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Hedonism, Heteronomy, and Kant's Principle of Happiness

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the issue of whether Kant was a psychological hedonist about natural desires and the actions for which they are the motives. It calls this interpretation into question, and ... More


The Language of Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In this chapter we summarize an in depth analysis by two Bordeaux professors of enology of the methods that wine experts use to describe so many fragrances in wine. They studied the wine descriptions ... More


La Mettrie

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Julien Offray de la Mettrie, the most intensely medical and the most materialistic of all doctor-philosophers. The materialistic and unedifyingly hedonistic philosophy for ... More


Hedonism

L. W. Sumner

in Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238782
eISBN:
9780191679773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238782.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There are two kinds of subjective theory which have dominated the modern period: hedonistic accounts, identifying welfare with pleasure and the absence of pain; and desire accounts, identifying it ... More


Process Thinking, Individualist Consequentialism, and Animals

Clare Palmer

in Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269526
eISBN:
9780191683664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Various utilitarian philosophers including Bentham have extended their ethical concern to human animals. Bentham drew attention to how concern is not determined by whether animals can reason or talk, ... More


Pleasure

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The EN contains two separate discussions or discourses on pleasure: VII. 11–14 (A) and X. 1–5 (B). Aristotle's own view is indicated in A only by the unelaborated and undefended assertion that ... More


Conclusion: The Birth of Hedonism

Kurt Lampe

in The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161136
eISBN:
9781400852499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161136.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This concluding chapter argues for a new understanding of ancient Cyrenaic ethics, including the development of the movement from Aristippus through to the mainstream Cyrenaics, Hegesiacs, ... More


The Meaning of ‘Right’

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This first chapter of Ross's book is devoted to an inquiry into the meaning of right. The interest throughout is ethical, with value only being discussed as far as it seems relevant. The first aspect ... More


What Makes Right Acts Right?

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This second chapter continues the inquiry into right started in the first, asking what makes right acts right. Historical attempts to state a single characteristic of all right actions that is the ... More


Introductory

Samuel Fleischacker

in Divine Teaching and the Way of the World: A Defense of Revealed Religion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199217366
eISBN:
9780191728495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217366.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The introductory chapter of Part II surveys the views of those who see ethics as dependent on religious revelation, and offers some reasons for rejecting those views, even while acknowledging that an ... More


Toward a Field Model of the Self

Eugene Fontinell

in Self, God and Immortality: A Jamesian Investigation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823220700
eISBN:
9780823284863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823220700.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter considers the suggestive irony of living in an age characterized by both an obsessive concern for the ego or individual self and a denial that there is any such reality. The first ... More


The Relational Nature of the Good

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678044
eISBN:
9780191757457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678044.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the relation of being good-for someone is prior to the property of being good. After discussing the views of Moore, Geach, Foot, and Rawls, the author argues that there are ... More


Burning with a ‘hard, gem-like flame’: Heraclitus and Hedonism in Wilde’s Writing

Kate Hext

in Oscar Wilde and Classical Antiquity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198789260
eISBN:
9780191831119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789260.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter spans Oscar Wilde’s career in order to consider how he uses Heraclitus’ philosophy of flux to underpin his conception of the pleasure-seeking, hedonistic individual. By the late 1870s, ... More


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