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Conclusion

Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land: Relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205401
eISBN:
9780191676611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205401.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The wish to secure husbands to marry important heiresses and the need for short-term military help caused the Frankish settlers in the Levant to turn to western Europe on many occasions. It is clear ... More


Green Sickness and Wertherism: Smiles

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Samuel Smiles, born in 1812, was an influential figure in the 19th-century “self-help” movement. His book, Self-help: With Illustrations of Character, Conduct and Perseverance (1859) grew out of a ... More


The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Nancy Whittier

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book studies activism against child sexual abuse, tracing it from its emergence in feminist anti‐rape efforts, through the development of mainstream self‐help, conflicts with an opposing ... More


Philosophical Counseling

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies the moral-therapeutic perspective to philosophical counseling. Philosophical counseling applies ethical perspectives, critical thinking, and other philosophical resources to help ... More


Responsibility in Community

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Critics have interpreted the therapeutic trend as a replacement of community-oriented morality with self-oriented therapeutic values such as self-esteem, self-fulfilment, and authenticity. They ... More


The Politics of the “Therapeutic Turn”: Self‐Help and Internalized Oppression

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the hybrid political/therapeutic approach of feminist self‐help groups of the very early 1980s, which developed an analysis of internalized oppression that linked the political ... More


Going Mainstream: Self‐Help Activism During the 1980s

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter recounts the rise of single‐issue self‐help groups during the 1980s, showing how they both reflected and transformed the approach of their forebears and helped to popularize a modified ... More


The Politics of Visibility: Coming Out, Activist Art, and Emotional Change

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter traces the development of a repoliticized self‐help movement focused on visibility politics in the wake of the countermovement. It discusses the construction of a repoliticized ... More


Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Stephen G. Post (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Does a kindly, charitable interest in others have health benefits for the agent, particularly when coupled with helping behaviours? Although the answer remains unclear, researchers have established ... More


Helping Behavior and Longevity: An Emotion Model

Deborah D. Danner, Wallace V. Friesen, and Adah N. Carter

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines a possible mechanism to account for why helping behaviours might have positive health outcomes. It argues that positive emotional responses, particularly future-oriented ... More


Close Relationships and Health Through the Lens of Selective Investment Theory

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, Ashley Schiavone, and Dylan M. Smith

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews a program of research that was designed to explore the health benefits of helping or giving support to others. This work was inspired by a new evolutionary theory of altruism, ... More


A Short Natural History of Altruism and Healing

Christopher Boehm

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter explores the deep evolutionary roots of altruism and healing. It discusses medical practices among apes, as well as their medical helping behaviours. It then moves to a focus on the role ... More


Altruism, Religion, and Health: Exploring the Ways in Which Helping Others Benefits Support Providers

Neal Krause

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter suggests that, for those so inclined, a religious community in which altruism is prescribed might be useful. It discusses the ways in which formal places of worship provide opportunities ... More


How We Help Preparing Inmates for Release

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter documents the decline of inmate participation in prison work, treatment, and education programs. It considers these trends in light of the growing amount of research documenting what ... More


Sources of Self-Help Movement Legitimation *

Matthew E. Archibald

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the challenges health social movements face in their efforts to achieve legitimation—sociopolitical and cultural recognition and acceptance—from actors with vested interests ... More


From Infanticide to Activism: Emotions and Identity in Self-Help Movements

Verta Taylor and Lisa Leitz

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Taylor and Leitz trace processes of collective identity construction and politicization among women suffering from postpartum psychiatric illness who have been convicted of infanticide. Joining a ... More


Conclusion: The Shape of Collective Action in the U.S. Health Sector

Verta Taylor and Mayer N. Zald

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter locates U.S. health institutions in the context of American society and culture, exploring “American Exceptionalism” and its implications for the particular structure and culture of ... More


MY GOOD INNER SELF: FROM EMERSON TO OPRAH

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines key themes in the redemptive self as expressed in the tradition of American self-help and in well-known theories of psychological development. It opens with a survey of American ... More


Home Helps

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks closely at one example of the marginalisation of philanthropic forms of authority as social work became increasingly professionalized in the welfare state. The establishment of ... More


The Evolution of Altruism in Humans

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the evolution of altruism in humans. Following William Hamilton, it uses the term “helping” to describe behaviors that confer benefits on others and reserves the term ... More


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