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High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


Spatial Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about how humans are accustomed to seeing the world in high resolution. Compared to many other animals, humans' eyes are not particularly sensitive to light; nor is their sense of ... More


Near‐Field Optical And Plasmonic Imaging

Yuan Wang and Xiang Zhang

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter reviews the recent development of near-field biomolecule imaging systems. Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) offers a practical means of optical imaging at a resolution well ... More


The Role of Remote Sensing in the Study of Terrestrial Net Primary Production

Scott V. Ollinger, Robert N. Treuhaft, Bobby H. Braswell, Jeanne E. Anderson, Mary E. Martin, and Smith Marie-Louise

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Extension of field measurements to appropriate spatial scales is essential to addressing regional and global ecological patterns and environmental problems. The selective absorption and reflection of ... More


Fallacies in EEG

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The highly interdisciplinary nature of EEG is apparently the main reason why many fallacies have appeared in EEG and, in some cases, persisted over long periods. Common EEG fallacies occur on both ... More


RADIATION SOURCES AND INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER

John Banhart

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Advanced tomography requires well-defined beams of the required type of radiation. This chapter discusses the generation of such beams and the fundamental interactions of these rays with solid ... More


Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This is the first textbook describing crystal structure determination (especially inorganic) from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The ... More


Are Single Cortical Neurons Soloists or Are They Obedient Members of a Huge Orchestra?

Tal Kenet, Amos Arieli, Misha Tsodyks, and Amiram Grinvald

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that the spontaneous firing of single neurons is tightly linked to the cortical networks in which they are embedded. The idea of a network is a central concept in theoretical brain ... More


Phase contrast, contrast transfer function (CTF) and high‐resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM)

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Phase contrast, the contrast transfer function (CTF), kinematical scattering and the weak-phase object approximation are central concepts for image formation. The physics is described in great detail ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

High-resolution electron microscopy covers both the practice and theory of atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in all its modern forms and applications, with the aim of ‘seeing ... More


3D electron crystallography

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

All structures are 3-dimensional, but each EM image is just a 2D projection of the 3D structure. Until recently, almost all work in the EM field has been 2D. 3D electron crystallography can be made ... More


Visual Displays

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The evaluation, calibration, and choice of visual displays are critical to the success of the psychophysics enterprise. In this chapter, we show how to evaluate and calibrate visual displays and ... More


Preliminaries

John C. H. Spence

in High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668632
eISBN:
9780191749322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668632.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 1 describes the principles and simplest theory of phase contrast imaging in microscopy.


Advancements in fMRI Methods: What Can They Inform about the Functional Organization of the Human Ventral Stream?

Kalanit Grill-Spector

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on the advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods and discusses their role in understanding the functional organization of the human ventral stream. ... More


How Might We Get from Genes to Circuits to Disease?

Tobias Kaiser, Yuan Mei, and Guoping Feng

in Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Recent advances in the identification of risk genes for psychiatric disorders have set the stage for functional interrogation of disease related-circuits and underlying mechanisms of pathophysiology. ... More


Pixel

Graham Harwood

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0030
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter briefly outlines the technological advancements in the fields of color, display, camera, and digital imaging techniques; it then demonstrates the early history along with the scientific ... More


Numerical Relativistic Hydrodynamics: HRSC Methods

Luciano Rezzolla and Olindo Zanotti

in Relativistic Hydrodynamics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198528906
eISBN:
9780191746505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528906.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter is devoted to the analysis of those numerical methods based on the conservative formulation of the equations, as is the case of the relativistic-hydrodynamics equation. Conservative ... More


Relativistic Hydrodynamics

Luciano Rezzolla and Olindo Zanotti

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198528906
eISBN:
9780191746505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528906.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a lively and approachable introduction to the main concepts and techniques of relativistic hydrodynamics in a form which will appeal to physicists at advanced undergraduate and ... More


The Stratigraphic Framework

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter characterizes the physical stratigraphic framework in which paleobiological patterns are studied. The principles underlying sequence stratigraphy have proven their worth through their ... More


Molecular-Backscatter Lidar Profiling of the Volume-Scattering Coefficient in Cirrus

Albert Ansmann

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Backscatter and polarization lidars have already been used extensively to investigate ice clouds (see chapters 2 and 10). A severe limitation is that trustworthy values of the volume-scattering ... More


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