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Revisiting the Phenotypic Hierarchy in Hierarchy Theory

Silvia Caianiello

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchy theory at its onset was primarily committed to vindicate the distinctness of macro-evolutionary phenomena from micro-evolutionary processes, minimizing the explanatory relevance of ... More


Hierarchy Theory and the Extended Synthesis Debate

Telmo Pievani

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the closing remarks we propose a theoretical watermark that connects all the chapters of this volume. After a short summary about Eldredge’s twin hierarchies as a possible unifying frame for ... More


Scaling Issues in Landscape Ecology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Spatial patterns are ubiquitous in nature, and ecological systems exhibit patchiness (heterogeneity) across a range of spatial and temporal scales. Landscape ecology is explicitly concerned with ... More


General Principles of Biological Hierarchical Systems

Ilya Tëmkin and Emanuele Serrelli

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This contribution sets the stage for the following selection of articles addressing general aspects of the hierarchy theory of evolution. It does so by reviewing basic principles of hierarchical ... More


Self-Organization and Emergent Phenomena

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Here we study self-organization, which refers to a class of systems that are able to form and maintain their organization by themselves. Related to self-organization (and sometimes mixed with it) is ... More


Why We See in Outlines

Peter Harries-Jones

in Upside-Down Gods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270347
eISBN:
9780823270385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270347.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Recent research has shown that the perceptual mode is that of grasping outlines and then of filling in details in a sort of reverse hierarchy. In this topsy-turvy macroscopic mode, Bateson was to ... More


The Checkered Career of Hierarchical Thinking in Evolutionary Biology

Niles Eldredge

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This article reconstructs the history and significance of hierarchical thinking in evolutionary theory, suggesting further development of hierarchical approaches in evolutionary biology. Darwin’s ... More


Ecology and Evolution: Neither Separate nor Merged

Emanuele Serrelli and Ilya Tëmkin

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the 1970s, frequent attempts were made to bridge the gap between ecology and evolution. Ecology was divided into community ecology, that studies the composition and assembly of populations, ... More


Democracy and Hierarchy

Max Waltman

in Pornography: The Politics of Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197598535
eISBN:
9780197598566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197598535.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter sets forth a political theory of what would make legal challenges to pornography successful. Obstacles are identified in early liberal concepts of “negative rights,” which prevent ... More


Information and Energy in Biological Hierarchical Systems

Ilya Tëmkin and Emanuele Serrelli

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The dual hierarchical framework of the hierarchy theory of evolution proposes information transfer and matter-energy exchange as two distinct and fundamental organization principles of the biological ... More


Reciprocal Effects of Attention and Perception: On Anne Treisman’s “How the Deployment of Attention Determines What We See”

Shaul Hochstein

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 2006 paper How the deployment of attention determines what we see, published in Visual Cognition. Treisman reports the results of some studies on focused ... More


Niche Conservatism, Tracking, and Ecological Stasis: A Hierarchical Perspective

Carlton E. Brett, Andrew Zaffos, and Arnold I. Miller

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

At the heart of the concept of ecological stasis is the general hypothesis that ecological niches, broadly defined as positions of species along environmental gradients, remain relatively stable over ... More


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