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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Selection at Multiple Levels: Concepts and Methods

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops an abstract framework for thinking about selection acting at multiple hierarchical levels. The nature of hierarchical organization is analyzed, in particular the idea that ... More


Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Natural Selection in the Abstract

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter studies the logic of evolution by natural selection and the origin of the levels of selection question. The abstract nature of the core Darwinian principles, and thus their potential ... More


ONTOGENESIS AND MICROGENESIS OF VISUAL PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION

Ruth Kimchi

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One approach to understanding the psychological processes involved in perceptual organization, and the one presented in this chapter, is to study the evolution of perceptual organization in two ... More


Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Stephen Handel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book describes the conceptual similarities and differences between auditory and visual perception. The incoming energy is a single world containing objects, events, and various sources of light ... More


Motifs, cliques, communities

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses subgraphs in complex networks. First, it considers ‘building blocks’ of networks-motifs subgraphs that are present in many copies in a network. It focuses on the statistics of ... More


Reorganizing Higher Education in the Shadow of the Great War

Christopher P. Loss

in Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148274
eISBN:
9781400840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the growth of American higher education during the 1920s. Though World War I caused havoc at many campuses, some fields of study, such as psychology, exploited the war in order ... More


Weapons of the Not So Weak in Afghanistan: Pashtun Agrarian Structure and Tribal Organization

Thomas J. Barfield

in Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804785952
eISBN:
9780804789219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785952.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the classical model of interaction between a subsistence-based agrarian (and pastoral) society and one based on irrigated agriculture and cities as propounded by medieval Arab ... More


Biological Ontology and Hierarchical Organization: A Defense of Rank Freedom

Samir Okasha

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a displacement of the organism as a privileged level of analysis in evolutionary biology. It is concerned with the ontology of biology systems, with particular reference to ... More


International Federation for Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers: labour internationalism as vertical networking?

Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

in Global Justice Networks: Geographies of Transnational Solidarity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076855
eISBN:
9781781702307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076855.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses upon the International Federation for Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers (ICEM), a longer established global union federation with more a formal hierarchical ... More


The Simultaneous Chain: A New Look at Serially Organized Behavior

Herbert Terrace

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Serial learning is one of the oldest and most widely studied phenomena of experimental psychology. Lashley argued that chaining theory could not ... More


Constituent structure

Mary Dalrymple, John J. Lowe, and Louise Mycock

in The Oxford Reference Guide to Lexical Functional Grammar

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198733300
eISBN:
9780191874246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733300.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines the organization of overt phrasal syntactic representation, the constituent structure or c-structure. Section 3.1 discusses some traditional arguments for constituent structure ... More


The Importance of Autosegmental Representations for Sign Language Phonology

Diane Brentari

in Shaping Phonology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226562452
eISBN:
9780226562599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562599.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter outlines the contribution of autosegmental phonology to the field of sign language phonology. Phonological description is influenced by the theoretical models used to express them, and ... More


Learning new complex skills: Behavior parsing and the origin of insight

Richard W. Byrne

in Evolving Insight

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757078
eISBN:
9780191820281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757078.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The book’s thesis is that it was the planning abilities, allowing the ancestors of great apes to feed more efficiently, that led to general insightful understanding; thus, this is a key chapter. ... More


Hierarchical Organization of Neotropical Mammal Diversity and Its Historical Basis

Sergio Solari, Paúl M. Velazco, and Bruce D. Patterson (eds)

in Bones, Clones, and Biomes: The History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649191
eISBN:
9780226649214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649214.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The Neotropics are home to roughly 1550 living species of mammals, 30% of all extant species, including groups found nowhere else on the Earth. This richness and uniqueness can be attributed to the ... More


New Forms of Organizing

Phanish Puranam

in The Microstructure of Organizations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199672363
eISBN:
9780191864292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199672363.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Using the universal problems of organizing as a basic framework helps to expose novelty in forms of organizing in a precise manner. Even if a form of organizing is justifiably novel relative to the ... More


Pivot point: From social to technical abilities

Richard W. Byrne

in Evolving Insight

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757078
eISBN:
9780191820281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757078.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter argues that, despite the fact that many signs of insight are found in the social domain, that cannot have been the original context. Social insights are specific to apes, but apes are ... More


Cambridge and the Cavendish

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

J.J. Thomson was elected Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Cambridge in 1884, and after new degree regulations were instituted in 1895, he led the Cavendish Laboratory ... More


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