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The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Hepatitis A, B, and C Virus Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States: Transmission, Epidemiology, and Intervention

Scott D. Rhodes and Leland J. Yee

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the epidemiology of hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C within the U.S. male population and within various samples of men-who-have-sex-with-men. Vaccine strategies for the ... More


When the Immune System Is the Problem, Not the Solution: Microbial Immunopathology

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune response to microbal infection is massive and brutal — it has to be. But on occasion, particularly when an initial infection is not rapidly cleared, the ongoing immune attack against ... More


A Plea for Rosemary

Beverly (Chopper) Henry

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0050
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Rosemary Willeby died on October 22, 1999. Rosie was one of many women prisoners diagnosed with both HIV and the hepatitis C virus. The year before, she arrived at the Central California Women's ... More


Empire of experiment

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

During the early eighteenth century, a wide range of medicines, including chemical preparations such as antimonial drugs, was being used to treat tropical complaints. During the 1750s, these were ... More


Hepatitis Viruses: Oysters, Blood Transfusions, and Cancer

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter studies the history of hepatitis virus infection. Hepatitis and/or jaundice were recorded in the fourth century BC by Hippocrates and over 1,000 years ago in the ancient Chinese ... More


HIV/AIDS

Martin LaBrie

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0110
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter presents a case study to illustrate the desired skills, attitudes, and knowledge required to diagnose and treat illnesses associated with HIV/AIDS. It addresses several questions such ... More


Missing Women: Some Recent Controversies on Levels and Trends in Gender Bias in Mortality †

Stephan Klasen

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses two recent controversies surrounding levels and trends in the number of ‘missing women’ in the world. First, the impact of fertility decline on gender bias in mortality is ... More


Responding to a Request for Pregnancy Termination

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the case of Mrs R, aged thirty-six, who has two children aged ten and three, and suffers from chronic active hepatitis that has persuaded her and Mr R, on her physician's ... More


Liver Disorders

Barry S. Levy

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes occupational and environmental liver disorders. It describes the types of liver function and types of liver damage, and how these functions and this damage can be assessed. ... More


Is the gift a good one?

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter addresses the quality of the gift of blood. The transfusion and use of whole blood and certain blood products carries with it the risk of transmitting disease, particularly serum ... More


Bloodborne and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Edward P. Richards III and Guthrie S. Birkhead

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on legal tools for controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and certain related bloodborne infections for which sexual transmission is important. It focuses on the ... More


Infections

Catherine S. Peckham and Marie-Louise Newell

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although the majority of infections in pregnancy have no effect on the developing fetus, some can lead to severe damage and disability. This chapter discsses screening for infections: rubella, ... More


Health-Care Workers

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health care workers are exposed to many hazards on the job. Hospitals and clinics are considered to be high-risk workplaces because of the many hazards. The characteristic hazards in health care ... More


Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Sam F. Halabi, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Jeffrey S. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa shocked the world as the disease spread rapidly from its origin to neighboring countries, Europe, and North America while the systems in place to ... More


The Politics of Hepatitis C–Tainted Blood Products

Celeste L. Arrington

in Accidental Activists: Victim Movements and Government Accountability in Japan and South Korea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453762
eISBN:
9781501703379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453762.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines hepatitis C virus (HCV) movements in Japan and Korea, initiated by victims who became infected after receiving contaminated blood products. Despite their parallel claims and ... More


Epidemics in Early Wars

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

While our selection of the time period, AD 1850–1990, for the analytical work we undertake in Chapters 3 to 12 is conditioned by the availability of ... More


Mortality and Morbidity in Modern Wars, I: Civil Populations

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In this chapter, we examine the time trends that have occurred in the causes of morbidity and mortality in civil populations over the last century and a ... More


Pan America: Military Mobilization and Disease in the United States

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In the previous chapter, we outlined a number of methods employed by geographers to study time–space patterns of disease incidence and spread. In this and ... More


Europe: Camp Epidemics

Matthew Smallman-Raynor and Andrew Cliff

in War Epidemics: An Historical Geography of Infectious Diseases in Military Conflict and Civil Strife, 1850-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233640
eISBN:
9780191916489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233640.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

One recurring theme of the previous chapter was the role of military assembly and training camps as sites for explosive outbreaks of infectious diseases ... More


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