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Grounds for Hope

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Being evil by nature we ought nevertheless to become good; and so we can. Kant's philosophy is supposed to give us grounds for hope in an “afterlife”, when we can be good, or at least better, and ... More


Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

When we do good or harm to each other, we acquire merit or guilt; deserve praise or blame, reward or punishment, and may need to make atonement. Others may need to forgive us, or show mercy to us. ... More


Purgatory

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0039
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the debate about purgatory. To normal Latin view immediately on death souls received their reward, the damned to hell, the just to paradise, the imperfect to purification in ... More


The Wrath of God and the Blood of Chirst

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter defends two venerable but largely ignored concepts in the general area of atonement: the wrath of God and the blood of Christ. The first is important because it constitutes a barrier ... More


The Decline of Hell

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Dantean hell was ordered, even hierarchical. The hell of the Catholic Counter‐Reformation, as well as most Protestant versions of hell, gave up that order in the interests of the psychological ... More


 No Way Out: Sartre's No Exit and “Being‐for‐Others”

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sartre’s No Exit is a conscientiously trite play that explores some profound truths about what Sartre (in Being and Nothingness) calls Being-for-Others. No Exit presents us with three perverse ... More


Religion of Fear: The Politics of Horror in Conservative Evangelicalism

Jason C Bivins

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195340815
eISBN:
9780199867158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340815.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book investigates American political religions by studying how conservative evangelical political orientations are shaped and spread by pop cultural narratives of fear and horror. This book ... More


 “Shake ’Em to Wake ’Em”: Hell Houses and the Conservative Evangelical Theater of Horror

Jason C. Bivins

in Religion of Fear: The Politics of Horror in Conservative Evangelicalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195340815
eISBN:
9780199867158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340815.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The subject of this chapter is the growing popularity of Christian alternatives to Halloween haunted houses. The most famous of these is Keenan Roberts's Hell House, a multiscene morality play that ... More


The Gods of Risk

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religion is a form of risk management in human lives and in religious groups. Pascal’s Wager famously illustrates the calculation of loss and benefit in religious belief. But there are other economic ... More


Dante and Boccaccio

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers the highly paradoxical position occupied by ancient pagans, who are considered genuinely and outstandingly virtuous and yet at the same are condemned to Hell. This paradox is ... More


After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

John Casey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Christianity from its earliest times taught the existence of heaven and hell as places where good and evil deeds in this life were judged, rewarded and punished. In the course of time ideas both of ... More


Of Sons and Slaves: Violence and Correction in the Afterlife

Isabel Moreira

in Heaven's Purge: Purgatory in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199736041
eISBN:
9780199894628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736041.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the role of punishment in correction as discussed by early Christian authors and the Roman elite as a way of understanding how punishment became associated with both hell and ... More


The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection

Jane Idleman Smith and Yvonne Haddad

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156492
eISBN:
9780199834662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156498.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Islamic concepts of life after death, reward and punishment, human decision, and divine judgment have always held a certain fascination for Western readers. Recent world events have served only to ... More


Universal Salvation: Eschatology in the Thought of Gregory of Nyssa and Karl Rahner

Morwenna Ludlow

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270225
eISBN:
9780191600661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270224.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This monograph examines the claim that ultimately all people will be saved––i.e. that hell will not be eternal and that God will be ‘all in all’ (1 Cor. 15:28). Many Christians have expressed some ... More


“Shall the Hellish Doctrine Stand?”: Enlightenment Doubts and Evangelical Division

Peter J. Thuesen

in Predestination: The American Career of a Contentious Doctrine

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195174274
eISBN:
9780199872138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174274.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

This chapter examines the emergence of Arminianism and other challenges to absolute predestination in 18th‐century America. Much of the early opposition to the old Puritan synthesis came from ... More


Prologue: Stephen Dedalus's Hell

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the evaporation, in effect, of real assent to beliefs in the afterlife, especially in hell. Starting from the author's personal experiences of Catholicism before Vatican II, it ... More


Dante: Inferno

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Aristotelian background to Dante, and Dante's expressing in poetic terms the theology and philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas is explored. Like Swift, Dante presents what Aristotle called “probable ... More


Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book investigates a variety of traditions in early Christianity in which various Christians sought to secure salvation after death for non‐Christians. Sometimes the dead would appear in dreams ... More


The Leaven and the Mustard Seed

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Explicates the message of another pair of parables, focusing in particular on the word holon, “all,” in the parable of the Leaven (“till it was all leavened”). The chapter argues that the parable ... More


The Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin

Anna Wierzbicka

in What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter, too, is devoted to two twin parables with an identical message, and it argues that the image of a God, searching tirelessly for every lost “sheep” or “coin” (that is, every individual, ... More


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