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Autonomic Nervous System Markers for Psychophysiological, Anxiety, and Physical Disorders

Richard Gevirtz

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter explores the use of autonomic nervous system (ANS) measures as potential biomarkers for medically unexplained disorders. It is proposed that these disorders are better classified and ... More


The Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior

Angela Scarpa and Adrian Raine

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the major psychophysiological findings and theories regarding antisocial behavior, with a specific focus on skin conductance (SC), heart rate (HR), electroencephalogram (EEG), ... More


Cardiovascular System: Heart Rate; Cardiac Output; and Blood Pressure, Volume, and Flow

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The heart is a muscle, referred to as the myocardium, which begins functioning within the fourth week of embryonic development and continues to beat 3–4 billion times throughout life. About the size ... More


Temperament and personality

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the difference between temperament and personality in dog behaviour. Although both concepts assume context independent aspects of behaviour, the former is believed to relate ... More


Biology of Crime: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives

Adrian Raine and Jill Portnoy

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on biomarkers for conduct disorder, antisocial behavior, and delinquency, with a special emphasis on low resting heart rate. This factor has been extensively replicated in ... More


Positive Psychophysiology: The Body and Self-Regulation

Suzanne C. Segerstrom, Timothy W. Smith, and Tory A. Eisenlohr-Moul

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

Self-regulation refers to control over one's emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. Failure of self-regulation contributes to many important individual and societal problems, including problems with ... More


Continuous electronic fetal monitoring during labour

Ian Leck and Stephen B. Thacker

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) during labour. EFM during labour involves recording the fetal heart rate by means of an electrode on the fetal scalp or an ultrasound probe on ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


The Basis of ECG Diagnosis

Jaakko Malmivuo

in Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195058239
eISBN:
9780199847839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195058239.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the forward problem of ECG diagnosis. This leads to the solution of the inverse problem through the empirical approach. The empirical approach is acceptable in this case, ... More


Field Techniques: Measuring Stress Responses in Wild Animals

L. Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

in Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People: Stress in Wild Animals and How They Cope

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195366693
eISBN:
9780190456993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents some of the techniques that researchers have used to study stress in wild free-living animals. The major focus is on frequently used techniques such as capture stress, negative ... More


Alexander Technique

AARON WILLIAMON

in Musical Excellence: Strategies and Techniques to Enhance Performance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525356
eISBN:
9780191689345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525356.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter describes the principles of the Alexander technique (AT) and discusses its application to music performance. Although often regarded as on the fringe of science, an increasing number of ... More


Cardiovascular system

Michelle Green and Kirsten Huby

in Clinical Skills in Children's Nursing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199559039
eISBN:
9780191917837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199559039.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing Skills

This chapter will outline the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system and the changes that occur during childhood as this body system matures. Signs and symptoms of cardiovascular ... More


Acute Stress Responses: How Do Environmental Stressors Lead to Essential Hypertension?

Kevin T. Larkin

in Stress and Hypertension: Examining the Relation between Psychological Stress and High Blood Pressure

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106442
eISBN:
9780300128864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106442.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines how environmental stressors lead to essential hypertension via the acute stress response. It focuses on research examining the physiological responses of heart rate and blood ... More


Healing the Body and Mind: A Research-Based Perspective on the Physical, Emotional, and Cognitive Benefits of Yoga

Lesley S. McAllister

in Yoga in the Music Studio

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190915001
eISBN:
9780197544020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915001.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

The most research-oriented part of the book, Chapter Three, describes how yoga has proven to be beneficial not only for physical health and wellness, but also for emotional well-being and optimal ... More


Physiological responses of marine invertebrates to thermal stress

Nia M. Whiteley and Clara L. Mackenzie

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Marine invertebrates display a tremendous range of thermal sensitivities and thermal tolerance limits, but they can all experience thermal stress at their upper thermal limits. Such limits are shaped ... More


Emotion Regulation by Switching Between Modes of Reception

Monika Suckfüll

in Psychocinematics: Exploring Cognition at the Movies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199862139
eISBN:
9780199332755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862139.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Within the research program described in this contribution, the principal premise is that the reception process appears to be a dynamically varying relationship between aspects of the movie and ... More


Psychophysiology Indicators of Relational Aggression

Dianna Murray-Close, Nicole L. Breslend, and Leigh Ann Holterman

in The Development of Relational Aggression

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190491826
eISBN:
9780190491840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491826.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mounting evidence implicates psychophysiological processes in the development of relational aggression. This review discusses the state of the field regarding associations between physiological ... More


Physiological Correlates of Welfare

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in The Science of Animal Welfare: Understanding What Animals Want

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198848981
eISBN:
9780191883682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848981.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Bioethics

The idea that there might be physiological markers of welfare such as ‘stress’ or ‘feel-good’ hormones is a very attractive prospect for animal welfare scientists as it seems to hold out the prospect ... More


Psychiatry of Old Age

Clare Wadlow

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

This chapter of practice exam questions aims to put you, albeit briefly, in the seat of an old age psychiatrist dealing with important aspects of psychiatric disease in older adults. Our population ... More


The Treatment Technique

Max Fink MD

in Electroconvulsive Therapy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195365740
eISBN:
9780197562604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195365740.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The decision to recommend ECT is difficult, much like the decision for a surgical operation. A physician seeking the source of the patient’s symptoms goes through an intellectual process similar to ... More


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