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Prometheus Unbound: releasing the constraints on natural selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The evolution of asexual organisms in laboratory microcosms is constrained by the lack of genetic exchange and by isolation from the rest of the world. When these constraints are relaxed, the rate of ... More


The Genetics of Exotic Bird Introductions

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the long-term outcomes of exotic bird establishment in terms of the propensity for evolution in exotic bird populations. It shows that exotic birds have occasionally lost ... More


Methods for derivation of LOH and allelic copy numbers using SNP arrays

Carsten Wiuf, Philippe Lamy, and Claus L. Andersen

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter discusses statistical methods to derive loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) and allele specific copy numbers in cancer cells. SNP arrays enable simultaneous information about thousands of DNA ... More


How to measure genetic variation

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the most common measures of genetic variation used in conservation genetic studies. These include percentage of polymorphic loci, alleles per locus/allelic richness, expected ... More


Inbreeding, geographic subdivision, and gene flow

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines the theory of inbreeding including a brief account on the theory of population subdivision and gene flow. This is of relevance to conservation issues because habitat loss and ... More


Biological or Social: Allelic Variation and the Making of Race in Single Nucleotide Polymorphism-Based Research

Michael J. Montoya

in Making the Mexican Diabetic: Race, Science, and the Genetics of Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267305
eISBN:
9780520949003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267305.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter argues that neither race nor ethnicity account for the ethnoracial classificatory iterations found in genetic epidemiological research. It problematizes the simplistic race/no-race ... More


The Evolutionary Ecology of Movement

Hugh Dingle and Marcel Holyoak

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0025
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Organisms move, and their movement can take place by walking, swimming, or flying; via transport by another organism (phoresy); or by a vehicle such as ... More


Evolutionary Conservation Biology

Philip W. Hedrick

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0036
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Conservation biology as a discipline focused on endangered species is young and dates only from the late 1970s. Although conservation of endangered species ... More


Quantifying genetic variation at the molecular level

Asher D. Cutter

in A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838944
eISBN:
9780191874826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838944.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 3, “Quantifying genetic variation at the molecular level,” introduces quantitative methods for measuring variation directly in DNA sequences to help decipher fundamental properties of ... More


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