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LEGISLATING LUNCH

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of consumer concerns about GE technology in terms of science and politics. Among other issues, it discusses concerns regarding herbicides and pesticides.


CONSERVING WILDLANDS

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

As the world's population grows (it is expected to increase from the current 6.7 billion to 9.2 billion by 2050), fewer and fewer wild places remain. Today vast areas of Earth resemble the ... More


Natural selection in open populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Natural selection can be observed and measured in natural populations. This chapter argues that it is commonplace, strong, fluctuating, and oligogenic. The first section here is called Fitness in ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


Applying Weapons Law to Particular Weapon Systems

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter aims to assist those who seek to apply the weapons law rules outlined in the book to particular weapons systems. It takes those weapons in turn and explains which legal rules would ... More


Critical appraisal of a retrospective cohort study

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an example of the application of the scheme for critical appraisal: a retrospective cohort study entitled ‘Cancer mortality in workers exposed to chlorophenoxy herbicides and ... More


A Novel Method of Weed Control

Pete A. Ensminger

in Life Under the Sun

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Photosynthesis involves biological energy transduction, the transformation of light energy into chemical energy, and photosensory pigments, which play an important role in the process. Phytochrome, a ... More


Respect for Life

Douglas Allchin

in Sacred Bovines: The Ironies of Misplaced Assumptions in Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190490362
eISBN:
9780197559659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490362.003.0035
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

“Respect for life” is a rallying cry among many animal rights activists. They target the use of animals in research, the wearing of fur coats, the hunting of wolves and whales, and more. They ... More


Tipping the Balance in the Restoration of Native Plants: Experimental Approaches to Changing the Exotic:Native Ratio in California Grassland

Jeffrey D. Corbin, Carla M. D’Antonio, and Susan J. Bainbridge

in Experimental Approaches to Conservation Biology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240247
eISBN:
9780520930636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240247.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter evaluates the efficiency of experimental techniques in reducing invasive plant species in California grassland ecosystems. It discusses native plant restoration approaches, focusing on ... More


Going Global after Vietnam: The End of Agent Orange and the Rise of an International Environmental Regime

David Zierler

in Nation-States and the Global Environment: New Approaches to International Environmental History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199755356
eISBN:
9780199345090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755356.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This essay provides an historical explanation for the U.S. decision to end herbicidal warfare operations in Vietnam, contextualized within a broader framework of the late 1960s. The debacle of the ... More


To Manage or Manipulate: Natural versus Artificial Improvement of Depleted Rangelands

Nathan F. Sayre

in The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Chapter 5 examines efforts to counter the real or perceived “invasion” of brush and shrubs by artificial means when “natural” improvement by succession failed to occur. From the earliest government ... More


Ecological Rifts and Shifts: The Accumulation of Catastrophe

Hannah Holleman

in Dust Bowls of Empire: Imperialism, Environmental Politics, and the Injustice of "Green" Capitalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300230208
eISBN:
9780300240887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230208.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that the Dust Bowl is a perfect example of the accumulation of catastrophe, the result of decision makers shifting ecological problems down the line and denying the nature of the ... More


The ‘Silent Spring’ Revisited

Peter Townsend

in The Dark Side of Technology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198790532
eISBN:
9780191831836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790532.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The 1962 book by Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, related agricultural treatments of herbicides and fertilizers to a wide range of long-term changes in soils, products, and consumers; it was a dramatic ... More


Nutrient Cycling within an Arid Ecosystem

William H. Schlesinger and Sandy L. Tartowski

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Low quantities of soil nitrogen limit plant growth in the Chihuahuan Desert (Ettershank et al. 1978; Fisher et al. 1988; Lajtha and Whitford 1989; Mun and Whitford 1989) and in other deserts of the ... More


The Aliens in Our Midst: Managing Our Ecosystems

Banu Subramaniam

in Controversies in Science and Technology: From Sustainability to Surveillance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199383771
eISBN:
9780197562970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199383771.003.0022
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

I begin with a central and profound insight of the feminist and cultural studies of science: that nature and culture, science and society, and biology and the social are not binary opposites. ... More


More Field Ecology: Rightofway Island

David Ehrenfeld

in Swimming Lessons: Keeping Afloat in the Age of Technology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148527
eISBN:
9780197561867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148527.003.0035
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

On all but one of the field trips in my Field Ecology course, I take my students to the sorts of places that they have been to before: the beach, the pinelands, the Highlands forest, farms, old ... More


Coastal Zone Development in Southeast Asia

P. P. Wong

in The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199248025
eISBN:
9780191917530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199248025.003.0035
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

Coastal environments of Southeast Asia have been discussed in Chapter 11. This chapter focuses on the utilization of the region’s coastal resources, reflecting not only its varied physical ... More


The Grape Berry

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Beginning with fruit set (generally the grape berry is now between 1.5 and 3.0 mm, i.e., less than 1/8 of an inch in diameter) the grape berry growth is divided into three stages. Stages I and III ... More


Soil and Climate Change

Richard Bardgett

in Earth Matters: How soil underlies civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199668564
eISBN:
9780191918339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199668564.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

“The world’s climate is changing. Not only is it getting warmer, but also there are more extreme weather events, such as droughts, storms, and catastrophic floods. Humans are undoubtedly the cause ... More


Solute Transport and Crop Growth Models in the Field

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

In this chapter we deal with vegetation growing in the field. This introduces new and challenging questions of scale and heterogeneity, in time and space, of the environment in which plants grow. ... More


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