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Comprehensive strategies to reduce the burden of chronic diseases: What are the best ways to reduce the burden of chronic disease?

David Stuckler, Karen Siegel, Kathleen O’Connor Duffany, Sandeep Kishore, Denise Stevens, and Sanjay Basu

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0057
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is organized into two parts. Part I shows how healthcare systems — set up in a period when infectious diseases were dominant — have locked in a focus on treating acute-care episodes. It ... More


The (Sorry) State of Trust in the American Healthcare Enterprise

David A. Shore

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Trust is the foundation upon which our healthcare system is built, but the current trends showing increasing distrust compromise the system's effectiveness. This chapter discusses the reasons behind ... More


Building Quality in the Healthcare Environment

Donald M. Berwick

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The quality of care issues in healthcare has long been recognized and publicized in studies done by the Institute of Medicine and other organizations. This chapter explores the relationship between ... More


The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

David A. Shore (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The lack of trust in the U.S. healthcare system brings ominous results, from decreasing health outcomes to increasing costs, from organizational inefficiencies to a pattern of litigation. The trust ... More


Health policy

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok, and David Phillips

in Social policy in China: Development and well-being

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348807
eISBN:
9781447303411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explores the key features and structure of the Chinese healthcare system in 1978. It also examines China's healthcare initiatives after 1978, including change in the nature of hospital ... More


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


Safety, systems, complexity, and resilience: What makes organizations safe?

Kieran Sweeney and Mike D Williams

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter proposes that when viewing the activities of a hospital, it is helpful to see the organization as a complex adaptive system (CAS). Complex organizations are made up of inter-relating ... More


Transition, Health Production, and Medical System Effectiveness

Christopher Davis

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Before the transition period in the Eastern European countries during the Soviet Union era, healthcare systems within these countries were controlled by the governments of the said countries. ... More


Resilience in resource-poor settings

Amanda Bingley and Elizabeth McDermott

in Resilience in Palliative Care: Achievement in adversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199206414
eISBN:
9780191730320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206414.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the resilience of palliative care providers working in resource-poor settings. Health professional working in these areas face many challenges including the negative impact of ... More


The United States of America

Bruce Fetter, Douglas Morgan, and Jeffrey Levi

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the United States' response to its HIV epidemic. The USA does not have an integrated healthcare delivery or financing system, even within public sector programmes. Many have ... More


Health and development in India: moving towards the right to health

Ravi Duggal

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter details how the rights to health and development have interacted throughout the progression of India’s Five-Year Plans. It begins by tracing the history of India’s health policy. It then ... More


China’s evolution in progressively realizing the right to health

Philip D. Chen and Di Wu

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter recounts how health and food safety reform have played a central role in progressively realizing the right to health of the Chinese. It begins with an overview of China’s health ... More


Interprofessional relationships: doctors and nurses in Slovenia

Majda Pahor

in Rethinking professional governance: International directions in healthcare

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349569
eISBN:
9781447303251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349569.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses research into interprofessional relationships between nurses and doctors in Slovenia, introducing the notion of culture as a hidden organiser of professional action and ... More


Dissemination and sustainability strategy for the LCP programme: incorporating a model for national audit for care of the dying

Deborah Murphy and Tamsin McGlinchey

in Care of the Dying: A pathway to excellence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199550838
eISBN:
9780191730528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550838.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses a dissemination and sustainability strategy for the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient (LCP) programme in incorporating a model for national audit for care of the ... More


Realizing the right to healthcare in Mexico

Frenk Julio and Gómez-Dantés Octavio

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explains how Mexico’s System of Social Protection in Health has successfully translated a ‘democratization of health’ into a social rights-based approach to health characterized by ... More


The right to health in Japan: challenges of a super-ageing society and implications from its 2011 public health emergency

Hiroaki Matsuura and Eriko Sase

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Using a human rights-based approach, this chapter reviews Japan’s healthcare system, identifying the achievements and challenges, with emphasis on the ageing population. The results suggest the ... More


The healthcare delivery system: an overview

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the healthcare delivery system. A figure illustrates how six different parts of the system relate to each other. The primary care level plays a key role in many ... More


New interventional procedures

Carole M Longson and Mirella Marlow

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the NICE IP (interventional procedures) Programme, which is intended to introduce new interventional procedures safely into the NHS. The basic requirements for achieving this ... More


The United States: right to health obligations in the context of disparity and reform

Alicia Ely Yamin and Jean Connolly Carmalt

in Advancing the Human Right to Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661619
eISBN:
9780191765056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661619.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews both the progress and shortcomings of the United States in addressing health disparities, including through recent reform efforts. The discussions cover human rights and ... More


Taking less medicine

Alan Cribb

in Healthcare in Transition: Understanding Key Ideas and Tensions in Contemporary Health Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447323211
eISBN:
9781447323235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323211.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines the premise that health policy is ‘out of kilter’ and needs reform. It suggests that much of the debate about reform can be seen, in crude terms, as a debate between ‘more ... More


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