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Structuring Sense Volume 2: The Normal Course of Events

Hagit Borer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263929
eISBN:
9780191718168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263929.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This is the second volume of three in the Structuring Sense series. This three-volume book sets out to demonstrate that the explanation of linguistic competence should be shifted from lexical entry ... More


The Optimal Structure of Incent ives and Authority within an Organization

James A. Mirrlees

in Welfare, Incentives, and Taxation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295211
eISBN:
9780191685095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295211.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses a number of models that can help explain the distribution of incomes within the firm, and to explain the existence of authoritative relationships. These models also help derive ... More


Human Understanding and Local Interests: Occidentalism and the (Latin) American Argument

Walter D. Mignolo

in Local Histories/Global Designs: Coloniality, Subaltern Knowledges, and Border Thinking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156095
eISBN:
9781400845064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156095.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter outlines a map of the border of the empires whose tensions contributed to the fabrication of a homogeneous notion of Latin America in the colonial horizon of modernity. These conflicting ... More


Triangles in the Brain

Robert C. Berwick and Noam Chomsky

in Why Only Us: Language and Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034241
eISBN:
9780262333351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034241.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the what, who, where, when, how, and why of language and its evolution. It first considers Alfred Russel Wallace's views about natural selection before expounding on the “what” ... More


Community structure

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A discussion of community structure in networks and methods for its detection. The chapter begins with an introduction to the idea of community structure, followed by descriptions of a range of ... More


Modality and Semantic Change

Heiko Narrog

in Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199694372
eISBN:
9780191742279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694372.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

After clarifying basic terms and concepts in the area of semantic change in section 1, extant hypotheses on semantic change in modality are discussed in section 2. Section 3 presents a personal view ... More


Crystal structures of intermetallic compounds

Walter Steurer and Julia Dshemuchadse

in Intermetallics: Structures, Properties, and Statistics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198714552
eISBN:
9780191782848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714552.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

In this chapter, the distribution of intermetallics as a function of chemical composition, stoichiometry, and structure types is shown. In some cases it goes beyond, providing an explanation of the ... More


Introduction

Heiko Narrog

in Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199694372
eISBN:
9780191742279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694372.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Goals of this book — theoretical orientation/principles of the approach


The Legal System and its Hierarchical Structure

Jeff Mielke

in Introduction to the Problems of Legal Theory: A Translation of the First Edition of the Reine Rechtslehre or Pure Theory of Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265658
eISBN:
9780191682919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265658.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents the Pure Theory of Law's discussion of system as system of norms, the legal system as chain of creation, the significance of the basic norm, the basic norm of the state legal ... More


Conclusion

Sal Renshaw

in The Subject of Love: Hélène Cixous and the Feminine Divine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719069604
eISBN:
9781781702956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719069604.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This text highlights Cixous's notions and thought, which offer to an individual a very different picture of the subjects of divine love from that which derives from the concept of mutuality that is ... More


Looking for a ‘Gold Standard’ to measure language complexity: what psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics can (and cannot) offer to formal linguistics

Lise Menn and Cecily Jill Duffield

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Proposed complexity measures for a language as a whole should be validated against a ‘gold standard’, i.e. against measures of the sorts of utterances that are harder or easier for humans to ... More


What Kinds of Syntactic Phenomena Must Biologists, Neurobiologists, and Computer Scientists Try to Explain and Replicate?

Tallerman Maggie, Newmeyer Frederick, Bickerton Derek, Bouchard Denis, Kaan Edith, and Rizzi Luigi

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on research dealing with syntactic phenomena as well as the biological foundations and origin of syntax. It first outlines the main building blocks of syntax, starting with ... More


What is at stake: Word order, configurationality, and the potential for structural ambiguity

Lieven Danckaert

in The Development of Latin Clause Structure: A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198759522
eISBN:
9780191820243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759522.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Starting from the observation that Latin word order is remarkably flexible, this chapter presents and compares four different approaches (non-configurational, semi-configurational, hybrid, and fully ... More


Why Now?

Robert C. Berwick and Noam Chomsky

in Why Only Us: Language and Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034241
eISBN:
9780262333351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034241.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter explains that the book is a collection of essays that address the evolution of language. It examines the tension between Darwinian infinitesimal evolutionary change and continuity, with ... More


Learnability in practice

Nick Chater, Alexander Clark, John Goldsmith, and Amy Perfors

in Empiricism and Language Learnability

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198734260
eISBN:
9780191801891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198734260.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter aims to move from the theoretical ideas discussed in previous chapters to illustrate several ways that they might work in practice. The chapter discusses two main models, each of which ... More


Deficits, degradation, and dissociations

Lawrence Weiskrantz

in Consciousness Lost and Found: A Neuropsychological Exploration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524588
eISBN:
9780191689222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524588.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Disentangling deficits by dissociations, and the constructing of hypotheses about independence and hierarchical structure, is the very meat of day-to-day neuropsychological analysis and theorizing. ... More


Parameters

Ian Roberts

in Parameter Hierarchies and Universal Grammar

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804635
eISBN:
9780191842856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804635.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter begins by summarizing recent critiques of the principles-and-parameters approach to cross-linguistic variation. It then sets out the explanatory advantages of that approach as they were ... More


Syntax for Non-syntacticians A Brief Primer

Bickerton Derek

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter describes and illustrates some of the most basic concepts and processes in syntax such as Merge, binding, control, movement, and empty categories. It first considers the hierarchical ... More


The Outfit as a Complex Organization

Robert M. Lombardo

in Organized Crime in Chicago: Beyond the Mafia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037306
eISBN:
9780252094484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037306.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the Chicago Outfit as a complex criminal organization, with particular emphasis on its hierarchical structure, chain of command, and division of labor. After describing the ... More


Beyond echolocation: Emotional acoustic communication in bats

Sabine Schmidt

in Evolution of Emotional Communication: From Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199583560
eISBN:
9780191747489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Some features of the acoustic communication of emotions in humans may be rooted in mechanisms common to mammals. This chapter addresses sound emission, and perception, during social interactions in ... More


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