Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 78 items

  • Keywords: heredity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

 Galton and the Stirp Theory

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of Galton's transfusion experiments and his development of the “stirp” theory of inheritance. It then discusses Galton's understanding of “correlation” and “ ... More


 August Weismann's Theory of the Germ‐Plasm

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on August Weismann's theory of the germ-plasm. It is argued that both Weismann's failure to conceive of any alternative to the disintegration of the idioplasm as the mechanism of ... More


Aristotle's Theory of Form

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay is a résumé of all the ways in which Aristotle uses his notion of form in books, which one thinks of as ‘preceding’ the Metaphysics (in order of exposition, if not in order of ... More


The Egg

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the diverging views of embryologists and geneticists about heredity and evolution. The two main reasons for this stemmed from research started in the 19th century. First, ... More


Mendel Palimpsest

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the contribution of Austrian monk Johan Gregor Mendel, one of the greatest legends in the history of science. Three moments in this man's history and legacy are extraordinary. ... More


Emerging Genetics

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of genetics was extraordinarily successful and rose to an authoritative position by the 1930s. To understand the relationship between genetics and other disciplines, this chapter first ... More


Genetic Heresy and the Cold War

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the outlawing of Mendelian genetics in the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and the emergence of Lysenkoism. Led by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko and supported by the Communist ... More


Theories of Darwin's Doctors, and of Darwin

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is no record of how Dr. Robert Darwin diagnosed Charles' illness. Some doctors were “puzzled” by the illness. Others viewed it as a form of dyspepsia: Dr. James Gully diagnosed it as “nervous ... More


Libertarianism, Action, and Self‐Determination

Galen Strawson

in Freedom and Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247493
eISBN:
9780191594830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a basic, strong, fundamental sense in which free will and moral responsibility are provably, logically impossible. For in the end, they require that one be radically the cause of oneself, ... More


Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The role of genes in governing behavior remains one of the most controversial topics in human biology. Early in this century, over-eager promotion of a genetic basis for behavior led to the excesses, ... More


Creating character: Theories of nature and nurture in Victorian sensation fiction

Helena Ifill

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781784995133
eISBN:
9781526136275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995133.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book explores the range of ways in which the two leading sensation authors of the 1860s, Mary Elizabeth Braddon and Wilkie Collins, engaged with nineteenth-century ideas about how the ... More


Biology Redivivus

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the revival of interest in the study of biology as the basis of the differences in human behavior in the U.S. during the 1960s. Despite signs of a culturalist triumph, a growing ... More


Race and Heredity

OWEN WHITE

in Children of the French Empire: Miscegenation and Colonial Society in French West Africa 1895-1960

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208198
eISBN:
9780191677946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208198.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses how a widespread but important abstract interest in miscegenation in metropolitan France found a concrete expression in the treatment of mÉtis in West Africa. It analyses the ... More


Mind and Body: The Causes of Insanity

R. A. HOUSTON

in Madness and Society in Eighteenth-Century Scotland

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207870
eISBN:
9780191677830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207870.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the causes of insanity. The main development in ideas about causation was a change in the role of supernatural explanations and a ... More


Phylogeny

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

After having introduced the general concept of evolution, the action of natural selection is considered. The issue of populations of genotypes and phenotypes as well as the problem of variation are ... More


From Mohels to Mein Kampf: Syphilis and the Construction of Jewish Identification

Jay Geller

in The Other Jewish Question: Identifying the Jew and Making Sense of Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233618
eISBN:
9780823241781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233618.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter chronicles how the construction of Judentum became increasingly infected with representations of syphilis from the earliest epidemic outbreaks in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to ... More


Life-style: Markers of Status and Hierarchy

Takie Sugiyama Lebra

in Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076006
eISBN:
9780520911796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076006.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks into the routine life of the latest generations that still “live” in the memories of informants. In contrast to the interest thus far on the time depth of ancestor–successor ... More


Rulership and Ritual Action in the Chinese Realm

Evelyn S. Rawski

in The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520212893
eISBN:
9780520926790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520212893.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the Confucian state ritual arena. Within Confucian political thought, there was a basic tension between two principles of legitimation—virtue or heredity—that remained ... More


Between Development and Evolution: How to Model Cultural Change

Eva Jablonka

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores how the Darwinian model of evolution emerged as a major organising concept for explaining cultural change. It considers the application of the general framework of selection ... More


The expressive ear for music

Dina Kirnarskaya

in The Natural Musician: On abilities, giftedness, and talent

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560134
eISBN:
9780191701795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560134.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music, the quintessence of sound, is ordered in such a way that man perceives it almost as a living being, as a voice addressing him. The property of the human ear specially geared for the perception ... More


View: