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An uncertain quantity: how people reason with syllogisms

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chater and Oaksford developed both computational- and algorithmic-level analyses of syllogistic reasoning, based on a probabilistic approach. The resulting model was called the probability heuristics ... More


Motivation and Judicial Behavior: Expanding the Scope of Inquiry

Lawrence Baum

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter analyzes judicial decision making from the perspective of motivation. Students of judicial behavior have focused on judges’ motivations, but their inquiries into motivation could be ... More


Sewall Wright’s Adaptive Landscape: Philosophical Reflections on Heuristic Value

Robert A. Skipper and Michael R. Dietrich

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright's 1932 adaptive landscape diagram is the most influential visual heuristic in evolutionary biology. Yet, the diagram has met with criticism from biologists and philosophers since its ... More


Introduction and Preview

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the phenomena of adult cognitive development. It lays out the reasons why intelligence in adulthood should be studied by giving a brief history of the study of ... More


A model for policy choices

Malcolm W. Klein and Cheryl L. Maxson

in Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195163445
eISBN:
9780199943340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163445.003.0039
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents a heuristic model, which combines elements of the Spergel Model with the data summaries from Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6. The model is then expanded to cover both individual and ... More


A neural systems model of decision making in adolescents

Monique Ernst

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on a heuristic neural systems model of motivated behaviour. This model provides hypotheses for mechanisms underlying changes in behaviour across development and psychopathology. ... More


Discussion and integration of key findings

Lucy Gell, Gerhard Bühringer, Robin Room, Allaman Allamani, Francisco Jose Eiroa-Orosa, Sarah Forberger, John Holmes, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Jane McLeod, Petra Meier, and Martine Stead

in What Determines Harm from Addictive Substances and Behaviours?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198746683
eISBN:
9780191808982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746683.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The factors influencing transitions between stages in the development of problem substance use and gambling are diverse and operate across three levels of analysis: the social, economic, and ... More


Multiple-Offense Sentencing: Some Additional Thoughts

Andreas von Hirsch

in Sentencing for Multiple Crimes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190607609
eISBN:
9780190607630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190607609.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter offers some additional thoughts on the subject of multiple-offense sentencing. It discusses John Taurek’s indeterminacy thesis and its plausibility with regards to multiple-count cases. ... More


Globalization and Path-Dependent Institutional Change

Scott Wilson

in Remade in China: Foreign Investors and Institutional Change in China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195388312
eISBN:
9780199852536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388312.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reexamines previous works on institutional change and globalization. It also formulates a heuristic model to clarify the roles of states and multinational corporations (MNCs) in the ... More


Theoretical preliminaries

Tim Markham

in The Politics of War Reporting: Authority, Authenticity and Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719085284
eISBN:
9781781702642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085284.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter pins down what can defensibly be described as a Bourdieusian heuristic model. It presents the working definitions for some of the core concepts in Bourdieusian theory. This is followed ... More


Methodological issues

Tim Markham

in The Politics of War Reporting: Authority, Authenticity and Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719085284
eISBN:
9781781702642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085284.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the sometimes knotty methodological issues that the Bourdieusian heuristic model throws up. The parameters of Bourdieusian social scientific methodology are also explored. ... More


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