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Living by the Benefit of Coales: The Anatomy of Industrial Society in Whickham

David Levine and Keith Wrightson

in The Making of an Industrial Society: Whickham 1560-1765

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198200666
eISBN:
9780191674761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200666.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

In the century after 1563, the world of the copyholders of the manor of Whickham was utterly transformed by industrial development. Long before the mid-seventeenth century, however, most of the ... More


New Materials and New Syntheses

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Steel became a ubiquitous and inexpensive material thanks to the introduction of basic Siemens-Martin open-hearth furnaces and high-performance specialty alloys. Invention of the Hall-Héroult process ... More


‘Necessary and Just Wars’ (1443–1455)

Alan Ryder

in Alfonso the Magnanimous: King of Aragon, Naples, and Sicily 1396-1458

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219545
eISBN:
9780191678356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219545.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses the state of the kingdom after years of warfare. Most of the lands in the kingdom belonged to the Prince of Taranto, while the nobles who supported Alfonso as king became even ... More


Personal Names and the English Poor 1570–1700

Scott Smith-Bannister

in Names and Naming Patterns in England 1538–1700

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206637
eISBN:
9780191677250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206637.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the names of the poor and the sources of those names in England in the period 1570 to 1700. It is based on two types of ... More


Farming as a Focal Practice

Paul B. Thompson

in The Agrarian Vision: Sustainability and Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125879
eISBN:
9780813135557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125879.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

A focal practice is generally the resolute and singular dedication to a focal thing. Focal things and focal practices encompass a broad array of objects and activities that give meaning to people's ... More


Introduction: Neolithic Britain—encounters and reflections

Keith Ray and Julian Thomas

in Neolithic Britain: The Transformation of Social Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198823896
eISBN:
9780191917288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823896.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Is it possible to experience the Neolithic period (c.4000—c.2400 BCE) in Britain today? Of course not, or not in any literal sense. And yet, there are devices that we ... More


The First Kentucky Cookbook: Antebellum Hearth Cooking

John van Willigen

in Kentucky's Cookbook Heritage: Two Hundred Years of Southern Cuisine and Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813146898
eISBN:
9780813151458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813146898.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Kentucky Housewife was the first Kentucky cookbook and is the only one considered in this chapter, as the next one was not published until 1875. It contains strategies for hearth cooking and home ... More


Caroline Barr and Faulkner's Poetics: Go Down, Moses

Judith L. Sensibar

in Faulkner and Love: The Women Who Shaped His Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300115031
eISBN:
9780300142433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300115031.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter analyzes William Faulkner's Go Down, Moses and “Mississippi,” which are his meditations and elegies for Caroline Barr who raised him. It examines the “The Fire and the Hearth” and ... More


Sense and Sensibility: Wishing is Believing

Pam Morris

in Jane Austen, Virginia Woolf and Worldly Realism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474419130
eISBN:
9781474419154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419130.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

Sense and Sensibility, traces the movement of young female protagonists from a traditional patrician place into a more heterogeneous social space, a shift from time-denying idealist values to ... More


Regulations and Conventions

Thomas O. Höllmann

in The Land of the Five Flavors: A Cultural History of Chinese Cuisine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161862
eISBN:
9780231536547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161862.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter details various conventions and regulations—religious, governmental, and otherwise—and how these have developed over the years. Despite efforts during the Qin Dynasty to establish ... More


Can Homelessness Be Prevented?

Carol L. M. Caton

in The Open Door: Homelessness and Severe Mental Illness in the Era of Community Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190463380
eISBN:
9780190463410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190463380.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

The lack of prevention and early intervention services can result in a constant influx of newly homeless people with severe mental illness whose homelessness may eventually become long-term and ... More


Fireside Chat: The Impact of Fire on Hominin Socioecology

R.I.M. Dunbar and J.A.J. Gowlett

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the impact of fire on the socioecology of hominins, with particular emphasis on the budgetary costs of extending the day. It first provides an overview of the archaeology of ... More


Land of the Cremated Dead: On Cremation Practices in Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Scandinavia

Lise Harvig

in Cremation and the Archaeology of Death

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198798118
eISBN:
9780191917141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798118.003.0021
Subject:
Archaeology, Mortuary Archaeology

As contract archaeology has emerged and larger connected areas have been excavated since the 1990s, focus has naturally changed from single finds of graves right below plough soil or in connection ... More


Homa Rituals in the Indian Kālacakra-tantra Tradition

Vesna A. Wallace (ed.)

in Homa Variations: The Study of Ritual Change across the Longue Durée

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199351572
eISBN:
9780199351602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351572.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Kālacakra-tantra is considered one of the most authoritative tantric traditions, and the chapter examines the homa as found in that tradition. Instructions for the construction of a ritual site ... More


Chronology

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.00010
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

Hillforts are conventionally regarded as a phenomenon of the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age of temperate Europe, with some sites being constructed or reoccupied in the post-Roman Iron Age or Early ... More


Ethnographic Models

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.00014
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

Evaluating the contribution that a study of ethnographic models can make to an understanding of the role of hillforts in Iron Age society is as fraught with difficulties as is a critical assessment ... More


Conclusion: A Sense of Place

Dennis Harding

in Iron Age Hillforts in Britain and Beyond

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695249
eISBN:
9780191918452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/9780199695249.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, European Archaeology

It has often been supposed that the Anglo-Saxon poet lamenting the passing of an heroic society was referring to the ruins of Roman walls, for some reason decorated with serpentiform designs. But ... More


I 10, 4: Casa del Menandro

Roger Ling, Paul Arthur, Georgia Clarke, Estelle Lazer, Lesley A. Ling, Peter Rush, and Andrew Waters

in The Insula of the Menander at Pompeii: Volume 1: The Structures

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198134091
eISBN:
9780191916465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198134091.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

As stated in part one, the casa del menandro occupied more than half of the insula at the time of Pompeii’s burial; it is thus by far the largest property in the block. It also lacks a homogeneous ... More


I 10, 7: Casa del Fabbro

Roger Ling, Paul Arthur, Georgia Clarke, Estelle Lazer, Lesley A. Ling, Peter Rush, and Andrew Waters

in The Insula of the Menander at Pompeii: Volume 1: The Structures

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198134091
eISBN:
9780191916465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198134091.003.0019
Subject:
Archaeology, Greek and Roman Archaeology

In its present form the casa del fabbro is an attenuated and relatively cramped property. Not only is the width of its atrium complex so restricted as to allow space for only two narrow cubicula ... More


4000 BCE: a cultural threshold

Keith Ray and Julian Thomas

in Neolithic Britain: The Transformation of Social Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198823896
eISBN:
9780191917288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823896.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The archaeological evidence that has accumulated over the past five decades demonstrates that two very different situations existed successively in Britain in the centuries on either side of 4000 ... More


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