. Pérez, Gary P. García, and Raphael J. Landovitz

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been widely adopted in medical and occupational health settings. Yet, despite federal and state ... More


Education

Joy G. Dryfoos and Carol Barkin

in Adolescence: Growing Up in America Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179613
eISBN:
9780199847358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179613.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Public education in the United States is a huge enterprise that touches the lives of most teenagers and their families. According to the Department of Education, rising immigration and the baby boom ... More


Less is Probably Better: The Benefits and Costs of Antipsychotics

Richard P. Bentall

in Doctoring the Mind: Is Our Current Treatment of Mental Illness Really Any Good?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791486
eISBN:
9780814739143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791486.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses how for clinicians, predicting the onset of psychosis creates the possibility of developing therapeutic strategies to prevent symptoms before they occur. This idea is being ... More


Setting the Stage for Disaster: Revenue Maximization, Wealth Protection, and its Discontents

Gregory L. Simon

in Flame and Fortune in the American West: Urban Development, Environmental Change, and the Great Oakland Hills Fire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520292802
eISBN:
9780520966161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292802.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter focuses on government retrenchment, conservative homeowner politics, and state tax restructuring spanning the 1950s to 1980s. It highlights the scalar dimensions of ... More


Screening of high-risk drinkers

Amy O’Donnell and Eileen Kaner

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiological data have shown that the majority of alcohol-related problems that occur in a population are not due to the most problematic drinkers — generally individuals with alcohol dependence — ... More


Deterring Serious and Chronic Offenders: Research Findings and Policy Thoughts from the Pathways to Desistance Study

Thomas A. Loughran, Alex R. Piquero, Jeffrey Fagan, and Edward P. Mulvey

in Justice for Kids: Keeping Kids Out of the Juvenile Justice System

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814721377
eISBN:
9780814721384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814721377.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines ways of deterring serious and chronic offenders based on evidence from the Pathways to Desistance Study, which addresses the issue of perceptions of deterrence and looks into ... More


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